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Why do sources A to E differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of children? Explain your answer using the sources and knowledge from your studies.

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Richard Tandy December 2003 Coursework 2 / Question 2. Why do sources A to E differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of children? Explain your answer using the sources and knowledge from your studies. In September 1939, Germany invaded Poland in what would be the final step in the build up to war. As the last days of peace lasted away in 1939, evacuation was introduced and more than 3.5 million children were taken from their homes as part of a Government plan to evacuate what would be the largest mass movement of people ever seen in Britain. Outline plans had been drawn up as early as 1935 after the Munich conference however they became much more detailed. The British Government had decided to organize an evacuation scheme in which Sir John Anderson was put in charge. Britain feared that during the war major towns and cities such as London would be in danger of heavy bombings from the Germans. As a consequence of this, many children, who were made the priority, and some women and teachers, were evacuated from the cities and moved into more rural areas with foster families to look after them. The idea was that they would be safe there, and in the first three days of September 1,250,000 children were said to have been evacuated. The evacuees would take the train to their destination, with no idea where they were going or who was going to look after them. There are many sources of evidence about evacuation and naturally they differ in their attitudes towards the evacuation of children. I have been supplied with five sources about evacuation, sources A to E and in this essay I will be looking at why these sources differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of children. I will group the sources together to enable me to compare and contrast the differences and similarities between them. For example, I will group sources B and E together because they are both interviews. ...read more.


demand of children - the figure may have been quite big and so the government would not want to include it, this also makes the Advertisement unreliable. The purpose of this advertisement is to get older people in Scotland to provide homes for evacuees; younger people in Scotland would not be targeted, as they would be involved in the war effort. The Government issued this advertisement, as they need more children to be evacuated, which would also take some of the pressure off the Government and if children were dieing in the City then it would lower morale. Moreover, this advertisement could be used to make people feel more anti-German or anti-Nazi through making it seem that the Germans are going to be killing a lot of our children by bombing cities. Also, by issuing this appeal for people in Scotland to provide homes for evacuee children so that children can be evacuated out of the city it would make the Government look caring. The intended audience for this advertisement is older people in Scotland who would have free time; younger people would be involved in the war effort. It would make older people feel that they are doing something to help the war effort, and so everyone in the country would be all doing something and this would in turn help to unite the country against the common enemy. This advertisement gives the attitude that evacuation is a positive experience for the evacuee children and the people doing it. It is seen as a positive experience for the children as they are healthier in the country, in the fresh air and away from built up areas and are safer in the country "out of a danger-zone - where desperate peril may come at any minute". It is also seen as a positive experience for the older people doing it who would become foster parents because they would be doing a worthwhile job and making something of their time. ...read more.


Also, it is a novel - a story, not a biography and it is not really even a secondary source and so the information in the extract may not be true at all as such it might not be that reliable. Also, the person who wrote this extract is a novelist and so she would change the storyline to suit her book and this would not only make the extract unreliable. This is also quite an unreliable source, because we are not sure when the author was born, or if she had any part in evacuation. The purpose of the story in which this extract is from is to entertain children as it is from a children's book. It gives a child's eye view of evacuation and so the information is going to be twisted in order to suit the story. The intended audience for the story in which this extract is from is children and so the author of the story is not going to dwell on horrible things and will keep the content light. There is not really sufficient information in this extract in which to pick out an attitude. However, this extract is giving the attitude that the evacuation was like an adventure for some children. The story would give this attitude, as it would make the story more interesting for the younger readers for whom it is intended. In conclusion, there are differing attitudes towards evacuation depending on who is doing the writing and what audience it is aimed at. From the Governments viewpoint when trying to produce propaganda to encourage people to evacuate children, the evacuation is seen as a great adventure and everybody is happy to go. Whereas when people who are actually involved in the evacuation process talk about evacuation, you get a very different viewpoint, in this case people didn't know where they were being evacuated to, children were afraid, mothers were unable to walk with them and some parents preferred their children to stay with them throughout the war. 1 ...read more.

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