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Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of children? Explain your answer using the sources and knowledge from your studies.

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Introduction

Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of children? Explain your answer using the sources and knowledge from your studies. There are a number of reasons why sources shows different attitudes. These may be related to the author of the source, when it was produced, and the purpose that the source has. Source A is a photograph of evacuees walking to a train station in London, ready to be evacuated. The author of the source is unknown. It was taken in September 1939, which is at the start of the war and when people were first evacuated out of the cities to the countryside, where they would be safer. It gives a positive attitude about the war .This photograph illustrates most of the children looking excited and happy as they are waving to the camera and smiling. Like in many cases, the children in the photograph probably didn't know exactly why they are being evacuated, and that is why they don't look upset. The children are not walking with their parents, some of them are on their own, probably because they have already been split up from their parents. Some children in the picture are accompanied by an adult who could be a parent or a minder. The picture displays that they are accompanied by what could be a teacher as she is leading them on and may be keeping them on the pavement; teachers were seen as a valuable asset and so were also evacuated to the countryside and accompanied the children. In the photograph the children are wearing tags and are carrying gas masks, which are necessities which they would require when being evacuated, and also some personal belongings. There is a man in the foreground of the photograph who is wearing a suit and tie and a hat. He may be an official from the government overseeing the evacuation process or he could be the head-teacher of the school in which the children are from. ...read more.

Middle

The source agrees with my own knowledge as I know that poor children were normally sent to stay with richer people, who often underestimated their situation. This is shown in the source when Miss Evans mistakes the children not having brought slippers with them as their being too poor to some. "Oh, I'm sorry, how silly of me, why should you have slippers?" She just thinks that because they had to be sent away from home that their family was too poor to keep them. This is also true to my knowledge, and perhaps the children being evacuated knew of this perception. It is true that there were indeed more poor children being sent away, but they were only poor in comparison to their host families. The poorest children that couldn't be evacuated inside Britain were put on boats and sent to safety overseas. The government weren't as concerned of the possibility that these children might not come back home, as at the end of the day, the richer families had more influence than the ones these children had come from, and reuniting them with their children would therefore be of higher priority than the reuniting the families that were poorer. The source gives a mixed attitude towards evacuation, it is both positive and negative. It's positive side is that the young girl Carrie has been evacuated along with her brother Nick, and also that it is quite a fun and light-hearted extract. This is recognisable at the end of the text where it says, 'Her brother Nick whispered "She thinks we're poor children, too poor to have slippers," and they giggled.' However, it is negative as it shows the children being labelled as "poor" by Miss Evans, and that they have been misconceived by their host. It was written as positive because this is probably how the children would have viewed it, as a big laugh and something fun. ...read more.

Conclusion

It portrays a very negative attitude to evacuation of children, based on his personal experiences of the process. The source is not very reliable as it has many limitations. For instance, the source is secondary, as it was made nearly 50 years after the events actually took place, and therefore some of the details may have been left out of the film due to memory loss in the period between the event and making the film. The film was a generalisation based on the director's own experiences, which were largely negative. It has been slightly sensationalised, with exaggerated scenes to maintain the audience's interest, and to make it a good film. However it is useful as Boorman grew up and experienced war in the East End of London, so we have first hand knowledge of what it was like to live there at the time, and the atmosphere between the people of London at the time. It is similar to Source C as both the sources are based on own knowledge and research, and are fictitious. It is different to Source A as Source A is positive, and this is quite a negative source, and due to the reason why it was published. In conclusion, Sources A to F show that all the authors had different opinions of evacuation depending on their position and views on it. As all the sources and authors are different, they are likely to show different attitudes, with varying degrees of positive and negative in the sources. However, these sources only represent a small proportion of the people that were involved in evacuation, and their views. Essentially, evacuation was different for everyone, and this is portrayed in the broad spread of attitudes in the 6 sources stated above. The people that were evacuated are likely to have their opinions of evacuation influenced by the host families that they stayed with. We can also see from these sources that attitudes differ depending on whether you were a child or adult at the time. ?? ?? ?? ?? Laura Parrish Candidate No. 1183 Centre No. 65217 ...read more.

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