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Why do we dream?

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A2 PSYCHOLOGY - PYA4: DREAMING TASK BASED LEARNING ASSIGNMENTS The idea of task-based learning is that students are given a substantial task or set of tasks to complete from which they will learn about a particular part of the specification. Students carry out the assignment set them, sometimes on their own, other times in small groups, by following guidelines or questions posed in pre-defined stages. There are lots of benefits to completing TBL assignments: your research skills and independent learning abilities are vastly improved; you get a sense of achievement when you finish the assignment. From the teacher's point of view, it gives them a chance to have a chat with individual students in the class. This could be to get to know you better, or to talk through any problems you might have, provide support or solutions, perhaps stretch you a little bit, in fact, all sorts of things! Practicalities: You will be given a set of goals to achieve (so that you know what you're aiming for) and some clues to help you achieve those goals. You will also be given a timescale by which you should have done certain things. Time management is most important, as you must ensure that you stick to deadlines, interim and overall. This is good training for life, good for your CV, and good for your Psychology. You will need to report in to each lesson whilst you are working on your assignment (if the task goes over days) ...read more.


Are there any problems with it? Does it work better for some types of dreams than others? * Type up all neatly. Include a references section (see Learnwise, the section on Coursework, for more advice on this). * Hand in the word processed document to your teacher. Include your notes that you have made, your references section and any planning notes. Hand it in by the deadline: Fill in your deadline date here: ...2nd October..) RESEARCH (theories and/or studies) INTO THE NATURE OF DREAMS: Content: Duration: Types of dreams: Activation Synthesis theory Reverse Learning theory Neurobiological theory Freud wish-fulfilment Theory Survival strategy theory THEORIES OF THE FUNCTION OF DREAMING NEUROBIOLOGICAL THEORIES: Activation Synthesis (Hobson and McCarley) Describe the theory: Dreaming is associated mostly with REM sleep, the brain is as physiologically active as when we are awake. The theory states that dreaming is an automatic part of the brains sleep mechanisms and can be seen as an endogenous process. Dreams are as meaningful as they ca n be under the adverse working conditions of the brain in REM sleep. The reason that dream content often seems disoriented or bizarre is because the activated brain-mind does its best to attribute meaning to the internally generated signals of the brain Research into the theory: Study 1- Tarvis and Wade 1995 found that when signals occur that ordinarily (during wake hours) would cause us to run, the cortex may create a dream about being chased. ...read more.


In the depressed groups, dreams were shorter and usually with no reference to divorce. Study 2: : Mark and Cartwright - participants were given problems to solve then were allowed to sleep. Some were woken whenever they entered REM sleep . Those who were not woken during the stage of REM sleep were able to provide much more realistic solutions to the problem s the next day. This suggests that there REM sleep had given them the opportunity to work through the problems. Write a commentary on the theory: Many dreams are commentaries on life experiences and do not have a clear meaning. What does all of the above suggest about the role of dreaming? Write a paragraph summarising your thoughts here: There are many different theories and suggestions as to why we dream and what causes us to dream. Neurobiological theories suggest that REM is the key. The brains processes during sleep is interpreted as meaningful sensory data. Whereas Crick and Mitchison's reverse learning theory suggests that dreaming is used to eliminate useless information stored in the brain. According to Freud's Wish fulfilment theory, we dream in order to represent the fulfilment of mainly repressed desires. Although all theories mentioned have evidence to support them, it is sometimes difficult to account for meaningful dreams and make logic sense out of them. REFERENCE http://www.lucidity.com/LD8DFM.html http://www.columbia.edu/cu/21stC/issue-3.4/breecher.html http://www.s-cool.co.uk/topic_quicklearn.asp?loc=ql&topic_id=4&quicklearn_id=3&subject_id=14&ebt=201&ebn=&ebs=&ebl=&elc=13 http://www.psywww.com/books/interp/chap03.htm Psychology for A2 level, Michael Eyesenck Psychology for A2, Mark Cardwell ?? ?? ?? ?? Psychology A2 PYA4 -Biorhtythms TBL Assignment - 1 Created on 09/05/2007\\studentdocs\users$\home\nasszah\Psychology\dreamingA2 PSYCHOLOGY.doc ...read more.

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