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Why was the Wanstead Infant Orphan Asylum built in 1841? Andrew Reid was born in the year 1787. He was a Congregational minister and he was a non-conformist

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Introduction

Why was the Wanstead Infant Orphan Asylum built in 1841? Andrew Reid was born in the year 1787. He was a Congregational minister and he was a non-conformist, which meant he was not part of the Church of England. He was very hardworking and committed. He started 7 charities which meant he was a very generous man. His farther was a watch maker therefore he came from a lower middle class tradesman family. His first Asylum he opened was in Dalston, Hackney. He attended the site everyday and got royal patronage which helped him to raise funds. This shows that he is a very dedicated and caring person. The Asylum in Hackney was for children over the age of seven which meant if there were any orphans under the age of seven there would have nowhere to go. This is where the idea of the Wanstead Orphan Asylum came to Andrew Reid's mind, he knew that there had to be an Infant Asylum in Wanstead. His main reason for these acts of kindness was because he truly wanted to help the 'deserving poor' (this meant poor people that had been made poor by bad fortune or death of parents). In his speech at the founding meeting he said "Innocence, helplessness, and misery are strangely commingled and most touchingly call for our aid". This shows that he really cares and wants to persuade other people to care and to donate for the orphans to have a better life. ...read more.

Middle

Also and this may seen cruel, but one of the main reason to build the Asylum was for a better generation and if they knew the child was going to die there was not a real point in wasting the votes which could go to nice and healthy orphan children. So it was necessary to turn down some orphans. There was only one real way to get into the Infant Orphan Asylum. It was the voting system, which meant rich and eligible people would hear the mothers cases and vote to which child they thought needed the Asylum the most. Each vote was worth a certain amount of money, once an individual child had reached its set amount needed the child was allowed into the Asylum. If a rich enough person decided they really wanted this person into the Asylum they could paid the full amount of votes and this would enable the child to be put into the asylum immediately, so if they liked or felt sorry for an orphan it could be entered straight away. This may seem unfair to some orphans that might not be good looking which could have caused the system to be portrayed as mean and unpopular, but this system went on for many years and was very popular and successful. Many rich people felt as though they had power over people with their voting and in some extent enjoyed listening to the mothers cases, they enjoyed the meetings and got excited to see if there chosen orphan would win (be put into the asylum). ...read more.

Conclusion

In which their farther had died and the mother could no longer support the child's needs. The Asylum was to ensure that the generations of orphans were nice and respectable people and that they contribute to society. The asylum was in desperate need because it was extremely unfair on the children that had a nice family background, but then been taken away because of death of the farther. The children were obviously never going to get over the trauma of loosing their farther however at least they can grow up and make their own families and be as successful as they could be. People used in the gathering of my information. * Ms Catlin * Gave information on how to write the essay. * Gave information on the Asylum itself * Gave the coursework booklet which included sources. * An Archivist for the Wanstead Infant Orphan Asylum Marianne Thorne and ex pupil. * Talked about all her past experiences and the daily routine of the Asylum in which we took notes. * Talked about the history and how the place got built. In summary she talked about anything she knows to do with the Asylum and we took notes. Any books used in my information * The school textbook. * The coursework booklet * Sources from the booklet. Internet websites http://www.umd.umich.edu - used for information on the new poor law and information on the workhouses. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Lpoor1834.htm - used for more info on the new poor law. ...read more.

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