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With reference to two psychological theories discuss the view that psychology represents a gender biased view of human behaviour.

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Introduction

With reference to two psychological theories discuss the view that psychology represents a gender bias view of human behaviour. (30) Gender bias is the treatment of men or women in psychological research in a way which offers a vew of behaviour, that does not fully represent the characteristics of either one of these genders. There are three types of gender bias, Alpha, Beta and Andocentric. Alpha bias is exaggerating the differences between men and women. Beta bias is minimising or ignoring the different findings obtained through men, then applying them to women without validation. ...read more.

Middle

Stage 4 represents law and order orientation, Kohlberg believed that a person who was at stage 3 of moral development was less mature than a person on stage four, therefore he believed that women where less mature than men. This view was then criticised by Gilligan (1982) who suggested that women make moral decisions in a different way to men (care and responsibility rather than justice). However Gilligan's theory has also been criticised for being slightly gender bias as male and female reasoning is a lot similar than her work suggests. ...read more.

Conclusion

Asch assumed women behave in the same way under group pressure, without validation. Neto (1995) criticised Asch's study as Gender bias and in his own study found that women actually conform more than men. This was then explained this in terms of the fact that women are more interested in social relationships than men, so this means that in an experimental situation they will have far different short terms goals than men will, so in the end they appear to be more conforms than they are normally. From this evidence I believe that psychology does represent a gender bias view of human behaviour because most studies consist of either just males being tested or results from females just being ignored. Zoe Taylor ...read more.

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