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Workplace stressors

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Workplace stressors Stress related diseases are widespread among the western world. It has been estimated that half of all doctors visits are due to stress related illness. Karasek suggests that the most stressful job are those that invlove low control and high demand. Karasek defines job demands as "the psychological stressors involved in accomplishing the workload." He uses the expression decision latitude to describe the degree of control in the workplace. Decision latitude is "the working individual's potential control over his tasks and his conduct during the working day." Karasek has conducted several studies that support the idea that the most stressful combination of workload involves low control and high demand. Johnson and hull studied 13,000 workers to show how the combination of job demands, control, and social support from co-workers related to the prevalence of cardiovascular disease. They found that jobs with high demands, low control and low social support had twice the risk for this disease compared with jobs which had low demands, high control and high social support. ...read more.


Hochsfield called this emotional labour, when you have to express one emotion yet feeling another, this conflict between what is expressed and what is felt can lead to a feeling of alienation. Role conflict can also be work situations in which demands of the organisation, such as higher productivity or a limit on wages, conflicts with the needs of the workers. The workers may risk losing their jobs if they don't comply, they could also risk upsetting their families if they work longer hours, especially for little or no reward such as salary or job satisfaction. People who work in the caring professions such as nursing, social work and counselling are constantly having to deal with people who are themsleves experiencing high levels of stress. The anger, fear and depression expreienced by their clients results in them making high demands on these professionals, this makes these types of jobs ver stressful. The emotinal labour involved in these occupations can be so intense that is can lead to a from of extreme emotinal exhaustion known as burnout. ...read more.


There is also evidence that people working at night tend to be less productive and more prone to accidents and errors. Major industrial such as Cernobyl, Bhopal and Three-Mile island all occurred between midnight and 4 a.m. Even when people work a continuous night-time schedule, they still become out of phase t weekends and during time off. Czeisler has studied the effects of shift work in considerable detail. One important observation he made was that the worst shift patterns are those which require workers to adjust their biological clocks backwards. Czeisler has recommended that each shift should last for three weeks not one week. The effects of stress in the workplace can be quite serious, Vitalino et al found that air traffic controllers have four times as much hypertension as other airport employees. Margolic and kroes found that foremen were seven times more likely to develop to gastric ulcers than were shop floor workers . Overall stress has a bad effect on the body, and work is a main thing that brings stress upon someone. ...read more.

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