• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'A belief in the life after death solves the problem of evil' Discuss

Extracts from this document...


'A belief in the life after death solves the problem of evil' Discuss The word evil has a broad definition. There are two main types of evil; Moral evil and Natural evil. Moral evil covers the willful acts of human beings such as murder and rape. Natural evil refers to natural disasters such as famines and floods. We can divide these two types further into another two types of evil; Physical evil and metaphysical evil. Physical evil means bodily pain or mental anguish for example fear, illness, grief and war. Metaphysical evil refers to such things as imperfection and chance for instance criminals going unpunished and deformities. But how does this problem get solved by a belief in the life after death. The problem of evil comes about because of certain qualities that religious people believe God to have. A religious believer would not want to deny God of being Omni benevolent, omnipotent and omniscient. To say that there is evil in the world is to doubt that God is Omni benevolent; omnipotent and omniscient as God create the world. Irenaeus proposed that God did not create a perfect world. He chose not to create a perfect world because he knew we had to choose to do good in order to become a flawless human being. ...read more.


When we die a replica body will be created and our personality would be transferred to that body. The replica would have memories of dying. The only difference would be that the replica would have new experiences of what will happen. We will have memory and psychological continuation, not physical continuation. For this to happen there must be a minimum of two worlds. The universal conscious God sees both. I only see one, the one I am in. There could be more than two worlds. John Hick also goes onto say that we are all recreated in heaven and hell. If we are good we will go to heaven and if we are bad then we will go to hell. John Hick shares a similar view to the Christian View. Christians believe that there is a heaven and hell. When we die Christians believe that there will be a judgment. In this, everyone's life will be evaluated. We will either go to heaven or hell. Hell, in Christian beliefs is a place in which the soul suffers the consequences of sin. Hell is defined as the place or state of punishment. Christianity views hell as a place of eternal torment. Hell is for those who have been bad in this life. Heaven is the opposite of hell. ...read more.


You will learn from you mistakes and will try achieving goodness in the next life. For Irenaeus, us, ourselves will eventual solve the problem of evil, therefore a life after death will not solve the problem of evil. We just live in an imperfect world that we will have to work towards making a perfect world. A belief in the life after death can solve the problem of evil in some ways because people who believe in a life after death will know that they will have been good in this life in order to be rewarded in the next life. The better they are in this life the better the reward. This therefore means that the person will have to commit little evil in order to get the rewards. This will consequently mean that evil will be reduced. Also Christianity will solve the problem of evil because Christians believe in heaven and hell. If you are good in this life you will have a good after life. If you are bad in this life you will be punished and sent to hell in the after life. The idea of heaven and hell also solves the problem of evil for John Hick as he also believes that you are recreated in heaven and hell. Richard Dawkins said that there is no God and therefore there is no problem. This is the world. We should help the world and create a stronger world. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Compare and contrast arguments for and against belief in life after death.

    Human beings have a soul or self that is capable of intellectual life. Only humans can reflect on feelings and sensations and grasp 'universals'. In this way we come to understand eternal truths and in doing so we move on to achieve a higher level of existence.

  2. The Goodness of God

    However, many people object that there is too much evil in the world and that the benefits humans gain from free will are not worth the horrors of Nazi Germany. For example the Russian novelist Dostoyevsky, in The Brothers Karamazov, lists the various horrific things that happen to innocent children

  1. An embodied life in heaven is entirely possible. Discuss.

    The belief in the resurrection of the soul is the idea that the immortal soul leaves the body and goes to God, who either accepts or rejects the soul. In this essay I will examine different theories of an embodied afterlife and attempt to evaluate these with reference to other material.

  2. problem of evil

    An example of the problem being used in this way is in Hume's combat of Thomas Aquinas' Design Argument (Summa Thelogica) where he labels the Problem of Evil as 'The Rock of Atheism'. However, whilst being a problem for theists in that it challenges the nature of God, it also poses problems in other ways.

  1. Problem of evil

    It is more likely that there is no such God than there is considering this 4) Therefore, an omnipotent, omnibenevolent God does not exist However we are limited in time and space to know whether an action is going aid someone or something, like a chess-novice playing with a chess-master,

  2. The Concept of Life After Death is Incoherent - Discuss.

    The next major problem that we may encounter whilst arguing for life after death is what exactly happens after death? if our disembodied soul arrives in the after life there is no way that we know where or what that is, this only means that there is no firm evidence for anyone to give on life after death.

  1. Conscience is innate. Discuss

    able to reason and distinguish between right and wrong and that there were two parts to making a good, moral decision. The Synderesis Rule is an innate ?right reason? that gives us knowledge of the basic principles of morality e.g.

  2. discuss the claim that any belief in life after death is a theodicy in ...

    So at the end of time we will know if we will know if suffering is justified if life after death is proven. Resurrection is open to serious criticisms which if true would weaken its success as a theodicy. The idea that in a future life we will retain our current physical bodies raises a number of issues.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work