• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'A belief in the life after death solves the problem of evil' Discuss

Extracts from this document...


'A belief in the life after death solves the problem of evil' Discuss The word evil has a broad definition. There are two main types of evil; Moral evil and Natural evil. Moral evil covers the willful acts of human beings such as murder and rape. Natural evil refers to natural disasters such as famines and floods. We can divide these two types further into another two types of evil; Physical evil and metaphysical evil. Physical evil means bodily pain or mental anguish for example fear, illness, grief and war. Metaphysical evil refers to such things as imperfection and chance for instance criminals going unpunished and deformities. But how does this problem get solved by a belief in the life after death. The problem of evil comes about because of certain qualities that religious people believe God to have. A religious believer would not want to deny God of being Omni benevolent, omnipotent and omniscient. To say that there is evil in the world is to doubt that God is Omni benevolent; omnipotent and omniscient as God create the world. Irenaeus proposed that God did not create a perfect world. He chose not to create a perfect world because he knew we had to choose to do good in order to become a flawless human being. ...read more.


When we die a replica body will be created and our personality would be transferred to that body. The replica would have memories of dying. The only difference would be that the replica would have new experiences of what will happen. We will have memory and psychological continuation, not physical continuation. For this to happen there must be a minimum of two worlds. The universal conscious God sees both. I only see one, the one I am in. There could be more than two worlds. John Hick also goes onto say that we are all recreated in heaven and hell. If we are good we will go to heaven and if we are bad then we will go to hell. John Hick shares a similar view to the Christian View. Christians believe that there is a heaven and hell. When we die Christians believe that there will be a judgment. In this, everyone's life will be evaluated. We will either go to heaven or hell. Hell, in Christian beliefs is a place in which the soul suffers the consequences of sin. Hell is defined as the place or state of punishment. Christianity views hell as a place of eternal torment. Hell is for those who have been bad in this life. Heaven is the opposite of hell. ...read more.


You will learn from you mistakes and will try achieving goodness in the next life. For Irenaeus, us, ourselves will eventual solve the problem of evil, therefore a life after death will not solve the problem of evil. We just live in an imperfect world that we will have to work towards making a perfect world. A belief in the life after death can solve the problem of evil in some ways because people who believe in a life after death will know that they will have been good in this life in order to be rewarded in the next life. The better they are in this life the better the reward. This therefore means that the person will have to commit little evil in order to get the rewards. This will consequently mean that evil will be reduced. Also Christianity will solve the problem of evil because Christians believe in heaven and hell. If you are good in this life you will have a good after life. If you are bad in this life you will be punished and sent to hell in the after life. The idea of heaven and hell also solves the problem of evil for John Hick as he also believes that you are recreated in heaven and hell. Richard Dawkins said that there is no God and therefore there is no problem. This is the world. We should help the world and create a stronger world. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Science Solves All The Problems About Where We Come From Discuss

    He feels that if only this 40% was exposed to the evidence for evolution, then they couldn't possible believe this. Although some people would argue that evolution seems almost incapable to create humanity in such a short time span, Dawkins claims that "dogs and cabbages and pigs and cows have

  2. 'God is omniscient so therefore we cannot have free will(TM) Discuss.

    If conditioning is true, an omniscient God would know and therefore we would not be held responsible for anything bad that we did.

  1. Examine the key concepts associated with two of the following: Immortality of the ...

    Resurrection also delivers benefits for those who believe in it, thus making it credible to a large extent. It has a basis in tradition and is supported by evidence from Sacred Scripture, while it is also fair and encourages morality.

  2. discuss the claim that any belief in life after death is a theodicy in ...

    So at the end of time we will know if we will know if suffering is justified if life after death is proven. Resurrection is open to serious criticisms which if true would weaken its success as a theodicy. The idea that in a future life we will retain our current physical bodies raises a number of issues.

  1. The existence of evil makes belief in God impossible. Assess this view.

    So it seems that believers have to give up one of the attributes of all loving, knowing or powerful, as it is undeniably true that evil is prevalent throughout the world.

  2. Conscience is innate. Discuss

    For example, realising that the good thing to do would be to help the old woman across the road and then carrying out the action. However, Aquinas did not believe that the actions of the conscience were always correct due to a mistake in reasoning.

  1. The Concept of Life After Death is Incoherent - Discuss.

    The idea of disembodiment in this day with the science we have seems to be outdated, there are genes which have been identified in our DNA to give us certain characteristics so the idea of a soul that makes us who we are can seem inconceivable.

  2. What makes a person valuable?

    Furthermore, those who disagree with consciousness defining a person can also argue that a baby has no consciousness as they have no awareness or rational thoughts about certain situations, they don?t know what is right or wrong as they don?t understand much, but does this make them less of a person?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work