• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A coherent account of Plato's concept of the body/soul distinction.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Scott Bissett L6Du A] Give a coherent account of Plato's concept of the body/soul distinction. B] Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of Plato's Dualism. A: Plato believed that humans could be broken down into 3 parts: the body, the mind and the soul. The body is the physical part of the body that is only concerned with the material world, and through which we are able to experience the world we live in. it wants to experience self-gratification. It is mortal, and when it dies, it is truly dead. The mind is directed towards the heavenly realm of Ideas, and is immortal. It is with our minds that we are able to understand the eternal world of the Forms. ...read more.

Middle

B: Plato's dualism was a combination of the key ideas from both Materialism and Idealism. His theory that we had both a physical body, and a soul/mind and that the soul/mind is a thinking being, complete in itself, and capable of living without the body. A strength of Plato's Dualism is that it says there is more to living than just what we are always aware of, as just because the physical world seems hard, there are other ways of living. Another strength is that he doesn't deny the existence of the physical world as an idealist might, but just says that the physical world isn't as importance, that we should be seeking to understand the world of Forms. ...read more.

Conclusion

Modern neuroscience can show the dependence of the mind on the soul empirically, which Plato's theory of a simple immortal soul cannot be verified. If, as Plato claims, the mind is a non-material body that cannot affect the body, then there is no explanation for why footballers chase after a ball. The body has no reason to do this, except that it is told to do so by the mind. The body is not entirely dependant on the mind, as after death the body can continue to work for a few seconds, until the muscles etc stop receiving electrical impulses. Plato says that a person's mind is what creates their identity, however people recognise each other by their body, not by their mind. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Theories of the resurrection of the body are logically coherent.

    4 star(s)

    Hick's theory avoids disrupting personal continuity and is, generally speaking, coherent as a whole. However, I would strongly argue against it on the basis that it depends on far too many hypothetical preconditions, such as: that God exists, that there can be another world, and, more importantly, given that such

  2. Body soul destinction

    Therefore Hick suggests that there must be some kind of replica. This replica is the same person however, whilst they cannot exist at the same time. According to Hick at the same time that when a person dies a replica of them is created by God.

  1. Plato & The Soul

    In book four, Plato introduces the idea of a tripartite soul based on the idea of singular opposites. As aforementioned, Plato argued that no single entity can have conflicting and opposite states assigned to a single part of it. To desire and to be averse are two conflicting and opposite

  2. Why does the mind and body problem still exist?

    This is known as the "computational model of mind". This view was attacked by John Searle in his well known 'Chinese room' thought experiment, his argument is that with suitable programming instructions it would be possible for the correct answers to be given to the questions without the person who

  1. Theories of Resurrection of the body are logically coherent - Discuss

    Hick explains this in his Replica Theory, where he talks about how God makes it possible for people to be 'replicated' on a parallel universe. Hick talks about how the instantaneous replication would be different from simply being transported from London to New York, he says all the individuals would

  2. The Concept of Life After Death is Incoherent - Discuss.

    Does it contain any experimental reasoning, concerning matter of fact or existence? No. Commit it to the flames: for it can contain nothing but sophistry and illusion. - Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. There is obviously no internal logic in such an argument about life after death and

  1. Give an account of the teachings of materialism and dualism with regard to life ...

    To quote Philip Pecorino, ?There have been numerous examples of people who have had their basic behaviour change as a result of

  2. Explain the fundamental ideas of resurrection and immortality of the soul. (18)

    appears in another world known as a resurrection world created by God. This symbolises how resurrection is possible and also supports Carrier?s idea of God giving us a new body since God created this resurrection world and within it John Smith?s replica.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work