• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A coherent account of Plato's concept of the body/soul distinction.

Extracts from this document...


Scott Bissett L6Du A] Give a coherent account of Plato's concept of the body/soul distinction. B] Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of Plato's Dualism. A: Plato believed that humans could be broken down into 3 parts: the body, the mind and the soul. The body is the physical part of the body that is only concerned with the material world, and through which we are able to experience the world we live in. it wants to experience self-gratification. It is mortal, and when it dies, it is truly dead. The mind is directed towards the heavenly realm of Ideas, and is immortal. It is with our minds that we are able to understand the eternal world of the Forms. ...read more.


B: Plato's dualism was a combination of the key ideas from both Materialism and Idealism. His theory that we had both a physical body, and a soul/mind and that the soul/mind is a thinking being, complete in itself, and capable of living without the body. A strength of Plato's Dualism is that it says there is more to living than just what we are always aware of, as just because the physical world seems hard, there are other ways of living. Another strength is that he doesn't deny the existence of the physical world as an idealist might, but just says that the physical world isn't as importance, that we should be seeking to understand the world of Forms. ...read more.


Modern neuroscience can show the dependence of the mind on the soul empirically, which Plato's theory of a simple immortal soul cannot be verified. If, as Plato claims, the mind is a non-material body that cannot affect the body, then there is no explanation for why footballers chase after a ball. The body has no reason to do this, except that it is told to do so by the mind. The body is not entirely dependant on the mind, as after death the body can continue to work for a few seconds, until the muscles etc stop receiving electrical impulses. Plato says that a person's mind is what creates their identity, however people recognise each other by their body, not by their mind. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Theories of the resurrection of the body are logically coherent.

    4 star(s)

    Hick argues for the resurrection of the body from a metaphysical angle. He believes that at your death God creates an exact replica of you with the same physical and mental characteristics. This replica goes on to live in a 'different space' that only God can observe.

  2. Theories of Resurrection of the body are logically coherent - Discuss

    believed that the soul is eternal and can be seen to be 'imprisoned' in the body. Plato believed that the soul recalled knowledge from the realm of the Forms, and our duty in life is to become 'philosopher kings' and separate our soul - this follows his idea of escaping from the cave.

  1. Body soul destinction

    Therefore Hick suggests that there must be some kind of replica. This replica is the same person however, whilst they cannot exist at the same time. According to Hick at the same time that when a person dies a replica of them is created by God.

  2. Evaluate plato and aristotle on well being

    is not saying one needs to be rich to happy, rather that there needs to be a absence of extreme poverty; the view that it is hard to be happy when starving. This is in direct contradiction with Plato's teachings and is blatantly outlined in the story of the ring of Gyges.

  1. Plato’s concept of the body and the soul.

    of Appearances' it gets glimpses of the metaphysical world in which it used to live. Gradually, it will become unhappy with the world in which it is living and will yearn to return to the 'world of Forms'.

  2. Plato Questions - Concept of the Soul

    Plato divided the soul into three parts: the appetitive part, the spirited or emotional part, and the intellectual part. The appetitive part seeks the fulfillment of various bodily pleasures such as food, drink, sex, etc.

  1. Why does the mind and body problem still exist?

    Functionalism is similar to behaviourism but differs from it in allowing the existence of mental states. From a functionalists viewpoint consciousness and intelligence is a matter of the patterns and structures that are formed by complex physical processes, such as can go on in a brain or a computer memory.

  2. The Concept of Life After Death is Incoherent - Discuss.

    Hick criticises this in saying that there is an inconsistency between saying that our mental world after death is created by our desires and that the world is shared, it would be quite obvious that there would be conflicting desires from each mind thus creating a different world for each of us.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work