• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

a) Compare and contrast deontological and teleological approaches to ethics. b) Compare and contrast rule and act utilitarianism c) Compare and contrast rule utilitarianism and Kantian theory.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Option B: a) Compare and contrast deontological and teleological approaches to ethics. b) Compare and contrast rule and act utilitarianism c) Compare and contrast rule utilitarianism and Kantian theory. Please apply the theory objectively to your experience to support your thorough critical analysis of both ethical theories Ethics is the objective of many studying which deals with how man acts properly. This answers the question ? what do I do? that distinguishes right and wrong actions. Many philosophers, approaching the problems in different ways, just want to understand the nature and the meaning of its basic concepts. In this essay, two different approaches to ethics will be discussed: deontological and teleological approaches. ...read more.

Middle

Two most important consequentialist theories are egoism and utilitarianism. By contrast, non-consequentialist (or deontological) theories determine that right and wrong action is different in more than the consequences of them. Formalism and religion are two deontological theories. In both approaches, consequences are morally significant, but deontological theory believes that there are also other factors which relevant to moral assessment of an action. The focus of teleological approach is based on the outcome of decision: ethical or unethical while deontological approach emphasis on intrinsically right like truth telling or promise keeping (Maclagan, 1998, p.26). In dialogical approach, the importance when judging whether an action is moral or not is the motive and intent of the actor. ...read more.

Conclusion

Rule and act utilitarianism Utilitarianism is approached in two different forms: rule utilitarianism and act utilitarianism. In act utilitarianism, only the basic utility derived from the action is considered. In rule utilitarianism, one judge of an action is referred to its precedent and long-term utility by the rule set by the action. For example, act utilitarianism might support stealing food when someone is too hungry and have nothing to eat because the utility of survival is outweigh the loss of store?s owner while rule utilitarianism would be approached with the effect of that action to behavior. Rule utilitarianism will concern the long-term effect of utility; in here is the effect to rule or harm if the action is repeated in similar circumstance. ________________ REFERENCE LIST Maclagan, P. (1998). Management and Morality. London: Sage Publications. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Situation ethics

    3 star(s)

    that the person does not have to justify their action if they feel it resulted in the most amount of love. B) To what extent do these criticisms weaken this theory? (9) Situation Ethics was criticised by several people including Barclay and Pope Puis XII for being too individualistic as

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how moral decisions should be made according to: Act and Rule utilitarianism

    3 star(s)

    The hedonic calculus had seven factors that we needed to consider. The intensity of the pleasure or pain; the duration of the pleasure or pain; the certainty, which is how likely it to cause the pain or pleasure is. The propinquity or remoteness, the distant of the pleasure or pain.

  1. Explain the difference between Act and rule utilitarianism

    as the charity would help a lot of people, and the least amount of pain as they would not be able to have money to go to the cinema, however over the next following weeks the people may be going cinema and keep having to give to charity as they

  2. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the teleological, deontological and hybrid systems of ethics ...

    system to the situation because any action is good as long as it is loving, thus taking away the complexities of the decision and benefiting the majority in the end, as clearly the most loving decision would be to make sure the majoirty of people are benefitted.

  1. Explain the main differences between Act and Rule Utilitarianism

    He regarded Utilitarianism as an important but flawed approach to ethics. While Bentham had regarded all pleasures as 'commensurate' (they are all equal or equivalent), Mill distinguished between 'higher' and 'lower' pleasures. Higher pleasures would be those which engaged the mind (e.g.

  2. Plato's Theory of Forms

    God, as a perfect being, beyond space and time, eternal and unchanging, the source of all goodness and the proper focus of all thought and pursuits. The theory is not very convincing as the realm of the forms is meant to be the perfect world, but Plato said that we

  1. Compare and Contrast the Philisophical Contributions of Nietzsche and Mill to our understanding of ...

    has similarities with Freud in that he thinks religion is a 'neurosis' or mental illness. "Wherever the religious neurosis has appeared on earth we find it tied to three dangerous dietary prescriptions: solitude, fasting and sexual abstinence." So for Nietzsche, being a Christian, means denying ones desires, it means self

  2. Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is an unfair system of ethics which could not work in the ...

    keep them enslaved, because of the benefits that this would give to the majority. Act utilitarianism, therefore, moves from specific cases to general principles whilst rule utilitarianism moves in the opposite direction and it was Jeremy Bentham who first fully articulated the theory of utilitarianism.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work