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a) Compare and contrast deontological and teleological approaches to ethics. b) Compare and contrast rule and act utilitarianism c) Compare and contrast rule utilitarianism and Kantian theory.

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Introduction

´╗┐Option B: a) Compare and contrast deontological and teleological approaches to ethics. b) Compare and contrast rule and act utilitarianism c) Compare and contrast rule utilitarianism and Kantian theory. Please apply the theory objectively to your experience to support your thorough critical analysis of both ethical theories Ethics is the objective of many studying which deals with how man acts properly. This answers the question ? what do I do? that distinguishes right and wrong actions. Many philosophers, approaching the problems in different ways, just want to understand the nature and the meaning of its basic concepts. In this essay, two different approaches to ethics will be discussed: deontological and teleological approaches. ...read more.

Middle

Two most important consequentialist theories are egoism and utilitarianism. By contrast, non-consequentialist (or deontological) theories determine that right and wrong action is different in more than the consequences of them. Formalism and religion are two deontological theories. In both approaches, consequences are morally significant, but deontological theory believes that there are also other factors which relevant to moral assessment of an action. The focus of teleological approach is based on the outcome of decision: ethical or unethical while deontological approach emphasis on intrinsically right like truth telling or promise keeping (Maclagan, 1998, p.26). In dialogical approach, the importance when judging whether an action is moral or not is the motive and intent of the actor. ...read more.

Conclusion

Rule and act utilitarianism Utilitarianism is approached in two different forms: rule utilitarianism and act utilitarianism. In act utilitarianism, only the basic utility derived from the action is considered. In rule utilitarianism, one judge of an action is referred to its precedent and long-term utility by the rule set by the action. For example, act utilitarianism might support stealing food when someone is too hungry and have nothing to eat because the utility of survival is outweigh the loss of store?s owner while rule utilitarianism would be approached with the effect of that action to behavior. Rule utilitarianism will concern the long-term effect of utility; in here is the effect to rule or harm if the action is repeated in similar circumstance. ________________ REFERENCE LIST Maclagan, P. (1998). Management and Morality. London: Sage Publications. ...read more.

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