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A knower would say "I know" if it has a higher probability of being more certain that "I believe". In this paper, I will explore the types of knowledge, gained through reason, and how they

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Introduction

Although sometimes the words 'know' and 'believe' are used interchangeably, they are very different. A knower would say "I know" if it has a higher probability of being more certain that "I believe". In this paper, I will explore the types of knowledge, gained through reason, and how they differ with beliefs. One's beliefs can also be described as one's personal ideas or faiths, not distinguishable of right and wrong. Beliefs are not certain, and it is not supported by sufficient evidence. In other words, it contains the element of doubt, unlike knowledge. For example, when I say that "I believe it will snow tomorrow", it is not the same as it will snow tomorrow, because it might. This becomes a very significant difference, changing the entire tone of the statement and thus making the statement appear weak and less trustworthy. Belief is a personal instinct, based on each person's individual emotions. Therefore, there is no right or wrong in a personal belief. In the previous example, if there were snow on the next day, the knower can be said to have a strong instinct. It was just simply a presumption, not based on any real evidence. However, if there were no snow, the statement could not have been considered incorrect because it was not certain to begin with and by adding "I believe" demonstrates the possibility that snow would not fall. ...read more.

Middle

Everyone in that class share the same rudimentary knowledge. Knowledge, unlike belief, is distinguishable of right and wrong. In the example with the snow, if I say, "I know it will snow tomorrow", it presents two possibilities. The possibility that I am right, that it snows tomorrow or the other possibility that I am wrong, and it will not snow tomorrow. Because knowledge can be differentiated between right and wrong, it is possible to gain knowledge from sharing. If others were to tell me something, it would add to my knowledge. From this, everyone can become more knowledgeable. Knowledge can be broken down into two components, perceptual knowledge and analytical knowledge. Perceptual knowledge is strictly automatic and it deals with our senses - see, feel, touch, smell, and taste. With your sense perceptions, you can use reason and thus obtain basic knowledge. For example, I know that the grass is green because I see it or I know that I am cold because I feel it. This type of personal knowledge is more justified than belief because it is from experience, and based on reasoning. A clear distinction should be made between experience and knowledge. Even though knowledge can be obtained from experience, not all knowledge has to be based on experience. ...read more.

Conclusion

An example of syllogism is if all men are liars, and Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is a liar. However, the truth of this statement depends on the word "if". Only if all men were liars would then Socrates be a liar. This is using reasoning to attain knowledge, of the potential fact that Socrates is a liar. If there is sufficient evidence, or enough reason, to support this, then this must be justified. For example, if Socrates has lied in the past, this provides the confirmation that Socrates is a liar. This type of knowledge described is factual prepositional knowledge; it is to know that something is what it is. The two distinctive types of knowledge are both based on the use of reason instead of personal emotion. Certain people have very defined view in which they are emotionally committed. They know that their personal view is the absolute truth, thus view everything else with a closed mind. However, emotions bias our perception, and the knower should keep an open mind for reasoned arguments. However, there are always exceptions in which we should use our mind to judge the morals to feel sympathetic, for example, and therefore use emotion over reason. In order to make the most rational decision, the knower should take into consideration the situation and use a balance of reason and emotion. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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