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Abosolute and Relative morality

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Introduction

Absolute & Relative Morality In order to discuss the differences between the two and their strengths and weaknesses in conjunction with cultural relativism, we first must determine what they are. An absolutist would say that a rule, prohibition or command is the same for all time, no matter the situation or time. They have the belief that if it is wrong from an objective point of view; and not from yours or mine. They say that immoral acts or intrinsically wrong, which means they are wrong within themselves, the situation and outcome of said situation is irrelevant; an act is wrong if it breaks a moral rule. A relativist approach is that no two situations are the same, and that a persons choice is related the unique set of circumstances set out in their lives; and it ...read more.

Middle

From this perspective the judicial system is undoubtedly relative. However this is where the absolute beliefs come into play when considering the judicial system, the beliefs of a relative is that it is pointless to find moral rules is contradicted; this is because we know the law and what we can do by the law. Kant says that we should act according to maxims that we would want to see as universal laws. These laws are absolutist, we can work them out logically prior to experience; they are not verified through experience; otherwise known as 'a priori'. In a case of an abortion debate, if the question 'is it right to abort a foetus' arises. An absolutist would say categorically yes or categorically no. ...read more.

Conclusion

From my understanding so far cultural relativism (developed by Franz Boas) is the principle that an individual's human beliefs and activities should be understood in their own culture. Basically, no matter what your own personal beliefs are you should accept the fact that others have made decisions that may conflict with your own beliefs. Cultural Relativism fits almost perfectly in today's society. We live in a multi-cultural society and we are surround by people of other philosophies, religion and beliefs. We may not notice it on a conscious level but everyday we are living the cultural Relativism by letting people have their own beliefs that affect them personally. This is not true however for some certain things like politics; where people will force theirs beliefs and undermine the beliefs of others as they think it is for the greater good. Sean Tomlinson. Ethics. Ms. N. Mckenna ...read more.

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