• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

animal experimentation

Extracts from this document...


Examine and consider religious and ethical responses to animal experimentation One philosopher that strongly is against animal testing is Peter Singer; he became involved after studying the work of Jeremy Bentham. He is most famously known for his book named animal liberation which states that The Institute of national health spent over $11 million on experiments that involved direct manipulation of the brain, over $5 million on experiments that studied the effects drugs have on behaviour, almost $3 million on learning and memory experiments, and over $2 million on experiments involving sleep deprivation, stress, fear, and anxiety. This government agency spent more than $30 million dollars on animal experiments in one year. This surely arises the question of how can these things happen? How can people who are not sadists spend their working days driving monkeys into lifelong depression, heating dogs to death, or turning cats into drug addicts? How can they then remove their white coats, wash their hands, and go home to dinner with their families? How can taxpayers allow their money to be used to support these experiments? (Singer, 1975). The simple answer to this question is we tolerate cruelties inflicted on members of other species that would outrage us if performed on members of our own species Jeremy Bentham also shares similar view on animal testing as Singer, Bentham is regarded to many as the first major scholar of animal testing and argued that the pain that animals feel is similar to the pain we as humans feel. ...read more.


from Allah. However the Q'uran also goes on to say Man can make use of the flesh, skin, feathers, and bones of animals (Al-An`aam 6:143). As the animals have been created for the service of man they must be utilized in the name of God. Man should thank God for the permission to utilise animals by making humans slaughter the animals in the correct way after praying to God. Mankind should remember that the earth belongs to all living creatures: And He has set out the earth for all creatures (Ar-Rahman 55:10;). Muslims feel Human responsibility to animal beings is to feed them, maintain them, and use them in suitable ways with kindness. All creation, living and non-living, participates in the divine eternal plan and, therefore, merit appropriate care and attention from the humans who are commissioned to tend it. This means that animal testing would not be accepted in Islam as they need to treat all of Gods creations with kindness. V.A. Mohamad Ashrof an Islamic pliosopher states that we live in a world inhabited not only by humans but also by countless other creatures that share the world with us. Animals provide resources and services that we use. They form part of the life-support system of the earth on which all life depends. Every kind of thing is produced on the earth in due balance and measure, basically by conducting animal tests we are upsetting the balance of the earth set by God and intervening in his divine plan. ...read more.


shows how animals are in our care and we should not use animals inappropriately, the weakest argument would from PETA as they are protesting about the use of animal testing while being hypercritical by saying that is impossible to live without products linked with animal testing. I also favour the utilitarian approach to animal testing as it takes sensible decisions for example if using 10 pigs and possibly killing a thousand pigs creates a cure for HIV it is the right thing to do as it will benefit a third of the worlds population. I feel that overall the Pros for Animal experiment heavily overweigh the cons both from a religious and secular point of view. In order for the human race to continue their needs to be sacrifices and animals are one of these, it makes sense that if millions of animals are being slaughtered across the world for food and skin it provides a valid excuse to use them in experiments that benefit the human race. I would rather work for a ban on animals being used as meat and fur that for animal experimentation as we can have alternative food but there is no alternative especially for medical science that can provide the accuracy than animal testing provides. This decisioin was based after examining and considering ethical responses from secular and non secular views drawing up the image that human structure, rights, values and emotions are far more perplex than those of an animal. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. Consider the arguments for and against paid organ donation.

    There are some religions with views against general organ transplantation. Jehovah's Witnesses and Gypsies in particular are against organ transplantation, with Gypsies believing that in their after-life, their soul maintains a physical shape which must remain in tact. Jehovah's Witnesses do not agree with blood transfusion, having interpreted "keep abstaining

  2. Utilitarianism.After Bentham had established that pleasure and pain were the important factors in determining ...

    The first critique that I want to look at is the criticism made against Bentham's idea of one pleasure; the critique was not originally against Bentham it was against Epicurus the philosopher of hedonism, but Mill described the critique against Bentham as, "To suppose that life has...

  1. Evaluate Korsgaard's discussion of the Universalizability Argument. In what ways does she conform with ...

    the complex notions of the need for the universalizability and categorical imperative. Second, her accounts of explaining a moral theory founded on the main considerations of the elements in Pufendorf's and Hobbes' voluntarism, Clarke's realism, and Hume's, Williams', and Mill's reflective endorsement.

  2. Xenotransplantation - An Ethical Alternative to Donor Organ Transplantation?

    The impact of this would be particularly crucial if specific endangered primate species are utilised to meet the human demand for organs. The non-human primates, such as baboons, chimpanzees, monkeys, etc. are not available in large numbers. Their breeding is costly and their continued existence is endangered.

  1. The 21st century has raised more problems for equality than it has solved. Examine ...

    Civil partnerships have become legal in England and Wales since 2005, showing that as time has passed, more people are beginning to accept homosexuality into society and equal rights are seen to have be acknowledged. However, despite these laws, some people still go against homosexuality and in some respects these

  2. Humans are Eternal Beings

    The soul belongs to a higher level of reality than the body, and is a substance, is immortal, and it remembers its life in the spiritual realm, where you gain innate knowledge. Plato has a theory of forms to explain his views on knowledge.

  1. animal experimentation

    Russell and microbiologist Rex L. Burch published "The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique", in which they put forth the 'three Rs of animal research * Replacement - use alternative methods, e.g. testing on cell cultures (in vitro) * Reduction - use statistics to reduce the number of animals that

  2. Modern life-prolonging technologies have sharpened some ancient dilemmas on the value of life.

    to choose life over all nonlife values. The equality condition makes it impossible to choose among lives when tragic scarcity of resources makes choice necessary. SL proponents may disagree on whether these conditions permit preventive killing, as in self-defense or to save a greater number of lives.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work