• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

animal experimentation

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

EXAMINE AND CONSIDER RELIGIOUS AND ETHICAL RESPONSES TO ANIMAL EXPERMINATATIONS In this Essay I will be examining and considering religious and ethical responses to animal experimentation reviewing whether the argument for or against outweighs the other. One of the questions facing society today is whether animals should be used in scientific experimentation. Animal experimentation is widely used to develop a range of medicines and to test the safety of them and other products. But many of theses experiments cause pain and suffering upon animals and some end up with a reduced quality of life. If it is morally wrong to cause animals to suffer then experimenting on animals produces serious moral problems. Animal experimenters are very aware of this ethical problem and acknowledge that experiments should be made as humane as possible. They also agree that it's wrong to use animals if alternative testing methods would produce equally valid results. More than 2.7 million live animal experiments were authorised in Great Britain in 2002 is this ethically and religiously moral? The number of testing on animals has halved in the last 30 years as the laws and restrictions have become tighter, the British law requires that any new drug that has been produced must be tested on at least two different species of live mammal. One must be a large non-rodent however UK regulations are considered some of the most rigorous in the world and the Latest figures show Animal experimentation is up overall by 3.2% to 12.1 million in 2005. This is despite European Commission and member state's individual promises to reduce and replace the use of animals in experiments. ...read more.

Middle

However, for our discussion on animals it is important to understand that the animals are to be used by men for our needs. In Genesis 1:26-27 it says that Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground." So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them In Genesis 9 there is a change between man and animal. Up until this point in history animals were not used as food. However, God now puts certain animals in the diet of mankind. God also puts fear into the animals, so that they fear mankind. Again animals are used as to fill the needs of men. However, God continues His command in verse 2 to watch over these animals. One of the most important names in respect of animal Rights and Christianity is Peter Singer who wrote the book animal liberations starts of by noting that, for some, the idea of Animal Liberation might seem like a joke, or parody of other "proper" liberation and freedom movements. This is similar to the way that Andrew Linzey begins Animal Theology - by saying that some people would seriously question the idea of an animal theology. Peter Singer therefore begins this work with an examination of the case for the equality of women. ...read more.

Conclusion

Christian philosopher Andrew Linzey feels that Animals should have some rights because of their status as creatures of God. Their position comes from their position of vulnerability. He believes one fundamental Christian principle of the duty of the strong to help the weak, as animals do not have a chocie wheather to participate in animal testing I would regard them as weak, in order to be a good Christian it would make sense to protect the weak and claim an end to animal testing. (Linzey, 1990) For my conclusion in my opinion I feel that overall the Pros for Animal experiment heavily overweigh the cons both from a religious and secular point of view. In order for the human race to continue their needs to be sacrifices and animals are one of these, it makes sense that if millions of animals are being slaughtered across the world for food and skin it provides a valid excuse to use them in experiments that benefit the human race. I would rather work for a ban on animals being used as meat and fur that for animal experimentation as we can have alternative food but there is no alternative especially for medical science that can provide the accuracy than animal testing provides. This decisioin was based after examining and considering ethical responses from secular and non secular views drawing up the image that human structure, rights, values and emotions are far more perplex than those of an animal. Books I have used www.defra.gov.uk Internet forum, 2008 http://www.peta.org/ 1. The bible 2. Animal Liberation by Peter Singer 1975 3. Animal Rights and Wrongs by Roger Scruton 1997 4. Animal Theology by Andrew Linzey 1994 5. The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique", 6. The Case for Animal Rights ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. Consider the arguments for and against paid organ donation.

    from blood2" in the Bible to mean that blood transfusion between humans is wrong. If some religions mean particular people cannot participate in organ transplants, it would be unfair to offer the option of this money to some of society and not others for a religious belief that they hold.

  2. Examine the differences in ethical and Christian views concerning homosexuality

    He questions why people think they have the right to deny some human beings of their right to be homosexual and happy at the same time. However, Lord Devlin challenged this. He stated in his lecture on the reinforcement of morals, that homosexuality could damage our society's status and that allowing homosexuality to exist legally could jeopardize this.

  1. 'Euthanasia should be legalised. Agree or Disagree?'

    on the sick, the elderly and the disabled. However, Glover (1977) says that this argument is unconvincing and thus rejects it, whilst Helga Kuhse (1991) has observed that this has not happened in the Netherlands, where voluntary euthanasia is legal. It is further argued that its' negative effects on the community might include the damage of the care of patients who are dying.

  2. Utilitarianism.After Bentham had established that pleasure and pain were the important factors in determining ...

    that the most important thing was that the well-being of the individual were satisfied. To over come this problem Mill decided to focus on the Quality of pleasure and not the just the quantity. He made a system of higher and lower pleasures, "it is better to be a human

  1. The 21st century has raised more problems for equality than it has solved. Examine ...

    The Western culture has progressively legalised private homosexual acts between consenting adults. In the United Kingdom, the Sexual Offences Act 1967 decriminalised private sexual acts between men 21 years and over in England and Wales. In these same countries, consent to buggery and certain other homosexual acts was then reduced to 16, in the year 2001.

  2. animal experimentation

    (Bentham, 2005) However in contrast to the views of Bentham and Singer many people feel that animal testing is the right way forward as it provides many benefits for the human race. Most medical advances such as vaccines against diseases like rabies, polio, measles, mumps, rubella and TB and antibiotics

  1. Examine and comment on Christian beliefs about homosexuality

    But, since the Church still regards the main purpose of sex to be procreation, they insist that any sexual act must be open to conception in order to be ethical. On this basis, they do not condone the use of artificial methods of birth control, and consider any sexual behaviour

  2. The Ethical Debate Concerning Cloning.

    the question: Just because it can be done, should it be done? There does not seem to be a clear-cut answer. In terms of benefits to humans, clones could provide children for those who cannot have one of their own, or assistance as donors for a genetic twin who has a life threatening disease.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work