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Aristotle's four causes

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Introduction

´╗┐Aristotle?s four causes. This theory was implemented as a way to explain the reason behind why objects exist. The final cause is also linked to the prime move, which is an explanation as to how the world started and what our final cause is. In this explanation, we will use the example of a marble statue in order to reflect the causes. The first cause is The Material Cause. This asks the question, what is the object made of. In the example of the state, it is made of marble. As all materials can change, this particular cause represents change in the way that all materials have potential, they can change, and so, like our world, the materials can change in the same way that an objet can. ...read more.

Middle

The big bang? God? This will later be discussed. The third cause is the Formal Cause. This asks what are the characteristics of the object. In the example of the statue, it is hard, inanimate and looks like a statue. Aristotle believed that, unlike Plato, you had to experience things in order to reason why thing exist. Furthermore, he believed that we distinguish things by their characteristics, then in our minds we sort them into the correct category to which they fit. The fourth, and most important, cause is the Final Cause. This asks what the purpose of the object is. In the case of the statue, the purpose is to be decorative and resemble another object or person. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is thought to be the beginning of the change of reactions that led to the creation of our world and the changes that occur, much like a domino effect. The Prime Mover is sometimes linked to God, as it is thought to be something that never changes and the only actual, unchanging and perfect thing in existence. It is also thought to be eternal, like God, and Aristotle believed that everything eternal must be good as all things that change are bad. However, does this mean that nothing in our world can be good because we change? To conclude, the Four Causes are a means in which we can work out why a particular thing exists and how. We can define the purpose of something and also relate it back to the theory of the Prime Mover and where the world began. ...read more.

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