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AS Religious Studies The Design Argument

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Introduction

AS Religious Studies - The Design Argument Explain the Design Argument for the Existence of God. The design argument or the teleological argument suggests that the universe is created by a designer. It states that the complexity of the order and patterns of the operation of the world could not have been created out of chance or by random; instead it is made by a creator. William Daley is a well known advocate of the theory; his arguments consist of two parts - design qua purpose and design qua regularity. The design qua purpose argument states that the complex involved in assembling and designing human, animals the nature could have only been accomplished by a "designing creator". He gives examples such as the operation of the human eye which allows us to see things stating that God has created it for the purpose of allowing us to see. ...read more.

Middle

Secondly, the world is sufficient in that it contains all needed resources to sustain human life. Thirdly, the human race has gone through evolution to emerge into more intelligent beings. Tennant argues that without God's existence the world would have not had the above factors and would be a chaotic place. Richard Swinburne was a supporter of this principle. He believed that it all came down to probabilities - is it more likely that the order which exists in the world is created out of random or designed? He concluded that it is more likely that the universe is created by a divine creator. F.R. Tennant also wrote the Aesthetic argument which states that human beings not only possess the qualities needed to survive in the universe; but that of the ability to appreciate and understand art, music and literature. ...read more.

Conclusion

Mill believes that if a divine God did exist he would not allow the means of evil and suffering to exist; instead we will all be living in peace and love. The Epicurean Hypothesis also challenged the design argument stating that the universe could have been created out of the coalition of particles in a random motion over a gradual period of time; therefore, by changes instead of by design. It argued that an ordered and stable system of universe such as the one with live in now could have been a result of such over a period of time. Indeed, the design argument could have been true and that the universe has been created and designed by an intelligent mind or force. However, it is important to understand that just as Hume pointed out; the world might not have been created only by a sole, unique designer. Even if it has, the designer does not necessarily have to be God. ...read more.

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