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Asses the claim that it is the definition of human life that lies at the heart of the abortion debate.

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Introduction

Asses the claim that it is the definition of human life that lies at the heart of the abortion debate. There are many religious arguments associated with abortion, arguing that sanctity of life and the commandment "you shall not kill", prevent abortion from being morally acceptable. However, this is dependent on when the ball of cells inside the mother can be defined as an individual human life, and not just an extension of the mother's body. Some people believe that life begins at contraception, for example Catholics, yet at this stage the fertilised ovum is just a clump of cells, and it is not even possible to define which cells will go on to form human cells, and which will form the cells of the placenta, surely this cannot be considered a human life? ...read more.

Middle

On the other hand I do not think that just because cells are recognisable as human, it means that the embryo is a human being. Judith Javis-Thompson argued that although an acorn has all the potential to be an oak tree, there is a continuous growth from an acorn to an oak tree, and an acorn is not an oak tree. Similarly, an embryo is not yet a human person, but will slowly become one over time. I agree with this as I think it is inconsistent that an embryo should be an extension of the mother's body one day, and a human being the next. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, there are other issues involved in the abortion debate that focus more on the balance of rights between the mother and the foetus than on the definition of human life. For example, if the mother's life is in danger, most people would agree that the mother's rights to life come before that of the child, as the mother has dependants. Yet, if a Catholic believed very strongly that a foetus is a human life and abortion is murder, then the mother would have the same rights to life as the foetus, and the mother may feel obliged to put her life in danger to save the foetus. Therefore, ultimately, even issues involving rights are dependent on the definition of human life and at what stage a foetus is considered to be a human. ...read more.

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