• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

B1 - For what reasons have some thinkers rejected the cosmological argument?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

B1 - For what reasons have some thinkers rejected the cosmological argument? How far is it possible to regard the cosmological argument as strong? Aquinas's argument was as follows: If the universe was infinite, it would have an infinite number of days. The end of an infinite series of days can never be reached, so today would never arrive. However, today has arrived, so the past cannot be infinite. Time began when the universe began, which was an event. Events are caused; therefore there must have been a first cause. This first cause was God. Tennant said there are things in the world which are contingent. These are "might not have beens" because they might have not existed. Secondly, "The world is a real or imagined totality of individual objects, none of which contain within themselves a reason for their own existence." ...read more.

Middle

It could not fail to exist; it is not dependant on anything else. This is what Copleston considers to be God. One other supporting idea for the Cosmological argument is that of the Big Bang theory. The idea that the universe was created by natural causes, such as a large explosion, is considered frequently, but thinkers and philosophers would then argue that the explosion could have been as a result of a divine being, who wished it to happen, and this was simply its way of completing its task. However, amongst all the supporting theories for the Cosmological argument, and all those who supported it, there are also many critics and conflicting ideologies. Many thinkers have rejected the Cosmological argument. Firstly, possibly the most influential and studied critic of the Cosmological argument was David Hume. ...read more.

Conclusion

The separation therefore of the idea of a cause from that of a beginning of existence is plainly possible for the imagination, and consequently the actual separation of these objects is so far possible that it implies no contradiction or absurdity. By this, he means that we can easily have had a universe without it being caused, as we can imagine something without it actually happening. This was a very strong argument. Another formidable critic of the Cosmological argument was Anthony Kenny. In "The Five Ways" Kenny pointed out that Aquinas' point about nothing moving itself contradicts the fact that humans and animals move themselves. He used Newton's first law of motion, in which he explains how movement is caused by the body's inertia from previous movement, to disprove Aquinas' theory. ?? ?? ?? ?? Philosophy Test 17th December 2005 Anneka Phakey - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work