Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21
  22. 22
    22
  23. 23
    23
  24. 24
    24
  25. 25
    25
  26. 26
    26
  27. 27
    27
  28. 28
    28
  29. 29
    29
  30. 30
    30
  31. 31
    31
  32. 32
    32
  33. 33
    33
  34. 34
    34
  35. 35
    35
  36. 36
    36
  37. 37
    37
  38. 38
    38
  39. 39
    39
  40. 40
    40
  41. 41
    41
  42. 42
    42
  43. 43
    43
  44. 44
    44
  45. 45
    45
  46. 46
    46
  47. 47
    47
  48. 48
    48
  49. 49
    49
  50. 50
    50
  51. 51
    51
  52. 52
    52
  53. 53
    53
  54. 54
    54
  55. 55
    55
  56. 56
    56
  57. 57
    57
  58. 58
    58
  59. 59
    59
  60. 60
    60
  61. 61
    61
  62. 62
    62
  63. 63
    63
  64. 64
    64
  65. 65
    65
  66. 66
    66
  67. 67
    67
  68. 68
    68
  69. 69
    69
  70. 70
    70
  71. 71
    71
  72. 72
    72
  73. 73
    73
  74. 74
    74
  75. 75
    75
  76. 76
    76
  77. 77
    77
  78. 78
    78
  79. 79
    79
  80. 80
    80
  81. 81
    81
  82. 82
    82
  83. 83
    83
  84. 84
    84
  85. 85
    85
  86. 86
    86
  87. 87
    87
  88. 88
    88
  89. 89
    89
  90. 90
    90
  91. 91
    91
  92. 92
    92
  93. 93
    93
  94. 94
    94
  95. 95
    95
  96. 96
    96
  97. 97
    97
  98. 98
    98
  99. 99
    99
  100. 100
    100
  101. 101
    101
  102. 102
    102
  103. 103
    103
  104. 104
    104
  105. 105
    105
  106. 106
    106
  107. 107
    107
  108. 108
    108
  109. 109
    109
  110. 110
    110
  111. 111
    111
  112. 112
    112
  113. 113
    113
  114. 114
    114
  115. 115
    115
  116. 116
    116
  117. 117
    117
  118. 118
    118
  119. 119
    119
  120. 120
    120
  121. 121
    121
  122. 122
    122
  123. 123
    123
  124. 124
    124
  125. 125
    125
  126. 126
    126
  127. 127
    127
  128. 128
    128
  129. 129
    129
  130. 130
    130
  131. 131
    131
  132. 132
    132
  133. 133
    133
  134. 134
    134
  135. 135
    135
  136. 136
    136
  137. 137
    137
  138. 138
    138
  139. 139
    139
  140. 140
    140

Bismillahi Ar-Rahman - The first edition of the book "The Ruling System"

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Bismillahi Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem The first edition of the book "The Ruling System" was written in the early 50's of this century. Western culture had a great effect on the minds of the educated sons of the Muslims. One of its effects which dominated their thinking was that Islam is a spiritual religion that does not have a system suitable to solve the problems of life in this age and that there was no ruling system for the state beside that, the State that Islam had was religious and spiritual. Those undertaking the work for Islam used to call for it with general thoughts which were not crystallised. They lacked the clarity to show Islam as a complete system for life, state and society. They used to call for a return to Islam in an open and general manner without them having a clear vision in their minds as to what the systems of Islam were or the manner in which they were going to restore the ruling by Islam. The fact that ruling by what Allah (SWT) has revealed could not be restored without the Khilafah was absent from their Da'wah. That is why establishing the Khilafah and reinstating the ruling by what Allah (SWT) has revealed did not find a place in their program of work. At such a time a structure undertook the study of the situation of the Ummah at her present time and the condition she had reached. And it studied her history and the power and authority she had in the State which was the leading state in the world. A state which was established on the Islamic 'Aqeedah and the Shari'ah rules that emanate from it and which the State apply, implement and convey it as a Message to the world. Then this structure undertook an aware study of Islam from its original sources in the Qur'an and Sunnah and came to the following conclusion: that Islam is a complete and comprehensive system which solves all of life's problems.

Middle

In other words, in order that the contract of the Wizara be convened for the delegated assistant, it should include a term that indicates two conditions: the general delegation and the deputisation. If the term did not clearly cover these two conditions, the Wizara would not be convened to the delegated assistant. Since the assignment of the assistants is one of the Mubah matters, then the Khaleefah is allowed to appoint one or more assistants. However, since the reality of the delegated assistant's task is that he possess all the mandatory powers which the Khaleefah enjoys in ruling, then this would require that the delegated assistant be one person, though it is allowed to appoint more than one person. If the Khaleefah appointed more than one Mu'awin, then each of them would be given the same general consideration which the Khaleefah has. It would not be allowed for the Khaleefah to appoint two Mu'awins who would share collectively the same general supervision, since the Wilayah of ruling is singular. Therefore, if he did so, then the assignment of both would not be allowed and void, for it is an appointment of an Ameer and this could only be to one individual. This is because the Messenger of Allah (saw) said "Let them appoint one from among themselves." He (saw) also said: "..without appointing one of them as an Ameer on them". This singular appointment is therefore a condition in the validity of the Imara. The Task of the Delegated Assistant The task of the delegated assistant is to submit to the Khaleefah all the work he intends to perform. He then reports to the Khaleefah what he has executed in terms of decisions and what he has discharged in terms of management and appointment, so that the assistant would not become like the Khaleefah in his powers. Therefore, his job is to submit his review and then execute it, unless the Khaleefah stops him from doing so.

Conclusion

It would be difficult for the Ummah to to argue/discuss or account the state without having a hizb which holds the post of her leadership towards/before the statebecause of the many difficulties before her that are not overcome except by the presence of a unified leadership represented in a structure and not in an individual or individuals. Therefore it is necessary for an ideological and political hizb to be established in the Ummah. Its only work is to carry the Islamic Da'wah and its only method for carrying the Da'wah is the political way. Thus the emergence of this hizb is inevitable, for it is the practical means which leads the Ummah and guarantees -through it's leadership for the ummah- the performance of the state of its duty in the best manner, which is the carrying of the Islamic Da'wah, the application of Islam and the continuity of this application. It is also the practical means to prevent its misapplication. The structuring of the Rasool (SAW) of the muslims around Islam was evident in the house of Al-Arqam, then the structure included all the Sahabah. Thus they were the block which emerged among the Muslims and took the responsibility of carrying Islam practically, although all the muslims used to carry the responsibilities of Islam in general manner. It was reported that Rasool Allah (SAW) passed away leaving behind sixty thousand of the Sahabah. These were the Islamic block, or the Islamic Hizb which carries the responsibility of Islam practically. Otherwise the Rasool (SAW) passed away while the Muslims were many times more than that number (of the Sahabah). Then the time of the Sahabah, the Tab'ieenn and the Tab'iee etTab'ieen ended, the Hizb disappeared. So weakness started to creap into the souls of the rulers, for there was no hizb that leads the Ummah to watch over them, and argue/discuss with them and account them (the rulers). This continued until misapplication of Islam took place. Therefore the true guarantee for the application of Islam, the carrying of its Da'wah and the betterment of its application is the Islamic and political Hizb. 1

The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Over 180,000 student essays
  • Every subject and level covered
  • Thousands of essays marked by teachers
  • Over 180,000 essays
    written by students
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to write
    your own great essays

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.