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AS and A Level: Christianity

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  1. Jesus ministry

    see Jesus, they weren't able and so they removed some tiles from the roof of a house that Jesus had been present in, They lowered the man down on his mattress through the ceiling so that Jesus would heal him. The friends believed that Jesus was able to help and heal the paralytic and this faith is what made Jesus command the man to get up and take with him the mattress in which he lied; the man did as he was told.

    • Word count: 693
  2. The messages conveyed by "Jesus washes his disciples feet" and "The Good Samaritan".

    Jesus revealed to the apostles that the true greatness comes from being a servant. Those who want to be the supreme in God's kingdom must devote their lives to serving God and mankind. Furthermore, Jesus said the confessing and regretting of your daily sins is very significant. You must confess and apologize hence that you can abide in Jesus; therefore his grace will fill your life. This importance of this passage in the world today is placing others first, caring for people and serving them.

    • Word count: 971
  3. A2 Religious Std Authorship of the Fourth Gospel

    There are various strong external evidences (i.e. implied and indirect evidence which cannot be quoted from the bible) pointing in favour of the Gospel authorship being an apostle, someone who knew Jesus. Smalley points to one of Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyons' work Against Heresies where Irenaeus personally states that the "witness" behind the Fourth Gospel was "John the disciple of Lord". Irenaeus believes that John might have delivered the Gospel to the elders in Ephesus before he deceased hence allowing it to be passed on.

    • Word count: 1103
  4. Science Challenges Religion

    However there are others who believe that science and religion can co-exist without disproving each other or challenging their beliefs. Those that do believe this do so because though they believe that the universe was created through the Big Bang they also believe that God was the one who started and caused the Big Bang. Stephen Jay Gould once said, 'Science covers the area: what is the universe made of (fact) and why does it work (theory). Religion deals with questions of meaning and right and wrong.

    • Word count: 1199
  5. Explain Aristotles Virtue Ethics and how this has been developed by later thinkers

    This chief good is believed to be what Aristotle calls 'Eudaimonia' (meaning what makes a person truly happy) which is and should be the goal to be pursued in life by all persons. This is argued to be achieved by virtuous action and by practising the virtuous means, so that it becomes a habit (but also right), in order to become happy and live good lives. Aristotle highlights twelve golden/virtuous means (the midway point between the vices of excess and deficiency) which are as follows; courage; Temperance; Liberality; Munificence; High-mindedness; Right ambition; Good temper; Friendliness/civility; Sincerity; Wittiness; Modesty; just resentment.

    • Word count: 839
  6. Manasseh, the King of Judah

    There were a couple of invasions of Judah during this time by Sennacherib, the king of Assyria. On each of these occasions the Lord used Hezekiah and Isaiah to protect Jerusalem. Although almost all of the land of Judah was devastated by the Assyrians, the capital city was preserved. Isaiah said that "Jerusalem looked like a caretaker's hut in the midst of a cucumber field"; all of the fortified cities had been destroyed but Jerusalem. It was Hezekiah's wise leadership that made possible the preservation of the city and its people. He was a powerful spiritual force in Judah.

    • Word count: 1554
  7. Assess the view that the signs in Johns Gospel are actually early Christian theology. (20 marks)

    For example, in verse 3 of the Feeding of the 5000, John writes: 'Jesus went up on a mountainside and sat down,' which parallels the receipt of the two stone tablets on which were inscribed the Ten Commandments, in Exodus. By comparing Jesus to a hugely important Jewish figure like Moses, Jewish readers would be better able to grasp Jesus' authority and importance. Alternatively, the Old Testament references might be a way to implicitly show Christianity replacing Judaism, again showing Jesus' divinity and making the reader more likely to have faith.

    • Word count: 882
  8. The evangelist included the signs in order to make people believe. Assess this claim. (20 marks)

    It implies a greater role and purpose to Jesus' miracles than the acts themselves, a divine scheme, thus helping the reader see the link between Jesus (who looks like an ordinary person) and the Father. John's choice of words alone suggests he wanted the signs to be seen by the reader in a theological light, not an historical one. In fact, John explicitly says of the signs: 'These are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.'

    • Word count: 868
  9. Biblical World View About the Euthanasia, Suicide, and Capital Punishment

    I believe God do not give something that more than we could bear. Miracles happen every day, several true stories I heard that some patients with some lethal diseases survived from death by the cheer of their family and bless of God. But it does not means euthanasia is a bad thing. For instance, if the modern medical knowledge can no longer avoid the death and when the death is excruciating for the patient, with the permit of the patient the euthanasia is passable.

    • Word count: 639
  10. Compare and contrast the key features of Natural Moral Law & Virtue Ethics

    A person acts virtuously if they possess and live the virtues. 4. A virtue is a moral characteristic that a person needs to live well. Aristotle, widely considered to be the founder of virtue ethics, devised in his work 'Nicomachean Ethics' that there are twelve moral virtues which fall between two vices. Vices are two extremes, for example there is a vice of deficiency for something and a vice of excess. The virtuous mean or 'Golden Mean' is the mid-way point or balance between each vice.

    • Word count: 1649
  11. Human Experience Miracles

    Through the study of these miracles, it is easy to see that universalism is a main characteristic of Luke's gospel, as in every miracle, it is the outcast, the marginalised, who is healed. Jesus often paired the healing with forgiveness of sins. There are many Holy sites throughout the world, that are renowned for the miracles that have taken place there, such as Lourdes, Fatima, and Knock. Lourdes is probably the most visited of these sites, garnering over 200 million pilgrims every year.

    • Word count: 1132
  12. Describe One Miracle Particular to Luke, and another of a different type.

    Through the miracles, the gospel writer is trying to show the authority of Jesus as Messiah, how God's power is at work. In these stories it is not only physical healing we find, but also spiritual healing through the forgiveness of sins. In the time of Jesus, pain and suffering had no remedies, and illness was often seen as punishment from God. Therefore, through the miracles, we see that Jesus challenged these thoughts, and practices against the sick. We can also see that Jesus was always compassionate to anyone in need and his concern to alleviate ailments in life.

    • Word count: 1629
  13. With Reference to other aspects of Human Experience explore the claim that there will always be conflict between Religion and State.

    There will be loud wailing throughout Egypt-worse than there has ever been or ever will be again. But among the Israelites not a dog will bark at any man or animal.' Then you will know that the Lord makes a distinction between Egypt and Israel. All these officials of yours will come to me, bowing down before me and saying, 'Go, you and all the people who follow you!' After that I will leave." After the Pharaoh found his son had died following the final plague, he said, "Up!

    • Word count: 1738
  14. Discuss whether the ontological argument would convince an atheist

    Gaunilo stated that the ontological argument was not logical and therefore needed to be refuted. Gaunilo claimed he could make obvious the flaws in the ontological argument if he went through the argument again, replacing the idea of God with the image of an island. In his writings 'On Behalf of the Fool', he explained that we could imagine the most excellent lost island; we understand the implications of the phrase 'the most excellent island' and therefore this notion exists as a concept in our understanding. We might then, using the logic of Anselm's ontological argument, go on to say that for such an island to exist in our minds means that this is inferior to the same island existing in reality.

    • Word count: 906
  15. Critically assess the view that the two Patrick theory solves the puzzle of Patrick

    The beginning point for a Christian mission is the reference of Prosper of Aquitaine to the sending of Palladius in 431. This date not only marks the beginning of the official introduction of Christianity into Ireland, but it also marks the beginning of Irish history as a whole. No other date apart from this one regarding Christianity in Ireland is certain. It was while he was studying the annals that Thomas O'Rahilly noticed the recorded death dates of the accepted contemporaries of Patrick in the sixth century annals, for example Mochta.

    • Word count: 1288
  16. Outline and explain the issues included in uncovering the historical Patrick (30 Marks)

    S´┐Żan MacAirt refers to the fifth century as the "lost century", because of the absence of any historical information. We are still in the era of pre-history, which the exception of Patrick's writings, and Prosper's reference to the arrival of Palladius. Within these two documents, which are of the utmost importance, there are only two place names given to us, and no dates, so it is very hard to gather historical fact. O'Rahilly rightly says of humble Patrick "the last thing that the saint could have imagined, would be that hundreds of years later, the document would be scrutinised again and again with a view to gleaning biographical details of the writer's life."

    • Word count: 1650
  17. Outline the cosmological argument for the existance of God. and plan.

    This mover is often called the prime mover. Aquinas said 'this everyone understands to be God' Aquinas' second way is very similar to his first identifying an 'efficient cause' for everything in the universe. He says that nothing can cause itself as it would have had to exist before it existed and that is impossible. He says that there must therefore be a first 'efficient cause' which caused everything. And again attributes this role to God. In his third way he describes the existence of 'necessary being', this relies on the theory that all beings that exist, can not exist, and therefore there must have been a time when nothing existed.

    • Word count: 1648
  18. Why were the signs so controversial at that time? John uses the term Semeia meaning signs, to describe the miracles Jesus performed.

    So therefore in all of Jesus' signs this was a common controversial factor that made it hard for the Jews to believe. Another controversial element to the signs is that, in all of the signs, Jesus is demonstrating that Christianity has come to supersede Judaism. Of course to Jews this would have been very difficult to accept, but nonetheless this message is put across many times in all the signs. In the wedding in Cana, Jesus' mother Mary was present.

    • Word count: 1181
  19. Why are the I AM sayings so controversial? Exodus 3: 14 says God said to Moses, "I am who I am.

    By Jesus saying that he is the "bread of life", he is showing himself to be heavenly, and sent by God just like the Manna. Tasker describes that, "This bread which alone can permanently satisfy the spiritual hunger and thirst of men cannot be merely had for the asking... it is only available for those who are drawn by the father to the Son, who see the Son for who he really is and who commit themselves to him". This is controversial to the Jews as it suggests that it is only through the bread, Jesus, that eternal life can be gained.

    • Word count: 1428
  20. In the first Chapter of Evangelium Vitae, or the Gospel of Life, written by Pope John Paul II in 1995, we see the good news of Jesus Christ itself. It reflects upon the present day threats to human life.

    I wondered if I would really, truly be able to make the right decision. I thought that I could decide on the right thing, but I still didn't fully understand everything about why the church teaches this. After doing research about this topic I got much better insight about understanding fully why we believe this. I don't believe this now. Just because I'm supposed to, but I now believe this because I understand the wisdom and knowledge put forth to this subject over thousands of years. I know now that, besides not even getting into the situation itself, but that I would be able to make the right choice if I, or somebody I knew, was ever involved in a situation like that.

    • Word count: 2473
  21. Lutheran Religion

    They refer to God as the Trinity believing the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are all God. In addition to believing in the Trinity, both believe Jesus is the son of God sent by God to become human like us. It is believed that in Jesus' life and being he lived in perfect obedience to his Father's will. However, due to the sake of the sinful world, he was condemned to death on the cross, but death could not contain him. On the third day after his execution he arose again and appeared as the living Lord.

    • Word count: 1181
  22. The controversy that is evolution. I shall start with the argument against evolution.

    They infer that the natural processes back then were a lot different to how they are today, such as radioactive decay occurred far more rapid thousands of years ago than it does today, making the earth seem older than it really is. (2). Whether or not decay did occur a lot faster back then is still to be discovered this is why theorist trying to prove evolution cant be sure about anything and nor can the creationists be sure about what happened.

    • Word count: 1496
  23. Free essay

    God as a creator

    In this chapter he is immanent and personal, "and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life" implies a more special and careful creation of man, which is a contrast to chapter 1 where he is transcendent, impersonal and gives a feeling of greater power, "And God said...." A transcendent God implies God is eternal and outside time whereas an immanent God implies he is everlasting and inside time. Another quality of God is that he is all loving and he loves and cares for his creation, "God has poured out his love into our hearts," this quote from Romans 5 suggests that God loves humans and is therefore omnibenevolent.

    • Word count: 725
  24. Explain Situation Ethics

    A man has separated from his wife but hasn't had a divorce yet. He has met another woman and decided that he loves her. For Natural Law this would be considered as adultery and wrong but by Situation Ethics it would be fine for them to be together because the love between them would overrule. Situation ethics can be summed up by the following quotation: "The law of love is the ultimate law because it is the negation of law; it is absolute because it concerns everything concrete...The absolutism of love is its power to go into concrete situations..."

    • Word count: 1330

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