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AS and A Level: Christianity

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  1. Assess the ontological argument

    It is greater to exist in reality as well as in the understanding. C. Therefore God must exist in reality. The monk Gaunilo however disagreed that we can simply imagine something into existence. He used the counter-example of an island to illustrate this: P1. We can imagine the greatest conceivable island. P2. It is greater to exist in reality as well as in the understanding. C. Therefore the island must also exist in reality. He also claimed that the first premise is not a necessary statement, but is rather contingent and requires a posteriori knowledge in order to be justified.

    • Word count: 831
  2. Inner Reflections

    Aquinas is renowned as the "greatest theologian of the medieval Catholic church" and a "representative of scholasticism" (Aquinas 145). As the son of a nobleman, he was educated at the University of Naples and became a member of the Dominican Order of Preachers. After finishing his education, Aquinas spent most of his life "teaching at Dominican study houses and universities in France and Italy" (Aquinas 145). In The Human Good, Aquinas reveals his views on what a human being is, and how humans know what is right and wrong. Although these are two separate questions, examining the nature of a human being leads to examining how they are able to know what is good.

    • Word count: 1597
  3. Is there a message for the people of today in the Book of Revelations?

    As the society of the Jews changed drastically after the fall of the temple John would have been writing for a completely different audience having to deal with persecution not only from the Romans but also expulsion from the synagogues having to build an entirely new religion which suggests that Revelation was a message written specifically for the people then. According to Genesis it took God six days to create the world and the school of Elias believes if we go by the biblical formula for time found in Psalm 90:4 in which a thousand years to mankind ' in God's sight are like a day just gone by' then human life will exist on earth for six thousand years.

    • Word count: 2334
  4. What are the moral and religious differences, if any, between euthanasia and suicide? Why may these distinctions be important?

    The only absolute is Love (Agape Love). Love should be the motive behind every decision. As long as Love is your intention, the end justifies the means. Christians argue that because suicide involves self-murder, then anyone who commits it is sinning, it is the same as if a person murdered another human being. In the Bible there is, however, no specific verse that clearly states that both suicide and euthanasia lead directly to Hell. Yet because Jesus Christ took the punishment for the sins of mankind, and suicide is seen as a sin, the result would be that the person who commits suicide would not be culpable, and that all his sins would be covered by Christ 3.

    • Word count: 3429
  5. 'The Jesus' parables of the Kingdom of God were about a future hope of salvation.' Discuss.

    as a 'beacon' of salvation for mankind; Jesus speaks in parables as a means of translation for Gods' 'word' which is promising salvation. The salvation of the parables saves one from the entire elements of ones entity, which include spiritual (and moral), mental and physical. A parable of Kingdom of God which can be seen as about a future hope of salvation is the Markan 'Parable of the Sower'. This parable Illustrates God's lavish offer of the Kingdom of God in Jesus' preaching and the mixed response given to it, nevertheless results are amazingly rich.

    • Word count: 3072
  6. Abortion, a christians view.

    But if there is serious injury, you are to take life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise."2 (Exodus 21:22-25) As from the above quote, Jeremiah was told by God, "I chose you before I gave you life and before you were born I selected you to be a prophet to the nations."3 (Jeremiah 1.5) This suggests that God knows everyone from the moment they are conceived.

    • Word count: 2795
  7. Descartes logically proved the existence of an infinite and truthful being - Discuss.

    I have not inspected every line in the Bible nor do I plan to. But I will go over some of the main principles of Christianity, with a focus on Catholicism, and see if they follow that which is Just. The chose Catholicism for two reasons. One is because it's my religion and it's the one I know the most about. Second is because of its views of Salvation, which is the main focus of religion. The Bible is translated in many different ways by different religions.

    • Word count: 1453
  8. Christian Philosophy on Death

    However most people fall somewhere in between those two extremes. "Dying person will use belief systems as they have throughout there entire life-constructively, destructively, or not at all" This saying generally tends to hold true as one dies. All people cope with death differently however, by in large, most people go through some form of K�bler-Ross model of grieving. The Kubler-Ross model contains five stages that people go through while contemplating their own death. The first stage is denial. In this stage the person grieving thinks that "This can't be happening."

    • Word count: 1152
  9. discrimination and the treatment of women

    In November 1992 women were ordained for the first time. Other people have tried to change the language Christians use to challenge discrimination also. For example Janet Morley in the SPCK Book of Christian prayer has included a prayer which starts, "God our mother You hold our life within you Nourish us at your breast And teach us to walk alone" This is a classic example whereby God is being referred to as a mother. Janet Morley is clearly here emphasising the point that men and women are equal. At the same time there is evidence of discrimination against women.

    • Word count: 698
  10. Pilgrimage coursework

    This is true of other world religions where pilgrimage is also important. A pilgrimage is a symbol in action. It represents the journey of the Christian life from earth to heaven. The Church is sometimes described as a pilgrim people. Back in the middle Ages pilgrimages were very popular. It was not like going on holiday. Pilgrimages often took years. Journeys were long and dangerous and many died en route. They usually traveled in groups and would stay in monasteries or hostels on the way. Pilgrims undertook these journeys to holy places because it was important for their faith.

    • Word count: 3647
  11. How is the bible used in private and congregational worship

    There are three different ways of interpreting the bible. The literal view, the liberal view and the conservative view. Christians that take the literal view think that everything in the bible is the literal word of God, and do not believe any of it is meant in a metaphorical way. People that take the liberal point of view believe it is the word of God but think it is wrong to question it.

    • Word count: 450
  12. Canons of Christianity

    History The history of the Christian faith traces its beginnings back to the creation of the world in the same manner as Judaism. Both these faith traditions, as well as Islam, are monotheistic religions acknowledging one supreme being or deity. The historical background of Christianity is a shared history with Judaism. Many biblical scholars contend that Christianity began as a Jewish sect. Later, the followers of Christ became so numerous that the two faith followings completely severed connection to each other.

    • Word count: 1413
  13. Re:Christians putting beliefs into practise

    It also funded Churches to help repair damage caused by the war. Eventually Christian Aids work started to involve other countries. It now has an income of approximately �40 million a year, and there are forty churches in the United Kingdom and Ireland who are part of Christian Aid. Most of the money, which they make through door-to-door collections and donations from members of the public and various churches, is put towards development work to help people in the long term. There are many other Christian charities that help in different ways.

    • Word count: 665
  14. R.E. Coursework - A03

    There are also many people living in poverty. Oscar spoke out about the government in sermons. In 1980 he was gunned down by four masked men. His last words were "May Christ's sacrifice give us the courage to offer our own bodies for justice and peace". I believe that Romero is an example of someone who followed Jesus' example and was a true disciple. Many religious people take vows of poverty so that God is placed first above everything and that they do not get distracted by money.

    • Word count: 697
  15. the work of christian aid

    It publishes a newspaper this gives information about what Christian aid is doing and world development what the world spends on weapons in two weeks for example could give everyone in the world enough food, water, education and shelter for a year. LONG-TERM AID Christian aid has an advantage over many charities because it is in contact with organisations who are going to make use of the money so they can share

    • Word count: 576
  16. Bible is the combination of 66 books, divided into 2 parts -The Old (39) and New Testament(27) or Covenant, which means 'book'

    Jerome's Latin Vulgate had 14 apocrypha books along with the 66 books. The term 'Bible' The word Bible comes from the Greek word, 'biblion'('paper' or 'scroll', the ordinary word of book). It was from this word that the Anglo-Latin word 'biblia' was derived from, which produced the word 'Bible'. The Bible is also called 'book of books' because it is library of 66 books. In other words, Bible is a book that contains 66 books. If one book is excluded then it ceases to become the Bible. Therefore, the combination of 66 books is the Bible.

    • Word count: 1049
  17. The beliefs Christians hold about their moral responsibility for those at the beginning and the end of their lives.

    "The Lord God put the man into the Garden of Eden to care for it" (Genesis 2:15). Thirdly the Christian faith is also in agreement that, as a Christian, one is called by God to love one another no matter what the circumstance. "Love your neighbour.... (and) love your enemies" (Mathew 5:43). Throughout history, Christians have exercised their belief in stewardship by giving knowledge, time, wealth and love to those in need. For example, in England, the first orphanages were founded in the middle of the 19th century by George Muller; a devout Christian.

    • Word count: 664
  18. Explain How Christian Charities and Communities

    Charities such as Oxfam, Save the Children Fund and Comic Relief are all based to eliminate world poverty. However, they are not based on any religious beliefs. Christian charities include the Salvation Army, Christian Aid, Tear Fund and CAFOD. Christian Aid was organised just after the Second World War as many people had lost all their possesions and loved ones, including their home and family. Many people were left with nothing. That is when 'Christian Reconstruction in Europe' was set up, which raised a massive one million pounds! This helped people start to build up their lives again.

    • Word count: 1212
  19. What is Christianity

    The Bible, or the Holy Scriptures, is the text book Christians use for their daily devotion. These Scriptures play a very important role in the life of Christianity. The Bible is a collection of 66 books. These 66 books are divided into two parts. The first part is the Old Testament and the second part contains the New Testament. The Bible besides containing social, moral and spiritual values, it also contains vast information about world history as well. According to the secular world, Christianity is defined just as another religion.

    • Word count: 1087
  20. How might Christian beliefs about marriage and divorce be applied to a Christian living. In your answer consider one or more situation in which Christian belief would "make a difference

    Some may say that the Christian beliefs are not being applied to life as much anymore, which is proven by the increase in divorce rate. However, The religious beliefs are lived out by the vast majority of couples. Those who do not fully apply the beliefs to their marriage but realise the beliefs importance, have something to aspire to and the beliefs can guide them to a successful Christian marriage with God. This is why the beliefs of permanence and exclusiveness of marriage are important and people still try to live to values outlined in the Gospel.

    • Word count: 950
  21. In this part of the question I will use quotations from the scriptures to explain how we as Christians should live out our lives outside of church. Firstly in John's Gospel Jesus says 'I have a new commandment to give you, Love one-another

    us that we must love one-another as Jesus loved us, so we must care about our friends as well as our enemies, it also tell us that the greatest love we can show is to lay down our lives for our friends, I believe that there is a literal and non-literal meaning to this, literal because if anyone was about to be knocked down by a car then it is the duty of any good Christian, as it is such a pure unselfish thing to take your life in order to save another's, however it can mean that we must

    • Word count: 935
  22. Religion, Poverty and Wealth Describe how followers of this religion may put their ideas into practice. Helping others is a big part of being a Christian, because of the importance of the commandment

    It also funded Churches to help repair damage caused by the war. Gradually over time, the work of Christian Aid began to involve other countries around the world. It now has an income of approximately �40 million a year, and there are forty churches in the United Kingdom and Ireland who are a part of Christian Aid. Most of the money, which they make through door-to-door collections and donations from members of the public and various churches, is put towards development work to help people in the long term.

    • Word count: 963
  23. ai) describe how a Christian may follow the call to discipleship through daily life and work

    Furthermore due to Jesus' vocation Simon and Andrew acknowledged there when they were recruited by Jesus to became his disciples as Jesus announces he will make the fishers, 'fishers of men' causing them to 'leave their nets and follow him' as they realised their vocation was to be a disciple for Jesus by learner for the wise man, as told in Mark 16:20. Through his various teaching and parables, Jesus taught his disciples to 'love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you' Matthew 5:44, outlining his teaching about loving your neighbours on the Sermon on the Mount in Mark 7:24-27.

    • Word count: 3737
  24. Explain the Christian values and perspective displayed by the writer (IBsen) and the main characters. An Enemy of the People deals with the extent to which individual desires

    'I should think he would be very glad that such an important truth has been brought to light'. We can also see that the truth is a very important part of Dr. Stockmann's life, and that the truth is what rightly should be stood up for, as he says, 'In god's name, what else do you suppose I should do but take my stand on right and truth?' and the 'truth and the people will win the fight you may be certain!'.

    • Word count: 885

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