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Cosmological Argument " The Three Ways

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Introduction

Cosmological Argument - The Three Ways The cosmological argument is based on a collection of arguments from natural theology, which holds that humanity does not know God through reason, but through the work of God's creation, which is accessible to all humans. The argument is mainly concerned with finding an explanation for the universe in which we live. It deals with the questions for example, why does the universe exist at all rather than why it has the features it does as argued in the design argument. Moreover the cosmological argument is based on life not being random but that we are actually here for a reason, from some sort of being. Aquinas believed this being was god and through his existence we have our universe today. To begin Aquinas presented an argument for the existence of god. His argument has become one of the most famous representations of the existence of god and the universe. ...read more.

Middle

For example, a pot will not appear from ball of clay, without the input of a potter! The potential for the pot to be formed from the clay is there, but it requires something external to the clay to work on it to achieve this. Therefore, whatever is moved must be moved by another and cannot move itself. Although a mover must have been moved by another it cannot go on for infinity as there would be no first mover. Aquinas believed there must be a first mover who moves the next mover. For example staff moves only because it is moved by the hand. Aquinas believed this first mover is god. The first way in summary really presumes that something must be moved by another except from the first mover who started it all off which we believed was to be god. Next Aquinas came up with his second way, arguing from efficient cause to a first uncaused cause. ...read more.

Conclusion

Aquinas' argument is that if everything were contingent or possible there must have been a time when nothing existed at all. If this was the case nothing could ever could have come into existence since nothing can come from nothing. The fact that there is something as opposed to nothing means that there must be something, in that it existence is necessary and god is this necessary being who created the world out of nothing. For Aquinas, the only thing which has always existed is God. Furthermore, Aquinas saw no way to explain how anything was here, unless something was already in existence prior to it. Thus if God did not exist, nothing else would exist. This means god is the cause of everything which has come into place in our universe and that something had to be here to start the creation of our universe. Without a cause then we wouldn't be here today. Aquinas argues god Is our only necessary being even though there are criticisms to this. ...read more.

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