• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cosmological Argument Essay RSS03

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐The Cosmological Argument Essay The Cosmological Argument is an argument supporting the existence of God which claims that all animate beings are contingent, meaning they depend on something else for their existence. The argument also states that the entire cosmos therefore must depend on a being that exists independently. The Cosmological argument is a posteriori argument. This means the argument is derived by reasoning from previously observed facts and the opposite of a priori argument which is derived by the use of logic. The Cosmological argument simply breaks down into three claims: that the cosmos/universe exits, that the existence of the cosmos has a cause, and that the cause is God. ...read more.


Ultimately, Aquinas believes that there must have been an Unmoved Mover (God) who puts things into motion. The argument from Motion follows the premise that: nothing can move itself, if every object that moves has a mover then the first object in motion needs a mover, Movement can go on for infinity and that the first mover is the Unmoved Mover, called God. In his Summa Theologica, St. Thomas Aquinas explains Motion to be ?...nothing else than the reduction of something from the potentiality to actuality.? The second way is Causation from existence (cause). Causation presents the issue of existence itself ? Aquinas used common sense observations to conclude that no object creates itself; therefore something must have created it. ...read more.


and that there must be an uncaused causer called God. Thomas Aquinas explains causation in his Summa Theologica by saying ?There is no known cause in which a thing is found to be the efficient cause itself, which is impossible.? The third way is Contingency. A contingent being must depend on something else to be sustained. St. Thomas Aquinas suggests that a contingent being must depend on a necessary being for its creation ? God. The argument from Contingency follows the premise that: contingent beings are caused and not every being can be contingent, therefore there must exist a being which is necessary to cause contingent beings and that the necessary being is God. An example of a contingent being is a human: Humans are caused by their parents but depend on food, water and air, for example, for existence. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. swinburne essay

    is that it possible to show that whoever or whatever is not responsible for the experience even though they claim that it was there. These to challenges on face value seem very valid criticisms as if we can say God was not there or was there but not involved then

  2. St Thomas Aquinas and the Cosmological Argument

    * NECESSITY AND CONTINGENCY: - Aquinas observed that, in nature, there were things with contingent existences. Since it is possible for such things not to exist, there must be some time at which these things did not in fact exist.

  1. Discuss the usefulness of studying philiosophy.

    From the lessons on enculturation and ethical dilemmas, I have learned how much our surroundings affect our beliefs, values and the way we think, and the resultant decisions we make when it comes to a situation where there are no clear-cut answers and where both choices seem to be wrong.

  2. Leaving home - a corrected essay.

    (Shklar, 197) Hence, if this statement is true,(don't say this ur trying to prove ur thesis, by saying if, ur argument weakens-ur arguments have to be strong) it is reasonable to conclude that justice arises with the presence of both obligation and loyalty.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work