• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Covenants between Man and God in the Bible

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Introduction to covenants From the creation of man started the Covenants. God makes deals with men and they do it. In return, God does something for them. Covenants play an important role in the Old Testament. The meaning of Covenant in Basic English is ?a written agreement or promise.... between two or more parties, especially for the performance of some action.? (Webster?s Ninth Collegiate Dictionary). In religious terms, the idea of covenant is that of a pact, contract, arrangement or agreement. These changes are depended on the covenant that is made. Christians, unlike Jews, also have New Covenant. This new covenant is not shared by the Jews. In this essay I will be discussing more about the formation of covenants; its importance; types of covenants, and the characteristics of covenants. There are two types of covenants; Conditional and unconditional. ?Conditional covenant guarantees that God will do his part with absolute certainty when the human requirements are met.? An unconditional covenant is the declaration of the purpose of God. (Class notes) The first covenant is the Edenic covenant (Genesis 2:16-17). It was a conditional covenant because Adam and Eve had to obey God. Abrahamic covenant is considered as one of the most important covenant. It was an unconditional covenant because God required nothing of Abraham. The Mosaic covenant is considered the most significant covenant because in this covenant, God gives the Laws to the people of Israel. It is also a conditional covenant because the blessings directly depend on Israel?s obedience to God. New covenant is the last covenant; it was unconditional. People just have to accept the offer. Covenants are important because the divine-human relationship is based on covenant. If we are going to be the people of God, we are going to need to understand the means by which God has bound. God has used covenants to set the boundaries of this binding it stands to reason, therefore, that if we are to properly understand our relationship with God, we must understand the nature of covenants. ...read more.


Abraham, as a sign, circumcises Isaac when he was 8 days old (Genesis 21:3-4), (Student Resource). Mosaic Covenant The Mosaic Covenant is a covenant made between God and the nation of Israel. The most important covenant in the Old Testament is the Mosaic covenant (Lion Handbook 210). The covenant was made after he killed a guard and fled the country (Chapter Guide to Exodus 1-12). Mosaic covenant was made at Mount Sinai (Exodus 19-24). God made this covenant ?so that they would recognize him and serve him as the one living and true God, the provident Father and just judge, and so that they would look for the promised Saviour? (CCC#62). The Catechism of The Catholic Church describes the connection between the Abrahamic covenant and the Mosaic Covenant as such ?God chose Abraham and made a covenant with him and his descendants. This covenant ?was the decisive step in the creation of Israel as a nation? (Lion Handbook 210). By the covenant God formed his people and revealed his law to them through Moses.? (CCC#72). What this means is that the Mosaic covenant is a partial fulfilment of the Abrahamic Covenant. God initially made a covenant with Abraham; thorough Moses gave the Laws to guide the people. The Mosaic Covenant is especially significant because in it God promises to make Israel ?a kingdom of priests and a holy nation? (Exodus 19:6). The Mosaic Covenant is a conditional covenant. The blessings that God promises are directly related to Israel?s obedience to the Mosaic Law. If Israel is obedient, then God will bless them, but if they disobey, then God will punish them (student resource book). The blessings and the curses are written in Deuteronomy 28. Even if they sin and act against God, they will pay for their sins but will be saved because of the promise God made with Abraham. ?I will not reject them or abhor them so as to destroy them completely, breaking my covenant with them. ...read more.


People get baptised to cleanse their souls from sin. Baptise means to cleanse with water, this is why people baptise with water. But John said Jesus ?will baptise? you ?with Holy Spirit.? The new covenant has a different basis, and it presents a different basis of relationship between God and humans. The new basis is Jesus himself and his blood. Jesus did what we could not do, and he offers his sacrifice to us as a gift. Another sign in the New Covenant is the Last Supper. Jesus said, ?Take, eat; this is my body? (Matthew 26:26). In Scripture, leaven symbolizes sin, so bread without yeast represents holy God. The bread signifies the Son who was broken to save the humanity. Wine symbolised blood which the Son of Man will shed in order to be saved; ?My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins? (Matthew 26:27?28). The Last Supper is the Passover for us. If we remember this and take part in the covenant, we will be saved. Conclusion By analysing the covenants, I can see there are things that every covenant follows. These include sacrifices, rituals, signs and condition. Usually sacrifices are used to confirm a covenant. A sacrifice was seen in all of the covenants that I have studied. Rituals were carried out before the sacrifice. Rituals were used to make themselves clean. Signs are common in all of the covenants that I have studied. Abrahamic Covenant had circumcision as the sign. Circumcision was a sign of participation in God?s promises to Abraham. This sign was also seen in the Mosaic Covenant. In the New Covenant, Baptism was the sign of participation in God?s promises. The main condition in all these covenants is based on faith in God. Abraham had faith in God; because of this, God gave him promises and blessings. In the Mosaic Covenant, the people of Israel had to have faith and obedience to receive the blessings. The New Covenant is entirely based of faith. Anyone who have faith shall receive the blessings and be part of the promise. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Christianity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Christianity essays

  1. The Status of Women In the New Testament.

    that have caused the most controversy and have been taken as literally wives being the husbands possession. For in traditional Western marriage services today the words 'I obey'ARE often no longer included. It has been noticed that the Pauline and Petrine writers seek to limit women's leadership roles within the Christian community to roles that are culturally and religiously acceptable.

  2. Bible is the combination of 66 books, divided into 2 parts -The Old (39) ...

    Therefore, the combination of 66 books is the Bible. Divisions of the Bible The arrangement of the Bible is based upon the type of books and the author as well. Genesis to Deuteronomy - Pentateuch (Greek for 'five') This is the first five books of Moses. They are 'Torah' or 'Teaching' of the Jews.

  1. Why are the I AM sayings so controversial? Exodus 3: ...

    Because bread is associated with Moses, and Moses gave the law, bread is closely related to the Law and the Temple. By Jesus saying that he is the "bread of life", he is saying that he is overruling the law.

  2. God Hates Divorce. God in His infinite wisdom and knowledge gives us the ...

    The spouse you have is always suitable for you because God gave you this spouse. God took this responsibility from the very beginning to give us suitable spouse. The spouse we have is the best teacher for us given by God in our life to teach us something that no

  1. In the first Chapter of Evangelium Vitae, or the Gospel of Life, written by ...

    Euthanasia goes along with these hidden crimes of violence. Euthanasia is murder as well, just as is abortion. Our culture tends to include the lack of solidarity towards the weakest members of society. We sometimes have a misleading thought that pain and suffering should not be associated with death.

  2. 'The Jesus' parables of the Kingdom of God were about a future hope of ...

    is inclusive to everyone this can be seen in 'the darnel' when the man who grew the seed was asked by the labourers it he wanted them to weed out the darnel but in response of: (4) "No because then you weed out the darnel you might pull up the wheat with it.

  1. Study the authorship of one book in the bible.

    soon" in Ephesus. However according to Acts Timothy had already left Epheus by the time that Paul arrives (19.22) "He sent to helpers, ahead of him to Macedonia, while he remained for a time in Asia" There is an explanation for this; they may have just missed each other hence the discrepancies in the Pastorals.

  2. Explain how the Bible shows God as Creator

    in Jeremiah 23:24, ? ?Can a man hide himself in secret places so that I cannot see him?? declares the Lord. ?Do I not fill heaven and earth??? In the Bible, it is also clear that God?s knowledge and wisdom is limitless and is beyond human comprehension.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work