• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critically examine the aim and purpose of Matthews Gospel

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Megan Clark Critically examine the aim and purpose of Matthew's Gospel ________________ Matthew's gospel is said to be around 90% based on Mark's gospel. But what makes Matthew's gospel different? We are almost certain that Matthew was a Jew as he was respectful of Jewish laws and customs therefore he was probably writing to a Jewish-Christian audience. He includes many themes within his gospel such as the importance of the church and the divine presence element. Some scholars see a single purpose, namely that Matthew wrote to show the Jews that Jesus was the Messiah they had been expecting. However others believe that he was trying to defend his Christian community. Other purposes are also argued such as Matthew's desire to highlight Jesus' divine presence. The Gospel of Matthew is probably the fullest and the most well rounded of the four. It is designed especially for use by the growing and expanding church. ...read more.


Matthew's is the only gospel in which Jesus talks explicitly about the church. He wants to emphasise that the church did not begin after the resurrection, but was instituted by Jesus himself. On the other hand, Matthew's purpose could be to present Jesus as the long expected Messiah. He is the king who has been sent to rule his people. There is from start to finish a royal aspect to this Gospel. At the beginning, Jesus' birth is announced, "Behold, a virgin hall conceive and bear a son and his name shall be called Emmanuel," which translates to 'God is with us'. So already, even before Jesus is born, Matthew attaches God to Jesus' status as the Messiah. Furthermore, Jesus' final words begin, "Lo, I am with you always, to the close of the age." This suggests that the role of the Shekinah of God is with Matthew's community. Moreover, Matthew links his gospel to the Old Testament, quite frequently showing links to Moses. ...read more.


Matthew's impression of Jesus is that he is of royal roots, possesses divine authority, and has the privileges and powers of God. The Matthean motive in the presentation of Jesus is his inherent relationship to the Old Testament, showing he is not a contradiction to Judaism but rather the climax and completion of Judaic faith. Matthew seems to have various purposes. But, it most probably was written to demonstrate that Jesus was the Messiah. In this regard, the genealogy was probably meant to demonstrate Jesus' Messiahship to a Jewish audience that required proof of Jesus? heredity; the miracles of Jesus affirmed Jesus? authority as a spokesman for God; and the Old Testament links and quotations showed that Jesus is the fulfilment of the hope of Israel. Some motifs and themes in the Gospel indicate that Matthew wrote to encourage his audience to stand firm in their faith in their Messiah and resist the Jewish authorities who were persecuting them. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Christianity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Christianity essays

  1. Outline and examine Jesus attitudes concerning wealth and the poor. To what extent do ...

    the afterlife, contrasting with the beliefs that had resonated in their society for generations. In addition, according the year of the Jubilee it said that good new would be brought to the rich and they would be entitled to heaven.

  2. Luke's Gospel

    It is thought that they are skilful translations of a Hebrew book. The resurrection story also seems to have come from a special source. In using Mark, Luke frequently abbreviates, and he leaves out a number of passages. It has been thought by some that his copy of Mark did

  1. The Gospel was written to prove to non-believers that Jesus Christ is the Son ...

    At Peter's confession of faith , Peter claimed that Jesus was ' the Christ of God' , Jesus then instructed Peter and the disciples not to tell anyone and said " The son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders, chief priests and teachers of

  2. The Synoptic Problem

    Streeter believed that the order of the gospels was Mark first then Matthew then lastly Luke. He also believed that all the gospels shared a common source which he called Q. This Markan priority theory overtook the Matheau priority in the 19th century.

  1. Outline and Examine Jesus attitudes towards outcasts in Lukes Gospel.To what extent do these ...

    away from towns, yet Jesus still goes out and associates himself with them regardless of their condition, as even though he doesn't touch them he still heals them no matter what. Another attitude we see that Jesus has with the outcasts is that they have more faith to God and

  2. The purpose of this essay is too define and explain Orientalism, and how the ...

    Ricci spent a great deal of time extolling the virtues of European civilization, and purity of the Catholic faith17. Ricci hoped to rid China of corruption, create a perfect Christian society, and cleanse China of heathen practices such as abstaining from meat year round and homosexuality18.

  1. Examine and Consider critically the view of Scholars concerning the content and purpose of ...

    throughout, so that when we come back to the Prologue we can find that it holds a lot more significance. They wrote specifically, " the preface to the Fourth Gospel, with its movement from the Word to the Son of God, is both an introduction and a conclusion to the whole work.

  2. With reference to the topics you have ...

    Personally i believe that the soul is resurrected and moves on in life and that our bodies will rise up at the Parousia. Therefore it is an important aspect to our understanding of life after death. Monism is the theological view that all is one and this will help us

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work