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Describe Platos Theory of Body and Soul.

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Sara Penny Philosophy Describe Platos Theory of Body and Soul: Plato regarded the body and soul as two separate entities. As a duelist, he posited an 'unreal' world of the senses (the world we are currently in) and a 'real' world of ideal forms, the world of forms being where our soul first resided. Plato believed that all knowledge was recollection. He stated that we all have innate knowledge that tells us about the things we experience in this world. This knowledge, Plato believed, was gained when the soul resided in the world of forms. He argued that when our souls lived in the ideal world they experienced perfect forms before being reincarnated to this world. ...read more.


When the body and soul combine the body obstructs the souls ability to recall the ideal forms. Our minds long for our soul to remember the world of forms, but our body fights our mind by blocking it with sense pleasures. Needs like eating and sleeping are constantly interrupting our minds from pursuing more intellectual pursuits. Plato writes 'The body is the source of endless trouble to us by reason of the mere requirement of food: and is liable also to diseases which overtake and impede us in the search after true being: it fills us full of loves, and lusts, and fears and fancies of all kinds, and endless foolery, and in fact. ...read more.


For example a person may crave or have an appetite for something, yet resist the craving with willpower. Plato contended that for our souls to function properly we should let reason, the highest part of the soul, to control the lowest part, appetite, with help from will. When we die, Plato believed our soul returned to the world of forms, to begin the cycle once more, the movement of the soul, Plato referred to as Transmigration. This means that our soul, according to Plato is immortal and unchanging - 'The soul most closely resembles the divine and immortal, intelligible and uniform and indissoluble and ever-unchangeable' In Platos book 'The Phaedo' Plato attempts to justify his beliefs by giving logical and reasonable arguments, often known today as 'The argument from the cycle of opposites' and 'The argument from knowledge' ...read more.

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