• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss Aquinas' Cosmological Argument to try to prove the existence of God

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐The Aquinas Cosmological Argument to try to prove the existence of God The cosmological argument is an argument for the existence of God based on observation of the world (the effect) from which a conclusion about the cause is drawn. The existence of the world is held to point to the existence of something outside the world, without which the world would not exist. This external factor is what all people understand to be God. Through Aquinas? arguments, God is shown to be the prime mover, first cause and necessary being, that which depends on nothing. Aquinas?s first way is based upon motion. Aquinas believed that an object only moved when a force was applied upon it. He then believed that this chain of movements or causes cannot go back to infinity because he believed there had to be a reasonable explanation for the existence of things. ...read more.


Therefore, there must have been a first cause which causes everything but itself is uncaused, this is because if something was caused by something else then it is not the first cause, so according to Aquinas it is not possible to say that it is caused itself because then that would conclude that it had previously existed. So overall there must have been a first uncaused causer who is God. Both the first and second ways are similar because they are both based upon cause and effect. They both begin in a similar structure of beginning with the features of the world that we all already experience, for example in his first way it is the existence of motion and in his second way is the existence of causation. ...read more.


Thus there must have always been something since there is something now. Everything is contingent, it could exist but also not exist, therefore there is a possibility there is a time where nothing existed. However if that were true then there would be nothing here now as contingent entities must have a first cause. Therefore overall, there must have been at least one necessary being, something that has always existed and can be the cause of all other contingent features. This necessary being is God. God for Aquinas seems to be like Aristotle?s final cause of the universe. This is because for Aquinas, God is what started the universe, God who creates and Sustains. He is the maker and the purpose that the world is about God who made the universe with a purpose in mind. Also because Aquinas was a Christian he naturally believed that the universe was created by God and would not think any other theories about it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Explain Aquinas cosmological argument for the existence of God. Humes criticisms ...

    seeing causes and effects this is because there is sufficient evidence to believe this. Since all things in the universe are, in my opinion, dependent on something else for their own existence, for example, people would not have existed without their parents, the universe as a whole can be seen

  2. Describe the main strengths and weaknesses of the cosmological argument for the existence of ...

    For we normally do agree that we have to ask what brings it about that particular things exist. And this point is important in considering the cosmological argument.40 Is Hume's argument such to make it reasonable to disbelieve in the intuitive correctness of the view that if X exists then

  1. Explain the cosmological argument for existence of God

    may seem, if an infinite amount of time was had, it would happen. Although logical, Aquinas is detracting people from a possible argument for the existence of G-d by refusing to concede the possibility of infinite regression. David Hume also argued against Aquinas' argument.

  2. The Metamorphosis: Existence.

    At least no one would take away this picture, (Kafka 35/36) He holds on tightly to his humanity. The glass of the picture acts as a reminder that he can never posses this picture and therefore his humanity is out of reach.

  1. Conscience is the voice of God - discuss

    If the latter is not taught by the Church then it is ignorance yes, but not necessarily invincible. Despite these apparent issues with this form of ethical conduct, the Roman Catholic Magisterium has rejected Augustine's view in favour of Aquinas'.

  2. Assess whether the cosmological argument proves the existence of God.

    As Hume would say if we have explained each cause in a series, it is unreasonable to ask what the cause of the series as a whole is. Bertrand Russell highlights this point greatly with his example of human beings and mothers.

  1. Explain the Cosmological Argument for the existence of God, according to Aquinas

    This principle is the 2nd way in Aquinas? cosmological argument. Aquinas added to this and wrote that to start this cause and effect chain of events there first must be a first cause, which is mentioned in the three ways of the cosmological argument.

  2. Comapring Aristotle's Prime Mover and the Judeo-Christian God

    Many Christians disagree with this and try to solve the Problem of Evil in the following ways: Some believe in a ?test of faith? theory which means they believe God makes us suffer to help us to believe in him more e.g the Story of Job in the Bible.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work