• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the weaknesses of design arguments for the existence of God

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Evaluate the weaknesses of design arguments for the existence of God (9) The design argument is an a posteriori argument for the existence of god based on apparent design and purpose in the universe. The argument is based on an interpretation of teleology where in purpose and intelligent design appears to exist in nature beyond the scope of any such human activities. The teleological argument suggests that, given the premise, the existence of a designer can be assumed, typically presented as God. It is an inductive argument which means that we learn something new and it goes beyond the truth of the premise which may or may not be a good thing. The fall of it going beyond the truth of the premise is that we can never fully trust the conclusion which may mean that we cannot fully justify and explain the argument. ...read more.

Middle

Even though the design argument is a feature of the natural theology it may be able to convince those who do not believe religion. The reason is that the argument doesn't use any holy scriptures but this could be disbelieved as evidence of the natural world cannot be used as proof also. William Paley, who was Archdeacon of Carlisle, used an analogy of someone coming across a watch on a heath. In his analogy he said, if that person was to look down and see a watch would they question the designer of that watch? They would notice how the watch worked in order to tell the time, and would conclude that there must have been an intelligent designer to have made this watch. ...read more.

Conclusion

If someone comes across a machine they assume that it has more than one designer, therefore there should be more than one God. Charles Darwin is the proponent of the theory of Natural Selection. Darwinism thus postulates that the fittest and healthiest members of society survive and their characteristics are passed down giving the appearance of design in the universe Richard Dawkins, a biological materialist and reductionists, supported Darwin by arguing that random mutations in DNA alone give rise to variation in the world and the illusion of design. For Dawkins, life amounts to nothing more than bytes of digital information contained in the quaternary code, DNA. Darwinism presents a challenge to arguments from design, because it suggests an alternative reason why creatures seem to be so well suited for their purposes. When evaluating the weaknesses of design arguments for the existence of god, ?? ?? ?? ?? Kerrie Freeman ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

3/5

The essay makes a number of good points and makes a number of decent attempts to evaluate throughout. This is the key to getting marks for this sort of essay, which explicitly asks for evaluation. The response is rather brief though. More arguments could be discussed, both to display knowledge and to give the students something more to talk about in their evaluation. The essay would be improved by making a clear attempt to weigh up the pros and cons of the arguments discussed and to attempt an overall conclusion. This is suggested by the essay question. As the question specifically asks one to evaluate the weaknesses of the design argument, the introductory material and explanations are irrelevant, further limiting the useful content of the essay. Focus on this would be required to get a top mark in the essay. It would also be ideal to offer an original argument as to whether the weaknesses are fatal overall or not to the argument.

Marked by teacher David Moss 31/03/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. What are the principles of natural law? Every adult has the right to become ...

    However, for an act to be truly moral it is not sufficient to do a right action, the motive must be moral as well. For example, helping an old lady across the road is the right thing to do, but if the motive is for personal gain then it is wrong.

  2. Describe the main strengths and weaknesses of the cosmological argument for the existence of ...

    If everything were contingent, there would have been a time when there was nothing. 4) If there ever was a time when there was nothing, there would be nothing now. 5) There is not nothing now (something now exists).

  1. summary of the design argument

    The source of intelligence must be God, as he is the only rational explanation of beneficial order. Secondly, in 1802 William Paley proposed his well- renowned version of the teleological argument; in which a watch is compared to the world.

  2. Critically assess the design argument

    that the cause of this order is design and planning, he argued that order and design could have evolved. Similarly, Einstein is against the design argument as he argues that it is more probable that the universe came about by chance and is ruled by blind forces.

  1. Explain Plato's Theory of Forms

    It relies on the 'Analogy of the Cave' to support and explain its' details. This suggests that Plato is unsure of Forms himself, or at least how to explain them. It is suggested that the Theory is unsure of the extent of the Forms, for example, is there a Form for humanity or each individual?

  2. Explain and evaluate the role of conscience in moral decision-making

    way that it had the last say when it comes to moral decision making. Butler described a hierarchy of human nature in which the desire for food and other animal instincts are at the bottom and the conscience at the top.

  1. Explain and evaluate Augustine's Theodicy

    He still says God created all things, continuing to argue that he originally created them all good. Augustine also understood evil to be a term called "private boni", which means a "privation of good". Evil is the going wrong of something that is good in itself for Augustine.

  2. Philosophers have proved conclusively that religious language is meaningful. Discuss

    Tillich believed that religious language operates as a symbol and therefore it must be meaningful. Tillich maintained that religious language is a symbolic way of pointing towards the ultimate reality, the vision of God which he called ?Being-Itself?. ?Being-Itself? is that upon which everything depends for its being and Tillich

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work