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Examine and comment on the view that the principle of the sanctity of life should always be considered of first Importance in medical ethics

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Euthanasia Essay Examine and comment on the view that the principle of the sanctity of life should always be considered of first Importance in medical ethics, with reference to the topic you have investigated... Euthanasia is defined as the act of killing someone painlessly especially someone suffering from an incurable terminal disease either at their request. As the law stands in England, Wales and Scotland, deliberate or 'active' euthanasia will normally leave anyone assisting suicide or death liable for murder. Euthanasia has been legalised in a number of European countries, namely The Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland. Additionally, the US state of Oregon has a 'Death with Dignity Act' and Australia the Northern Territories ruling. A recent case which caught public attention was that of Anthony Bland. Anthony Bland was a seventeen left severely brain damaged after disaster. Anthony Bland had been in a permanent vegetative state until 1993, when his parents and the NHS from the High Court to withdraw the artificial nutrition and hydration that was keeping him alive. The High Court and the House of Lords agreed. The Roman Catholic Church disagrees with Euthanasia and believes it is as murder. In Evangelium Vitae, Pope John Paul II said that to cause death in this way was 'a grave violation of the law of God'. ...read more.


This says the temple of God cannot be destroyed. Furthermore (Ecclesiastes 'For everything there is a season...a time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up what is planted' This teaches that we as humans do not have the right to decide when to die. From analysing the bible it is clear that generally Christians The absolutism of Natural Law can be considered strength and it has been described as a simple, universal guide for judging the moral value of human behaviour. It states how humans and God share the same rationality, therefore making this philosophy more accessible. However, for those without faith in God it is not necessarily suitable for basing morals and ethical decisions on and it may be seen as too absolutist in solving complicated ethical problems. When applying Aquinas theories to the debate on euthanasia, it would appear that because it does not promote life and Gods power over this life, it is not compatible. By taking away a life that God has no chosen to do, we are playing God and this is wrong according to Aquinas. Peter Singer dismisses the idea of sanctity of life and suggests that our attitudes are changing. ...read more.


I think here Rachels wants society should decide whether euthanasia is permissible in regards to which death would be brought upon the individual, which of course would be the most humane. Rachels furthers bringing up the case where a patients suffering can not be relieved by care. He suggest the idea that active euthanasia in this specific case should be used rather than passive euthanasia because it would free the patient of their suffering more quickly. Problems and issues will be raised if Euthanasia is legalised as it could lead to a slippery slope and the facility may be abused. Terminally ill may feel pressured to die to relief their 'burden' on their families and also then there is the problem of the interpretation of a person quality of life. Where will it stop at? Anybody with imperfections could be deemed to have a low quality of life death, handicapped, blind or elderly. We never be able to fully measure quality of life for this reason I believe sanctity of life is of greater importance because it sets the rules straight and there can be no misinterpretations which arise with QOL. The different Christian denominations have their own views and opinion on the subject of euthanasia but the Roman Catholic is absolute stating that life itself is valuable and sacred and if any person can be kept alive without futile treatment they should. ...read more.

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