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Examine the guidelines of the Shariah considering the use of force

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Introduction

Jo Batty 1a) Examine the guidelines of the Shariah considering the use of force (20marks) The Shariah is the Islamic Law for Muslims; the word Shariah means a clear straight path, the way in which God wants men to walk. It gives all the basic rules and regulations as to how human beings should live and act in political, economic, social and collective individual spheres. The Shariah was compiled using the Qur'an, the Sunnah and the Hadith. The Qur'an is the word of God and tells Muslims everything on how to live their life but as Muslims scholars tried to work out how to live their lives they discovered that the Qur'an didn't cover some areas and so therefore they looked to the Sunnah and the Hadith. ...read more.

Middle

to help make the final decision. The Qur'an holds a position of absolute authority within the Islamic society and it is the most accurate account of Allah's will. The Qur'an suggests that force is part of the divine plan and that victory is granted only by God, for example, after the battle of Bad'r Mohammad received a revelation " It was not ye who slew them; it was God" (Surah 8:17). A Muslim who is defending or expanding their faith is acting on behalf of God and the Shariah's guidelines reflect this " Leave is given to those who fight because they were wronged" . ...read more.

Conclusion

It can only be called for by a pious spiritual leader and fought for by devout Muslims. The Hadith and the Sunnah support the Qur'an and criticize the use of force, Mohammad told a Muslim commander "do not fight them...wait till they slay your men" Ijma, Qiyas and ijtihad are the three main principles of decision making however in reality they are overlooked for political and social gain, for example the Lockerby bombing preformed by Libyan terroists was an indiscriminate act of killing and was inconsistent with the guidelines of the Prophet. In conclusion although the Shariah supports the use of violence it has not often been used as the last resort, resulting in a largely negative attitude towards Islam's use of force in the west. ...read more.

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