• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the key ideas and strengths of the design argument for the existence of God

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Teleological Argument Examine the key ideas and strengths of the design argument for the existence of God? The design argument is also known as the teleological argument. The word teleological has its root in the Greek word telos, meaning purpose or order .It attempts to prove Gods existence by using the posteriori argument, based on observations or an experiences. ?What could be more clear or obvious when we look up to the sky and contemplate the heavens, than there is some divinity or intelligence??- Cicero The two main advocates of this theory are St. Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century and William Paley in the 19th century; we will examine both in turn. We will also examine the Aesthic view and Richard Swinburne argument. St.Thomas Aquinas believed that existence of god could be proven. In his Summa Theologiae Aquinas put forward five proofs (or five ways) for the existence of God:First Way ? Argument from Motion Second Way ? Causation of Existence Third Way ? Contingent and Necessary Objects Fourth Way ? The Argument from Degrees and Perfection Fifth Way ? The Argument from Intelligent Design. ...read more.

Middle

The universe is so complex but intricate in design for example the distance of the sun from the Earth no to close or not to far just perfect to sustain life. Paley suggests that the universe itself is proof of an intelligent designer and could have not come by accident. He also suggests that everything had been designed to fulfill a purpose for example a Human Eye. And designed to order or regularity e.g. Newton?s Law. ?These phenomena are clearly too big for science to explain. Postulating to a God merely explains things that science has yet to explain. Richard Swinburne Richard Swinburne suggests that the probability that the world was created by chance is there but very low and remarks that the very existence of it and the human opportunities to do good, the pattern of history the evidence of miracles and religious experience. Only omnipotent, omnibenevolent God is able to produce a world orderly in these respects. Atheistic argument suggests the world is beautiful, the water and the mountains, the animals for example all the beautiful colours of the peacock it is beauty that goes beyond that which is necessary to live. ...read more.

Conclusion

Design can never be an ultimate explanation for anything. It can only be a proximate explanation. A plane or a car is explained by a designer but that's because the designer himself, the engineer, is explained by natural selection. Richard Dawkins In Conclusion there are lot of challenges against the Teleological arguments for example Hume and the carmaker, Mill and the poor designer. Darwin and Dawkins on natural selection. To challenge these I would argue who made the carmaker, the poor design (evil and good) is part of Gods creation to bring balance to the world and so evolution is part of his creation. We cannot be here by chance, there are more than 10 billion nerve cells in your brain. Each one sprouts between 10,00 and 100,00 fibers to contact other nerve cells, creating over one trillion connections that is the same as a forest covering 1 million square miles, with 10,000 tree per square mile and on each of these trees there are over 100,000 leaves That?s how many connections you have in your brain. Did this happen by chance? My conclusion is that God is the designer of the universe. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Examine the strengths and weaknesses of the design argument for the existence of God.

    4 star(s)

    Darwin provided an alternative explanation which to many people seemed more plausible that the existence of God. Richard Dawkins a modern supporter of Darwin and a strong critic of design arguments for the existence of God. He thinks that religious beliefs encourage you not to think and that theists assume

  2. Marked by a teacher

    The design argument is also known as the teleological argument. The argument looks at ...

    3 star(s)

    He argued that it's possible to imagine a chaotic universe, where there are no rules. The universe is evidently not chaotic. In fact it appears to be design to support life. Further, It appears to be beautiful at all levels.

  1. Describe the main strengths and weaknesses of the cosmological argument for the existence of ...

    if the past is infinite, there is no beginning to start from. All in all, we are left without reason to think that the infinity premises of these arguments are true. We also have no reason to think they are false, so for all we know the second way is

  2. Examine the main strengths and weakness of the Cosmological argument for the existence of ...

    The Cosmological argument is undoubtedly logically in its progression, as each premise follows the other, backed up with universal evidence. However, the fact that it is logical does not mean the explanation is a correct one. Some philosophers have argued that the existence of the universe is far more complex

  1. Outline the teleological proof of the existence of God

    The problem Johnson had with Darwin's evolution theory was that some single celled organisms are just too complex to say that they were just a product of pure chance. Behe develops this idea by using an example of a bacterium's biological motor.

  2. Assess What Can Be Concluded From The Teleological Argument

    fall into an order that allows them to be stable and their potential realized. This occurs purely through chance and is not the work of any supreme being. To contrast this some would argue that God designed those particles and he designed them knowing that they would eventually reach that formation.

  1. What are they key features of the design argument for the existence of God?

    Taylor argues that Nature seems to plan in advance for the needs of animals and humans. Such planning cannot be accounted for by physical laws alone as there are inumberable ways that electrons could run. Therefore there must be more than physical laws to account for the tremendously high improbability of life.

  2. The design arguments prove Gods existence. Assess this view.

    Modern scientific developments may turn out to pose great problems for Aquinas; however we cannot blame Aquinas for these, as they were discovered a long time after his death. Another design argument worth mentioning, probably the most famous design argument from analogy, was put forth by eighteenth century English philosopher, William Paley.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work