• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the main differences between Matthews and Lukes accounts of Jesus trial, crucifixion and death and explain what both teach about the person of Jesus through these accounts

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Examine the main differences between Matthew?s and Luke?s accounts of Jesus? trial, crucifixion and death and explain what both teach about the person of Jesus through these accounts. Matthew: Heightening of the Supernatural; 1. Matthew 26:53, The idea of God sending armies of angels, even if put on one side, sets the scene in a supernatural context. 2. Matthew 27:19, Pilate?s wife?s warning. Dreams, as a vehicle for God?s message, are common in the Old Testament (e.g. Joseph in prison). 3. Matthew 27: 52-53, The earthquake and the resurrection of the saints at the death of Jesus emphasise that the new era has begun. 4. Matthew 28:2, The earthquake and the rolling away of the stone. Notice that the stone is moved to show the grave is empty. Matthew does not suggest that Jesus needed letting out. ...read more.

Middle

3. Matthew 26:31, The Old Testament reference is from Zechariah 13:7 and is included, like many others, to show that events in the life and death of Jesus are unfolding according to the prophecies. 4. Matthew 26:53, The language about God sending armies of angels is very similar to passages found in the scrolls from the Dead Sea caves which probably belonged to the Essene, a Jewish sect living in the first century. 5. Matthew 27:24, Pilate washes his hands. This is the most dramatic of the many ways used by Evangelists to stress that Pilate was reluctant to condemn Jesus and it was the Jewish authorities who were responsible for his death. Jewish Christians saw this rejection by the Jewish authorities as crucial. It was their justification and defence against the charge, levied by their relatives that they had deserted the faith of their fathers. ...read more.

Conclusion

This story is found only in Matthew. It is highly defensive and included to refute a belief commonly held among Jews. It certainly suggests that the accusation that the disciples had stolen the body of Jesus was around when the Gospel was written. 8. Matthew 28:1, as a guard has been set, the women can only come to look at the grave. Matthew has followed Mark?s account closely, just altering and adding a little to aid the readers of his Church to understand the person and message of Jesus. From the changes he made, redaction scholars deduce that he has a Jewish-Christian picture of Jesus and Jewish interests. In this gospel, Jesus is the suffering Messiah. It had not been expected that the Messiah would suffer, so Matthew is careful to show that what happened is a fulfilment of the prophecies. He is also concerned to show the Church as a separate entity to traditional Judaism, and as the bearer and interpreter of the story of salvation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Christianity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Christianity essays

  1. The Status of Women In the New Testament.

    that the author of Mark's Gospel did not always see it necessary to include the name. It is significant that in this passage of Mark 14:9 where Jesus pronounces that 'wherever the gospel is preached in the whole world, what she has done will be told in memory of her.'

  2. The Gospel was written to prove to non-believers that Jesus Christ is the Son ...

    Jesus taught many parables showing people how they should live their lives , and hinting his identity. Those who were ready to know , understood the parables well and probably knew who Jesus was.

  1. Discuss and assess the view that according to the author of Lukes gospel it ...

    Jesus was often found among the Pharisees discussing and even having meals together. Jesus accompanied by his disciples undergone many clashes about the Sabbath and its laws. The 4th Commandment in Exodus states that we have 6 days of labour and 1 day of rest known as Sabbath.

  2. Outline and Examine Jesus attitudes towards outcasts in Lukes Gospel.To what extent do these ...

    that need it, which in this parable is Levi, as people considered him to be committing sin by being a tax collector. Tannehill agrees with what Jesus says in this parable, as he says that the banquet wasn't just an ordinary meal, but one of celebration, which in Tannehill's eyes,

  1. What do we learn about Luke's intentions from the birth and infancy narratives?

    For example, many people in the Old Testament including things such as: angels, miraculous births and minor characters. The first time we see Luke drawing on his rich Old Testament background, is when we are shown 'Mary's Magnificat'. This is very similar to the song that Hannah sings in 1 Samuel 2:1-10.

  2. Critically examine the aim and purpose of Matthews Gospel

    An example of the hostility to the Christians from the Pharisees is found in the birkit ha minim, "let them not be written with the righteous." So it could be argued that Matthew was writing to encourage his readers to keep going but also to define and defend his Christian community.

  1. Comparing accounts in the Gospels of Mark and Matthew

    Therefore, they woke Jesus up to rescue them. In Mark, the disciples addressed Jesus as teacher (Mk 4: 38), however in Matthew, the disciples addressed Jesus as Lord (Mt 8:25). In both Mark and Matthew, Jesus rebuked the wind and waves.

  2. With reference to the topics you have ...

    The Greek Tradition is that the Hellenistic thinking originated from Plato who said that the soul is immaterial and does not occupy space. It therefore does not disintegrate. It is immortal. Whereas the Jewish view is that they believed that, in some way, the soul begins to perish at death,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work