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Examine the main ideas and strengths of the design argument for the existence of God

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Introduction

(A) Examine The Main Ideas And Strengths Of The Design Argument For The Existence Of God The argument of design observes how and why the features of the cosmos have come to be in their positions. I'm going to examine the key ideas in this essay. The argument can be split into two main categories, purpose and regularity. A good example of an argument that focuses on the purpose is that of William Paley's. His main idea is teleological and is that God does exist because the natural world shows evidence of order and purpose. Therefore, by analogy the natural world must also have a designer. He pointed out that a watch looks as if it has been designed because all the parts fit together that directly work towards a purpose. Paley clarified that "every manifestation on design, which existed in the watch, exists in the works of nature" He then suggests that this could not have come about by chance, so God must be the designer. David Hume criticises the analogical form of the argument, and his criticism particularly applies to Paley. ...read more.

Middle

He (uncritically) accepts Paley's argument from design: "This analogy of animals to complex machines seems to be correct, and its conclusion justified." (By conclusion he means that animals and humans must have had God as their designer). However, he says, this argument does not give any reason to suppose that God made humans and animals on one particular day in history, rather than through a gradual process of evolution. (This is in direct conflict with the creation story in Genesis). Remarkably he accepts Darwinism as told by Richard Dawkins, including the involvement of chance in evolution. It seems to be in conflict with his own statement that chance cannot produce beautiful adapted organisms (Paley's argument from design). The strength of Swinburne's analysis is the fact that he is not speaking as the theologian arguing from a basic story line but is rather speaking as a distinguished professor of philosophy from Oxford University, working well within the boundaries of his own discipline, acknowledging the data of all the sciences, making it a relevant to the subject. Swinburne has used his hypothesis and said nothing whatsoever of his defence of why God, by definition, would likely be motivated in the creation of an orderly, universe. ...read more.

Conclusion

It has also been argued that the creation of the universe could just happening by random chance is very inevitable. However, someone could oppose that idea and say that it is as plausible as an explanation. There is also a contrast between the movements from designer to God. When they say a designer do they mean God or something else? It sometimes hard to define what point the philosopher is trying to make. Coming to a conclusion I have identified that the weaknesses can sometimes seem more appealing than the strengths. To decide whether the view is a more convincing weakness or strength you have to decide whether the view is acceptable by seeing if the design could be due to chance, looking at how valid it is to move from a designer to the idea of God and if the argument is better as part of a cumulative argument. Overall both the weaknesses and the strengths are fairly in balance with each other, therefore causing the argument to be acceptable. If the argument just happened to be unbalanced with just strengths or weaknesses then it would be hard to justify the means of the idea with society. ?? ?? ?? ?? Carmen Barlow R.S Essay ...read more.

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