• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Exclusivism is the only coherent position which Christian Theology can hold.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Exclusivism is the only coherent position which Christian Theology can hold. Exclusivism holds that those who do not believe in Christianity will not be assured salvation, and they will be condemned to hell. This view is held by fundamentalist evangelical Christians in Exclusivism's strongest form and Catholicism in a weaker form. If Christianity were not exclusive in any way, then what would be the point of following it and not another religion which claimed to be exclusive? Other religions do hold certain similarities to Christianity, indeed there are even many discrepancies between Christian denominations. However, other religions have certain beliefs which are necessary for salvation, but they do not have sufficient beliefs for salvation. Exclusivism realises that there are many paths to the same salvation, but the other paths are not sufficient. Christianity is made distinct by its following of Jesus Christ. By coming down to earth, Jesus Christ offered himself to a death he freely accepted to take away our sins. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore it is difficult condemn such people, especially if they live lives of virtuous paragon. The authority of the Bible is not essential to all who can achieve salvation. Furthermore, what about those who for whatever circumstances never knew about Christ and Christianity (e.g. those who lived before Jesus)? Augustine argued that God knew who would and would not accept the word of the Gospel, and therefore argues that everyone is predestined. Aquinas took up a similar stance, saying that special revelation would be given to those in extraordinary situations, and he gives the example of a child being brought up by wolves. However, natural revelation could not secure salvation but only prepare the person so that when they finally encountered the Gospel, their minds would be ready to embrace it fully. This enables this argument to work even if people have divine experiences, but believe in another religion. Furthermore in Peter the "ecclesia ab Abel" argument is that after Christ died, "he descended to the dead" for three days, in order to save those ...read more.

Conclusion

This suggests that the non-Christians who can be saved cannot be dedicated to another religion such as Judaism or Islam. However, the essential reason as to why Christian Theologies have to be exclusivist in order to hold a coherent position is that they would otherwise people would do necessary acts, but not sufficient acts (such as the fundamental conviction in the Bible and Christ). If Christianity were not exclusivist, then there would be no reason as to why one ought to follow this path to salvation than another, different path to salvation. However, this Exclusivism can be in the form of a weak Exclusivism, where an implicit desire for the gospel and the sacraments of baptism and Eucharist can ensure salvation even if these cannot be received in reality. However, the stress is that other religions cannot receive salvation, even though there is a bit of Christ in all of us, as their teachings are fundamentally different, and therefore the wrong values towards salvation are being promoted. ?? ?? ?? ?? 10/05/2007 1 Will Forbes ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Christianity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Christianity essays

  1. Assess the view that the signs in Johns Gospel are actually early Christian theology. ...

    A strong link is created between Jesus and the Father who sent him, and Christ's divine knowingness is shown, so it could also be argued that John includes elements of Christology in the signs, which certainly points to them being early Christian theology.

  2. The Ideas of Hell and Purgatory: A Wide Shift from Then to Now.

    understand God's action in the world; a deeper sociological awareness has made us more sensitive to the ways in which specifically Western and patriarchal attitudes have moulded Christian beliefs" (McManners 570). The growing interest in diversity and the safeguard of being politically correct in order to not offend anyone has affected Christian belief.

  1. Explain the beliefs Christians hold about their responsibility for those at the beginning and ...

    Some Christians may feel that Euthanasia should be allowed as in some circumstances it would be more 'loving to let someone die if letting them carry on living was causing them so much pain. Most Christians however do not agree because they say human life is sacred and only God has the authority to take it.

  2. Using specific examples from the biblical texts, compare the theology of two of the ...

    Mark's special concern for the topic of persecution would be addressing the pressing issues for Roman Christians. Matthew Christology in Matthew The various Gospels paint slightly different answers to the question 'who is Jesus?'. Reumann in 'Variety and Unity in the New Testament' says that the Christology is based upon

  1. GCSE Religion Coursework- Christian Vocations

    This enables them to live their lives in the service of others as Jesus did. Being poor themselves they are sensitive to the needs of the poor in a way rich people can never be. This is where the meaning of Christian poverty began.

  2. For a Christian euthanasia can never be a good death. Discuss

    and it would become the first step towards state control of the right to life. Also, a Christian should be sensitive to these concerns. Rowan Williams also stated his view on euthanasia could not be a good death for a Christian.

  1. ''What is boasted of at the present time as the revival of religion is ...

    be insufficient but that it should be so excessive as to interfere unduly with human freedom and individuality.'(Chpt.3, 'Utilitarianism'). This may be a little unreasonable; is it not possible that people can believe in God and share the morals of Christianity, yet think for themselves in other departments?

  2. Outline the key elements in Paul’s theology of the cross of Jesus, making careful ...

    once and for all, but the life he lives he lives to God. So you must also consider yourselves dead to sin and alive to God in Christ Jesus" (Romans 6:10-11) In this verse Paul emphasises the fact that Jesus' crucifixion upon the cross is representative of mankind being cleansed from sin.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work