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Explain and assess Nietzsche's critique of past philosophers.

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Introduction

Explain and assess Nietzsche's critique of past philosophers The desire of most philosophers, Nietzsche says, is to find truth. Nietzsche doesn't see why this is. In the second aphorism, he asks why don't we look for untruth? He believes that beliefs are more important than finding truth because, for him, there is no real truth. Philosophers state a truth or known fact as if it were the ultimate knowledge, but Nietzsche says that really they are giving their opinions about things. Philosophers don't have knowledge - just beliefs. He says that philosophers' prejudices about the world influence the things they say and what they think they know and so we shouldn't pay too much attention to the actual things they're saying. ...read more.

Middle

Too much emphasis has been made of truth. However, there must be some truths in the world, even if it is very basic without our perceptions. For example, if I see a can on a table, I know that there is one object on top of another object, even if it is only my perception telling me what the objects are? Plato is a philosopher that Nietzsche heavily disagrees with. Plato said that this life isn't the real one and that when we die, we will go on to a real world that is better than this one. Nietzsche says this is not true. There is not another world or life apart from the one we are living in. ...read more.

Conclusion

He criticises Schaupenhauer for not wanting to say yes to life. But if Nietzsche knows that there is no truth or outside world then he must be sure of this. Therefore, he knows something. Nietzsche disagrees with Descartes because Descartes believes that we can know one thing for certain - I think therefore I am, and from this we can prove that other things are certain, such as God and the rest of the world. Nietzsche says that this isn't the case and that we cannot know that there is such an 'I' - it is not an immediate certainty. There might not be individual thoughts thinking this, but one big collective thought. But how can I not know I exist when I am thinking? Every individual person has his or her own thoughts which mean that they must exist, otherwise how could they, collectively or individually, be thinking? Tisha Dyer ...read more.

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