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Explain Ethical Monotheism

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Explain Ethical Monotheism Marc Bye Monotheism in and of itself is comprised of several compilatory words, starting sequentially with mono. Mono is a common prefix used to denote singularity. Theo is used as the word G-d or used in reference to related subjects and ism is a suffix used to show the belief in something and the total word (Monotheism) being the belief in one G-d. This coupled with the word ethical, a word meaning the standards of right and wrong otherwise known as morals, means the belief in one G-d who sets the standards of right and wrong. Plato's allegory of the cave is the belief that there is something more than this imperfect physical world, and just by thinking about it you can be released. This ties in to Judaism because we believe that G-d is outside our physical world. Plato believes that just as shadows which can be distorted and stretched all things under the same heading come from one "form" for example there is one "form" for a cat or a chair regardless of appearance. ...read more.


Thus, is the Jewish belief in G-d. The ethical side can be seen alongside the aforementioned monotheistic side in the Shema. In the first and second sentences proclaim primarily that "Hashem is the One and Only" and secondly, "you shall love Hashem, your G-d". The first clearly states that there is only one G-d but the second is not so obvious, it says to love, not to listen to His moral preaching. To understand how you get to stringent observance from love you need to understand the nature of a personal relationship. By being close to someone, be it love, you would do everything to do as they say, and such is the Jewish obligation to keep to the moral boundaries set by Hashem and his mitzvot in the torah. In the second paragraph of the Shema you see the concept of reward and punishment a furtherment on the ethical idealism foreshadowed in the previous paragraph. It can also be expanded to include the idea of a personal G-d due to the reasoning in my next paragraph. ...read more.


such as "outstretched arm", "G-ds eyes", "G-ds feet" and the like. These heighten the feeling of a personal G-d strengthening our relationship and hence our understanding of G-d and with greater understanding in turn comes a stronger relationship. Our ethical behaviour is therefore absolutist as our morals are defined by G-d and is not subject to personal opinion or subjectivity as opposed to relativist where someone can do something they think is right and you think is wrong and both are true in the eyes of each person. The only problem is that being from G-d it may have been misinterpreted and hence there is endless debate on the minor details of every part of Judaism. Judaism is also adamant that there is only one G-d. Other gods either do not exist at all, or they are false gods or demons; i.e., beings that are acknowledged to exist but that cannot be compared in power or any other way with the one and only true G-d. This applies then to Judaism where there is the suggestion of these false gods whilst there is the one true G-d. This position is reinforced by the first commandment. ...read more.

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