• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how a follower of natural law might approach the issues surrounding Abortion.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain how a follower of natural law might approach the issues surrounding Abortion. Natural Law, as outlined and enforced by Thomas Aquinas, says that every living thing has a purpose, and that every solution to a dilemma and every action can be solved by reasoning, which will gain you ultimate happiness. This Is linked with Aristotle's idea that everyone has a specific purpose, and the Primary Precepts can help you to achieve your purpose. This is key knowledge to help with the understanding of Natural Law follower's views about abortion. Human reasoning in any dilemma or problematic situation should be applied to the Primary Precepts of Natural Law. The two main precepts that are concerned in Natural Law with abortion are The Preservation of Life and Reproduction. Generally, conforming to Natural Law, the right action to take would be one that conforms to all the precepts, however with abortion it is not quite as simple. ...read more.

Middle

However this is only if one believes that life begins at conception. Abortion involves taking the life of a foetus that you believe to be a human life, which in turn act against the precept of the Preservation of Life, as you not preserving life, but taking one away. However, there are a few exceptions. Aquinas' Doctrine of Double effect applies these exceptions. Aquinas saw the precepts as absolutely true for every single being, and that using our reasoning can bring us to the right solution in every situation. However there are times when in order to conform to one precept, we must decide to act against another. For example; there is a pregnant woman, however for medical reasons carrying on with the pregnancy would end in her death. She has two choices, one; have the baby and end her own life or two; have an abortion and save her own life. ...read more.

Conclusion

These criteria are suggested by Mary Anne Warren, and are Sentience, Emotionality, Reason, Ability to Communicate, Self-awareness and Moral agency. Conforming to these criteria would mean the a Foetus cannot be classed as a person, as it does not fit into any of these criteria. However, later on in the development of a Foetus it begins to fit into some of the criteria, such as Sentience. Could this mean that a foetus slowly becomes a person? Mary Anne Warren suggests that a Foetus is a potential person, but says that it does not have a right to life, which really does not solve any arguments as to whether or not a Foetus is a person. It is also argued that a potential life, as proposed by Mary Anne Warren, does not have any rights or privileges. This would also mean that a Foetus does not have access to human rights, and the right to life. So that begs the question, if something does not have access to human rights, is it a person? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. To what extent would a follower of Natural Law allow euthanasia?

    This is because the Doctrine does not allow a bad act even if it results in a good consequence. People may argue that to assist someone in killing themselves is a bad act that results in the good consequence of that person being relieved of their pain and this would therefore be wrong according to the Doctrine.

  2. Essay on Law vs. Justice

    Otherwise, we will continue to see more Enron's and WorldCom's, whether new laws are put on the books or not. To conclude, businesses everywhere walk a very fine line when it comes to the topic of law and justice as well as ethics.

  1. Ethical Issues Involved In The Legislation of Euthanasia?

    stop, particularly vulnerable, patients being pressured to choose death when they would rather live for a few more weeks. For safeguards to be meaningful and effective, they have to involve investigations of the patient's psyche, their family dynamics and the financial implications of their death, among with more obvious things

  2. Consider the arguments for and against paid organ donation.

    organ, and without this ability, the UK cannot introduce a fair system of paid organ transplant that will not cause controversy or be universally accepted as reasonable. Altogether, I feel that the falsification method of philosophy offers strong proof that the UK should not adopt a paid organ donor system,

  1. is abortion justified to save the mother's life

    with the claim and respect the justification of the abortion under grounds of 'saving' the mother. Similarly but of a less critical note, many believe the woman should be able to abort an unwanted child, because of that; the child would be unwanted.

  2. "Religious ethics are not the best approach to environmental issues". Discuss.

    it is linked to climate change."6 Bangladesh has been badly affected, with over three thousands residents killed by a recent cyclone. Climate change has been cited as the reason for recent droughts, which have destroyed the crops of peasant farmers, therefore forcing them into greater poverty.

  1. Evaluate a Utilitarian approach to Abortion.

    Mill believed that there is a distinction between 'higher' and 'lower' pleasures. He accepted the idea of a woman giving birth because the outcome of that would be a child so it would be a higher pleasure for the parents and as a consequence the child would cause much pleasure

  2. Abortion and Personhood. Explain how the concept of personhood applies to abortion.

    Also, it could be at some stage during development. Various stages have been suggested, such as from the moment a mother can feel foetal movement, or the stage at which the foetus can feel pain, or the moment when the foetus can survive outside the womb, or the moment when the soul enters the foetus.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work