• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how Muhammad established Islam as a major political and religious force in the world.

Extracts from this document...


Divinity Coursework: Task 1 Explain how Muhammad established Islam as a major political and religious force in the world The prophet Muhammad was born in 570 CE in the town of Makkah in Saudi Arabia. Muhammad lived with lived with his uncle Abu Talib after his parents and grandfather had died. Muhammad worked in his business and quickly earned a great reputation as being very trustworthy and reliable. He was even nicknamed Al-Amin (the trustworthy) he kept this title for the rest of this life. Muhammad was obviously special even from an early age when, on a journey to Syria, a priest called Bahira said that he saw a cloud hovering over the head of Muhammad and had a special mark on his back. ...read more.


He was a very influential preacher who believed that all humans are equal in the eyes of God. Nevertheless, this message was extremely troubling to the chiefs, who felt their authority was being undermined, and they began to attack him and his followers. Pilgrims from Yathrib, a multi faith community in turmoil, had asked Muhammad to come to their town to settle disputes. They chose Muhammad because they were impressed with his wisdom and his moral teaching. When he first arrived at Yathrib, he renamed it Madinah or 'The City of The Prophet'. This was a major step for Islam as we know it today as they were the first town to invite Muhammad in and then be successfully converted and so this was the start of how Islam became a prominent power in both its political and religious sense. ...read more.


The solution was that the Ulma decided that a caliph should be elected by the community to carry on the work of Muhammad. This is the basis of the Sunni branch of Islam. When Ali, Muhammad's cousin, became caliph he was contested by Mu'awiya who refused to acknowledge Ali as caliph. When Ali tried to settle the argument by making him co-caliph, this was catastrophic as normal Muslims also split their view about who should be caliph and refused to accept both of them. As we can the introduction of the caliphs helped to established Islam as a major political and religious force in the world today. Five hundred and eighty four words W. Vaughan 27/04/2007 H:\ew's\E Block\Mich 2002\Coursework\Divinity\Explain how Muhammad established Islam as a major political and religious force in the world.doc ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Islam section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Islam essays

  1. How Islam responds to Relationships

    Only He knows how He ultimately judges. Muslim Beliefs about Contraception Contraception Although Muslims are encouraged to have children, contraception is not prohibited. The method used during the time of the Prophet was `coitus interruptus` (known as 'azl`) about which several hadith exist.

  2. Examine the philosophical beliefs about life after death in Islam.

    us, physical terms have to be used such as "gardens and rivers" in paradise, and the "fire" of hell, to give and idea of what they fell like. However, all these things of the next world actually begin in one's heart in this world.

  1. Islam - The Life of Muhammad

    In contrast, the pagan clan cults of the Qursysh in the city had become decadent, especially in their shameless worship of material goods and worldly wealth and the consequent huge disparities between rich and poor, which Muhammad, with his varied background, was able to appreciate.

  2. sufism is the heart of islam

    and only and the major offence in Islam is to unite an additional with the most glorious Allah. A key theme in Islam is tawhid which is the concept of monotheism and firmly holds that God is the one and only.

  1. Explain the role of religious leaders as a source of authority and assess the ...

    Society is changing by the minute and as the generations of Muslims go by the authority of Qu'ran is getting weaker as the wide spread change occurs. The change is not spread just through western countries but worldwide and the use of technology and availability of it everywhere makes people

  2. How Islam responds to issues about Equality

    Muslims are given a duty to lead other people into their faith, and making people revert (Every human is born Muslim) back to Islam is very important and held in high regard, so much so that in one of the hadiths (lessons from the prophet)

  1. Some westerners think Muslim women do not receive equal treatment with men. In fact, ...

    As well When Islam discusses the deficiencies of women; it is neither insulting them nor belittling them. Some men, unfortunately, do precisely that when they quote the words of the Prophet (peace be upon him) that women "have a deficiency in their intellect and their religion".

  2. Imam Abu Hanifah (ra)The book Qamoos al-alam states: Al-Imam al-azam Abu Hanifa's name was ...

    He slandered Abu Hanifa, Imam Ahmad and their disciples. The 'ulama' of Islam refuted al-Khateeb and censured him. Ibn al-Jawzi's grandson, 'Allamah Yusuf Shams ad-din al-Baghdadi, wrote in his forty-volume book Mirat az-zaman that he was astonished to know that his grandfather had followed al-Khateeb. Imam al-Ghazaali (Rahimahu Allahu Ta'ala), in his Ihya', praises al-Imam al-azam with such words as ''abid', 'zahid' and 'al-'arif billah'.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work