• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how Muhammad established Islam as a major political and religious force in the world.

Extracts from this document...


Divinity Coursework: Task 1 Explain how Muhammad established Islam as a major political and religious force in the world The prophet Muhammad was born in 570 CE in the town of Makkah in Saudi Arabia. Muhammad lived with lived with his uncle Abu Talib after his parents and grandfather had died. Muhammad worked in his business and quickly earned a great reputation as being very trustworthy and reliable. He was even nicknamed Al-Amin (the trustworthy) he kept this title for the rest of this life. Muhammad was obviously special even from an early age when, on a journey to Syria, a priest called Bahira said that he saw a cloud hovering over the head of Muhammad and had a special mark on his back. ...read more.


He was a very influential preacher who believed that all humans are equal in the eyes of God. Nevertheless, this message was extremely troubling to the chiefs, who felt their authority was being undermined, and they began to attack him and his followers. Pilgrims from Yathrib, a multi faith community in turmoil, had asked Muhammad to come to their town to settle disputes. They chose Muhammad because they were impressed with his wisdom and his moral teaching. When he first arrived at Yathrib, he renamed it Madinah or 'The City of The Prophet'. This was a major step for Islam as we know it today as they were the first town to invite Muhammad in and then be successfully converted and so this was the start of how Islam became a prominent power in both its political and religious sense. ...read more.


The solution was that the Ulma decided that a caliph should be elected by the community to carry on the work of Muhammad. This is the basis of the Sunni branch of Islam. When Ali, Muhammad's cousin, became caliph he was contested by Mu'awiya who refused to acknowledge Ali as caliph. When Ali tried to settle the argument by making him co-caliph, this was catastrophic as normal Muslims also split their view about who should be caliph and refused to accept both of them. As we can the introduction of the caliphs helped to established Islam as a major political and religious force in the world today. Five hundred and eighty four words W. Vaughan 27/04/2007 H:\ew's\E Block\Mich 2002\Coursework\Divinity\Explain how Muhammad established Islam as a major political and religious force in the world.doc ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Islam section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Islam essays

  1. Explain the role of religious leaders as a source of authority and assess the ...

    Society is changing by the minute and as the generations of Muslims go by the authority of Qu'ran is getting weaker as the wide spread change occurs. The change is not spread just through western countries but worldwide and the use of technology and availability of it everywhere makes people

  2. The mosques are the most important centres in any Muslim community. From their Minbar ...

    as narrated by Ibn Abbas; "I was not ordered to renovate the masjids" [Abu Dawood]. The Messenger of Allah (salAllahu alaihi wasallam) also said: "The hour will not come until the people show off about the masjid". With respect to the Muslim youth, the current mosque attitudes towards them are

  1. Women in the Arab World: Beyond Stereotypes

    Islam sought to defend the rights of women and improve their standing. It diminished the distinct differences that existed between men and women and recognized their independent status. Women were granted their own right to own, inherit and dispose of their property as they saw fit; rejected forced marriages; their

  2. Examine the philosophical beliefs about life after death in Islam.

    People who have obeyed Allah, and have been good Muslims will go to Heaven and those that haven't will go the Hell. The Qur'an gives a description of heaven. "In gardens of delight they shall enjoy honor and happiness facing each other on thrones: a cup will be passed to

  1. Bismillahi Ar-Rahman - The first edition of the book "The Ruling System"

    life for you in (the law of ) retaliation, O men of understanding .." [2:179] "As for the thief, both male and female, cut off their hands, as a retribution for their deed and an exemplary punishment from Allah" [5:38] "...then, if they suckle for you, give them their due payment."

  2. How Islam responds to issues about Equality

    more than 1 wife under the condition that he has the wealth to pay for them. The Prophet Mohammed one day was questioned by a follower whom should he treat with more affection, he asked the prophet 4 times one after the other who are the most important.

  1. How Islam responds to Relationships

    Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) made it his tradition (sunnah) to have marriage sermon delivered in the assembly to solemnize the marriage. The sermon invites the bride and the groom, as well as the participating guests in the assembly to a life of piety, mutual love, kindness, and social responsibility.

  2. Imam Abu Hanifah (ra)The book Qamoos al-alam states: Al-Imam al-azam Abu Hanifa's name was ...

    He went on, "The great fiqh scholar Shams al-aimmah 'Abdul-Ghaffaar al-Kardari (d. 562/1166 A.D.) said, "It is obvious that this hadith ash-Sharif refers to al-Imam al-azam Abu Hanifa, since he passed away in 150." A hadith ash-Sharif given by al-Bukhaari and Muslim says, "If imaan went to the planet Venus, a man of Faaris (Persian)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work