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Explain Kant(TM)s moral argument for the existence of God and Kant was wrong to suggest that we all share a sense of right and wrong(TM) Discuss

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Introduction

Philosophy and Ethics Christopher Hadden Kant's Moral Argument "Explain Kant's moral argument for the existence of God" (25 marks) Kant's Moral argument is unique to other arguments for God's existence as it doesn't prove God's existence it only suggests it. Another key difference to other arguments is that Kant's moral argument doesn't see the existence of God as necessary, they all use reasoning to reach the conclusion of existence. This existence is dependent on reasoning whereas for Kant as humans we can never prove God's existence as this requires the higher knowledge that only God possesses. Kant's argument is far more based on belief than other traditional arguments such as the teleological and ontological. Nevertheless Kant still follows logical reasoned steps to create his argument. Overall Kant's argument is based around the idea that we all have an inbuilt moral code, an innate sense of right and wrong and that all people feel this same sense of conscience. Kant believed that this idea of morality or conscience was direction from God. ...read more.

Middle

Kant didn't ever claim that this argument could prove the existence of God nor did he aim to persuade non believers. It is Kant's claim that we instinctively know what is right and wrong and also instinctively know that we should follow right and believe that this behaviour should be rewarded. This innate sense of justice and moral structure cannot function in this life despite the fact that it ought to exist, and according to Kant this shows that an afterlife with God is there to provide this. 'Kant was wrong to suggest that we all share a sense of right and wrong' Discuss (10 marks) There is no way of providing solid evidence for or against Kant's notion of universal morality, as morality is internal and cannot be accurately judged or measured exteriorly. Kant claims that there is an innate moral understanding within all of us and that we feel obliged to follow this moral outline. Kant uses this idea to claim that God is the reason for this inward morality and moral drive. ...read more.

Conclusion

And as ought is relative then so too must morality as, after all morality is a judgement of what we ought to do, and if ought is at the discretion of the individual then so to must morality. This would lead us further towards Freud's ideas on morality. He believed that morality within any individual comes from outside influence such as parents siblings and society, Freud claimed that these sources provide ideas on morality which in some cases are internalised within the individual at a young age and become their moral values. In this way any culture and even different cultures could have very similar moral beliefs. This could easily explain how there are similarities between cultural moralities. Kant's argument offers an explanation for the existence of God and his idea of universal morality is plausible but both are not conclusively proved nor can they ever be. Due to the impossible nature of judging morality we can never truly know whether morality is universal, yet certain individual cases demonstrate an amoral personality which would contradict this theory. Kant's theory and his idea of universal morality both rely heavily upon the acceptance of other ideas. ...read more.

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