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Explain Platos concept of the soul and Its relationship to the body.

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Introduction

Explain Plato's concept of the soul and It's relationship to the body. (33) Plato's concept of the body and soul can be linked to his theory of the cave in many ways. He thought of existence in terms of two levels. The body is like everything else physical; it is in a constant state of change and is never the same from one moment to the next. However the soul in contrast is immortal and unchanging and therefore can both know and be known. Plato believes that the body is the physical component of each person, the part that other people can see and hear, and present an appearance. The body will only receive our sense experiences and our minds are able to achieve our opinion. ...read more.

Middle

So therefore the prisoners inside the cave are our body and mind who don't want to experience the true perfect and the outside world and who don't want to be guided by the other prisoner who was set free, this symbolises our soul trying to guide our body and mind towards the perfect and true reality which only the soul has once experienced. Plato described the body and soul as two separate things, and linked these to the allergy of the cave. The theory of forms showed differences between appearance and reality. Plato also believed that there were two realms. Plato believed that the body is physical and constantly changing, as is not the true reality and not the perfect, as perfect does not change and the body is constantly changing. ...read more.

Conclusion

When the prisoner is set free and walks out of the cave and into the outside world and the light, it is representing the soul guiding the body to the perfect. However the prisoner also back into the cave to get the other prisoners and take them out into the light also. However they shout at him telling him to go away and do not believe him. This represents us being blind and not letting our soul guide our body, as we are scared of knowing the true reality and might therefore ignore the soul and not question. Plato argues that there is a material world and a perfect world and in the material world we do not experience the perfect. It can only present experiences, which leads us to opinion rather than knowledge. And in order for something to be real or perfect ...read more.

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