• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain Platos concept of the soul and Its relationship to the body.

Extracts from this document...


Explain Plato's concept of the soul and It's relationship to the body. (33) Plato's concept of the body and soul can be linked to his theory of the cave in many ways. He thought of existence in terms of two levels. The body is like everything else physical; it is in a constant state of change and is never the same from one moment to the next. However the soul in contrast is immortal and unchanging and therefore can both know and be known. Plato believes that the body is the physical component of each person, the part that other people can see and hear, and present an appearance. The body will only receive our sense experiences and our minds are able to achieve our opinion. ...read more.


So therefore the prisoners inside the cave are our body and mind who don't want to experience the true perfect and the outside world and who don't want to be guided by the other prisoner who was set free, this symbolises our soul trying to guide our body and mind towards the perfect and true reality which only the soul has once experienced. Plato described the body and soul as two separate things, and linked these to the allergy of the cave. The theory of forms showed differences between appearance and reality. Plato also believed that there were two realms. Plato believed that the body is physical and constantly changing, as is not the true reality and not the perfect, as perfect does not change and the body is constantly changing. ...read more.


When the prisoner is set free and walks out of the cave and into the outside world and the light, it is representing the soul guiding the body to the perfect. However the prisoner also back into the cave to get the other prisoners and take them out into the light also. However they shout at him telling him to go away and do not believe him. This represents us being blind and not letting our soul guide our body, as we are scared of knowing the true reality and might therefore ignore the soul and not question. Plato argues that there is a material world and a perfect world and in the material world we do not experience the perfect. It can only present experiences, which leads us to opinion rather than knowledge. And in order for something to be real or perfect ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Explain Plato's Theory of Forms

    Plato's view that knowledge gained through sense experience is not valuable is hard to accept, even if we agree that knowledge is temporary. There are problems with object morality; the form of good. Plato believes that the highest of all forms of knowledge is an understanding of the form of the Good.

  2. Compare and contrast Plato's concept of the Body and Soul with Aristotle's.

    The Soul is affected by what the living thing is. An animal for example has the ability to move, have feelings, and make decisions for themselves unlike plants which are in a constant vegetative state. Aristotle does agree with Plato, that something does survive after death.

  1. Compare, contrast and evaluate Plato and Mill on the relationship between individual and society

    Plato justifies the Philosopher Kings lying to the people in order to protect them. Plato argues the necessity of a structured organised society separate from the outside world in which every individual reaches their maximum potential and has a fundamental part to play in contributing all they can to their community as a whole.

  2. Describe Platos Theory of Body and Soul.

    As men it takes away form us all power of thinking at all' This shows how Plato believed the soul can be corrupted. The care of ones soul is therefore the most important task we have as humans. Perfecting our soul should be done throughout our lives.

  1. Explain Plato's and Aristotle's ideas of form, body, knowledge and soul.

    be made that such objects at one time will not be true at a later time. Because what is fully real must, for Plato, be fixed, permanent, and unchanging, he identified the real with the ideal realm of "being" as opposed to the empirical world of "becoming".

  2. Explain Plato's concept of the soul and its relationship to the body.

    Now, as we know, the body is made of many different parts and therefore can be thought of as a perishable compound which can be broken down. The soul, on the other hand, can be thought of as a single substance and can therefore can go on existing it it's singular form for all eternity.

  1. Body soul destinction

    John Hick has formed a view of religious materialism. He stated that humans are one composite being, one substance. His theory the "replica theory" he realised from a religious point of view the problem was continuity. In life after death how can someone be the same person without their body.

  2. Explain Plato's concept of the soul and its relationship with the body

    The sun shows us that everybody has a soul, and therefore every body has the power to let the soul take over our senses, and is therefore preventing the soul from gaining true knowledge (metaphor of sight).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work