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Explain religious and ethical arguments in favour of Euthanasia

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Introduction

Explain religious and ethical arguments in favour of Euthanasia Under the theory of Utilitarianism, Doctors are obliged to do the thing that will generate the most good for the all people involved; Doctors also have to respect a patient's autonomy, for example, by giving them the right to refuse treatment even if, in their opinion, this is not the best option. Therefore, if a patient wanted Euthanasia, and it seemed that it was best not only for the suffering patient, but also the family and friends, the Doctor would have no reason to prevent Euthanasia. However, there is no way of accurately anticipating the outcome of an action and there is always a risk that what was thought to be the best action has unforeseen consequences. In preference Utilitarianism, a person should do what they think is best for the patient regardless of their wishes. So if a patient wants Euthanasia but still has a good chance of survival, then a Doctor could refuse despite their wishes. ...read more.

Middle

die naturally, as the process of death may be of spiritual importance to the patient, and so that the family and Doctors know they did everything they could to save them. Christians argue that because of the commandment, "you shall not kill" and the idea that all life is sacred to God, it would be wrong to withdraw treatment or actively give them something with the intention of ending their life. However, with Thomas Aquinas' doctrine of double effect, a lethal injection could be given with the intention of relieving suffering, with the secondary effect being the patient's death. This would justify the use of euthanasia, not to end a life, but to demonstrate Christian agape in relieving suffering. Asses the view that, from a religious perspective, humans have the right to life. Christians believe in sanctity of life, that all life is a gift from God and that to prematurely end a life would be to disrespect the gift of life. Some Christians take this a step further, believing that your life is not you own but is "on loan" from God, so we do not have the power to do what we want with our lives or decide when and how they end. ...read more.

Conclusion

Medical advances mean that life can be sustained further, even if the patient has no quality of life and wishes to die. In the traditional Christian view, anything that prolongs life is a good thing, and doctors must do everything they can to save a patient before giving up. But is this view outdated? In modern society many people accept that sometimes it is best to let nature take its course, and that medical intervention can, in some cases, cause psychological harm, both to the patient and to family and friends. Turning off life support is now legal in the UK and a patient will always have a right to refuse treatment and the Church of England supports this view. There is no doubt that all humans have the right to life, but do they also have a right to death? Opinions on this matter are varied but I think that if better care was provided for the terminally ill, there should be no reason for them to want Euthanasia. If, after all the best pain relief and psychological care, they still find life unbearable, they should be allowed euthanasia and to die in peace. ...read more.

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