• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the Design Argument for the existence of God

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Examine the design argument for the existence of God. What are the strengths of the design argument? Comment on some of the criticisms raised against the design argument. A Design argument is "a posterior" as it is based on external evidence. The universe itself has order and regularity and the complexity of it shows evidence of the Design. That Designer has a Designer and so on till we get to the 'original' designer who is "God". The Teleological argument has two sides one of which is called the Analogical. These are arguments based on analogy that some objects are bound to be similar in some ways but different in others. For instance a sparrow is very different from a car, but both are similar in that they both move. The other type of argument is Abductive arguments; these begin with evidence that needs explaining and conclude with the best explanation for this evidence. St. Thomas Aquinas came up with the Five ways to prove the existence of God. 1) Motion; 2) Causation; 3) ...read more.

Middle

For Aquinas this meant this could be used for any quality, such as beauty, knowledge, intelligence etc and there must be a perfect standard set for all these qualities. And that perfection is God. The fifth and final way is that of Design, St. Thomas Aquinas speaks of the observable universe and the order of nature. Aquinas states that common sense tells us the universe works in such a way, that one can conclude that was designed by an intelligent designer, God. In other words, all physical laws and the order of nature and life were designed and ordered by God, the intelligent designer. William Paley argued from the point Qua Purpose. For instance if we saw a stone we would think nothing of it, and would not think it had a special design. However if we saw a watch we could see all the intricate details and knobs that had made the watch. We would see that the watch hadn't just happened to come into existence we would see that someone has designed it. ...read more.

Conclusion

A person who firmly disagrees with these arguments is of course David Hume. He argues as to why humans have knowledge and experience of the world to conclude that there is only one designer, humans only have knowledge of the things they themselves create and design. He also believes that the world is like a vegetable, that grows of its own accord rather than something made by God. The Anthropic principle is the recent development of the teleological argument. This argument doesn't think that there is a chain of coincidences that has led to evolution on the planet and humans. It believes that the world has a designer, which is God. E.R Tennant developed the Anthropic principle in his book Philosophical Teleology. He believed in three types of natural evidence in the world that pointed in the favour of the designer. "1. The fact that the world can be analysed in a rational manner. 2. The way in which the inorganic world has provided the basic necessities required for maintaining life and thirdly the progress of evolution towards human intelligence." Tennant's other part of the argument is referred to as the Aesthetic argument. This is where the universe appears to be on beautiful levels to prove God's existence. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Examine the strengths and weaknesses of the design argument for the existence of God.

    4 star(s)

    Darwin provided an alternative explanation which to many people seemed more plausible that the existence of God. Richard Dawkins a modern supporter of Darwin and a strong critic of design arguments for the existence of God. He thinks that religious beliefs encourage you not to think and that theists assume

  2. Describe the main strengths and weaknesses of the cosmological argument for the existence of ...

    He argues it is possible to conceive of an effect without conceiving of the course of that effect.65 In reply, Frederic Copleston argued if you refuse to sit down at the chessboard, you cannot be checkmated. So he is saying you cannot prove an argument wrong, simply describing it as non-existent, as Russell tried to do.

  1. What are they key features of the design argument for the existence of God?

    existence of a designer of a world, which exhibits so many elements of 'bad design'. One may also question the use of analogy which can be found in many forms of the Design Argument. It is quite right to say that we are not comparing like with like and so

  2. Critically assess the design argument

    It is undeniable that science has proved to be far more accurate at giving us reliable predictions of things like the weather and it has also been able to support the findings of Darwin.

  1. (A) Explain Hume's objections to teleological arguments (B) God is the most likely explanation ...

    However, different objects have similar properties for different reasons, for example stars and light bulbs. Proponents must therefore accept that only intelligent design can create orderly systems or the argument is invalid. Exploring further the sheer variety of objects and substances in the world which appear to be designer or

  2. The Goodness of God

    Disobedience by the Jews is always followed by punishment from God. "punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the fourth generation of those who reject me." (Exodus 20:5) This is because the Jews believed in corporate responsibility for sin.

  1. What are the strengths of the design argument for the existence of God?

    The idea that it was designed implies a designer. "When we come to inspect the watch, we perceive that its several parts are framed and put together for a purpose...the inference, we think, is inevitable, that the watch must have had a maker" To argue that the world must have

  2. Assess What Can Be Concluded From The Teleological Argument

    This does not discount the teleological argument as who designed the world initially and the humans in which to care for it? If the universe didn't fit together then it simply would not be a universe. The theory of Epicurean Hypothesis states that infinite particles all in motion must eventually

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work