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Explain the Design Argument for the existence of God

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Introduction

Examine the design argument for the existence of God. What are the strengths of the design argument? Comment on some of the criticisms raised against the design argument. A Design argument is "a posterior" as it is based on external evidence. The universe itself has order and regularity and the complexity of it shows evidence of the Design. That Designer has a Designer and so on till we get to the 'original' designer who is "God". The Teleological argument has two sides one of which is called the Analogical. These are arguments based on analogy that some objects are bound to be similar in some ways but different in others. For instance a sparrow is very different from a car, but both are similar in that they both move. The other type of argument is Abductive arguments; these begin with evidence that needs explaining and conclude with the best explanation for this evidence. St. Thomas Aquinas came up with the Five ways to prove the existence of God. 1) Motion; 2) Causation; 3) ...read more.

Middle

For Aquinas this meant this could be used for any quality, such as beauty, knowledge, intelligence etc and there must be a perfect standard set for all these qualities. And that perfection is God. The fifth and final way is that of Design, St. Thomas Aquinas speaks of the observable universe and the order of nature. Aquinas states that common sense tells us the universe works in such a way, that one can conclude that was designed by an intelligent designer, God. In other words, all physical laws and the order of nature and life were designed and ordered by God, the intelligent designer. William Paley argued from the point Qua Purpose. For instance if we saw a stone we would think nothing of it, and would not think it had a special design. However if we saw a watch we could see all the intricate details and knobs that had made the watch. We would see that the watch hadn't just happened to come into existence we would see that someone has designed it. ...read more.

Conclusion

A person who firmly disagrees with these arguments is of course David Hume. He argues as to why humans have knowledge and experience of the world to conclude that there is only one designer, humans only have knowledge of the things they themselves create and design. He also believes that the world is like a vegetable, that grows of its own accord rather than something made by God. The Anthropic principle is the recent development of the teleological argument. This argument doesn't think that there is a chain of coincidences that has led to evolution on the planet and humans. It believes that the world has a designer, which is God. E.R Tennant developed the Anthropic principle in his book Philosophical Teleology. He believed in three types of natural evidence in the world that pointed in the favour of the designer. "1. The fact that the world can be analysed in a rational manner. 2. The way in which the inorganic world has provided the basic necessities required for maintaining life and thirdly the progress of evolution towards human intelligence." Tennant's other part of the argument is referred to as the Aesthetic argument. This is where the universe appears to be on beautiful levels to prove God's existence. ...read more.

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