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Explain the Key features of the cosmological argument

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Introduction

Explain the key features of the Cosmological Argument In this essay, I am going to explore the key features of the Cosmological Argument. The Cosmological Argument is an argument that states that the universe is not explicable without reference to causes and factors outside itself. Although the Cosmological Argument was famously expressed as one of Thomas Aquinas' Five Ways (arguments for the existence it is grounded in the Greek metaphysics of Plato and Aristotle. Both argued that the fact of motion requires a mover. Aristotle once said, "The series must start with something for nothing can come from nothing". The key ideas are 'contingency' and 'necessity'. To say of something that it exists is to also point to other factors that have influenced, and caused, it to exist. The major features of the Cosmological Argument are that; the universe is contingent, things come into existence because something has caused them to happen, things are caused to exist, but they do not have to exist, there is an infinite chain of causes, and time began with the creation of the universe. There must have been a first cause, which brought the universe into existence and therefore this first cause must have necessary existence to cause the contingent universe. It is considered that God has aseity and in turn concludes that God is the first cause of the contingent universe's existence The Cosmological Argument has taken many forms and has been presented in many ways. ...read more.

Middle

The first cause sees God as a factual necessity as the causal explanation to the universe. This means that God is seen as a being of whom is not dependant on any other for his existence, where as the second argument sees God as a logically necessary being. The third way, possibility, and necessity gives the idea that some contingent beings exist. If any contingent beings exist then a necessary being must exist, therefore a necessary being could namely be God. Aquinas believed anything that had a property was a being; the world consists of contingent items that are beings that are generated and perish. If all beings were contingent then at one time nothing would have existed. This is because there would have been a time prior to the coming into the existence of contingent beings. By saying the universe is contingent; the argument means that the universe is dependent on something that created it. Many people believe the something that created it was God, however other people such as Bertrand Russell, a British philosopher (1872 - 1970) say "the universe is just there and that's all there is to say". By the argument saying that things come into existence because something has caused them to happen, refers to what I previously touched on earlier in the form of 'everything must have a beginning' i.e. ...read more.

Conclusion

However the argument still leaves many questions unanswered about what happened after the universe was created, such as the question of the role of God once he created the universe, and whether he not only created the universe but continues to sustain it. Another is that the law of the conservation of energy within the universe means that God could not be continually putting energy into the world, yet following the Cosmological Argument, he must have created it in the first place, as energy cannot be created from nothing. If God cannot be the cause for everything then this leads to the notion of deism in that God has had to withdraw from the world and merely observe it from a distance; no one knows. In conclusion, the Cosmological Argument is one of the main factors we need to consider if we wanted to try to explain the beginning of the universe, however the argument still leaves many questions answered so on that extent the argument isn't very useful as it doesn't finish what it started, as well as it could be perceived as being rather contradictory in parts. Many people are content to believe that God created the universe whereas others are content to believe that the universe was created by the Big Bang, however, there is still a percentage whom are not satisfied with the arguments they have heard and are still striving to find an answer. . ?? ?? ?? ?? Jodie Bradshaw ...read more.

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