• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the main features of the design argument for the existence of God.Science makes the design argument irrelevant assess the claim

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

a.) Explain the main features of the design argument for the existence of God. (AO1 30 marks) To begin with, there are traditional design arguments that seek to explain the existence of a God. Thomas Aquinas used design qua regularity when developing his argument. He reasoned that everything functions to certain purpose and an inanimate object has no rational power so this indicates that an external power must have directed its purpose. To support his argument, he argued that objects such as the earth, the moon, and the planets are somehow endowed with knowledge and intelligence, which mean determine their own place in the universe. For example, the sun and the moon did not work out their orbit for each of them. Therefore, this means someone must have directed it to their purpose. Aquinas strongly believed that the order of the solar system presents valid evidence for the existence of an external being and concluded the being is God. ...read more.

Middle

He argued that the rotation of the planet, and how the obey the same universal laws suggest that they could not have come about by chance. This means that an external agent must have imposed order on the universe. On the other hand, there are also modern design arguments which explain the design argument. Tenant disagreed with the claim that coincidence led to the evolution of human life. He believed that the universe was designed in an evolutionary process to create an environment in which an intelligent life could exist. Tennant concluded that human life part of God's plan. Tennant developed his argument further by suggesting that the world it's not just ordered, but it beautiful. This part of his argument is called the aesthetic argument. Tennant argued that humans have the ability to appreciate this beauty, but it's not necessary for survival. Therefore this evidence suggests a creator. These are four main arguments explain how the world came into existence with or without the influence of God. ...read more.

Conclusion

Swinburne's argument stated that need an explanation for how the world's fundamental laws works with regularity. He argued that an intelligent being is behind and we can find this when we look how humans tend to behave. For example, we able to nature and observe seeds when planted, therefore we use this information to aid for survival. This indicates that God is caring for humanity, and giving them the autonomy to make our own choices and gain knowledge from experience. Therefore this proves that the divine intelligence is God. I personally believe that science doesn't make the design argument irrelevant. Particular modern design argument tends to their intellect and scientific evidence to prove the existence of God, which is irrelevant. Moreover, I strongly disagree with Richard Dawkin's claim that religion does not encourage. Christians do not need to examine further to find the truth, because they need faith to believe in the existence of God. If God wanted to prove he exists, he would have produced enough evidence. Instead, he gave people the choice to whether to believe him or not. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Describe the main strengths and weaknesses of the cosmological argument for the existence of ...

    The conclusion is compatible with many views of God. So, even if it is successful, the cosmological argument hardly constitutes more than an entering wedge into the knowledge of God. If someone accepts the conclusion, the proper attitude for him to adopt is surely a desire to learn more about God.

  2. AS Religious Studies The Design Argument

    The Anthropic Principle is a recent development supporting the design argument. The developer of the principle F.R. Tennant uses natural/ scientific arguments to show that the world has been designed. First, he states that the world has been designed as it can be analysed in a rational manner.

  1. Discuss the characteristics of the scientific method which makes it superior over other methods ...

    Theories which cannot be tested, because, for instance, they have no observable ramifications, do not qualify as scientific theories. One of the key factors of scientific method is that the theory must be falsifable. Sir Karl Popper (1902-1994): Falsificationism (1993)

  2. Assess What Can Be Concluded From The Teleological Argument

    we can conclude that a God is imperfect and limited in his powers, which is not a problem, but is such a God worthy of worship? Maurice Wiles argued not: a God who ignored the holocaust but saved one individual and a God who fed 5000 yet ignores the starving and dying in third world countries.

  1. What are they key features of the design argument for the existence of God?

    The acorn behaves in such a way as to achieve its goal, however, it posses no intelligence of its own and so must have been designed in order to behave in such a manner. This designer is God. Swinburne is a contemporary supporter of the argument.

  2. What are Mill’s four main arguments in defence of freedom of speech?

    It fact there are any number of outside influences which may have contributed to this perceived lapse into hypocrisy which it is out with the scope of this essay to discuss. It remains, however, that each example of a possible cause of this lapse detracts from the strength of Mill's argument.

  1. The design arguments prove Gods existence. Assess this view.

    Numerous predicament arise on further inspection of this argument, first of all, it follows on an assumption that everything in the universe does and has a purpose, but what is the purpose of the universe or humans; it is quite unreasonable to compare the target of an arrow to that

  2. Assess whether the cosmological argument proves the existence of God.

    is meaningless and absurd, if this is true then it would greatly undermine the argument. The most profound weakness is the ?Fallacy of composition?, which is the misconception of thinking that there is a property or predicate to each part of a given group, it must be logically follow that the whole group has the same properties or predicates.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work