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Explain the strengths of natural law

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Introduction

Explain the Strengths of Natural Law. [25] Natural Law is the ethical belief that if you follow something's natural purpose then it is fulfilling its goal and is right and just. It is believed that natural order is determined by some supernatural power and therefore you must follow this. It originated in ancient Greece and was developed much later by Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274). He was a priest of the Roman Catholic Church in the Dominican Order from Italy. Aquinas thought that God had instilled in all humans, inclinations to behave in a certain ways. This meaning everyone had the capability to strive to the good, using our reason we could follow God's laws that are set down for us. By looking closely at our nature we can define our laws. With the use of reason this becomes a very changeable theory which means that it could develop and adapt to different cultures and changing times. This is a strength which is shown through the secondary precepts, explained later. ...read more.

Middle

The secondary precepts can be very flexible. This is a great strength of natural law as it gives a more relativist side to the theory. Natural law can also allow for the reason of an action to be considered meaning that it is not completely an absolutist approach and can have a more teleological view point in some circumstances. This is down to the Doctrine of Double effect. It is part of natural law wherein if the intention of an action is to follow the precepts but however in this process breaks another, this would be seen as a just decision. Take a condom that is worn with the principle of stopping the spreading of a sexual transmitted disease, wearing this keeps to the precept of the preservation of life but however in the process of this stops reproduction. This would be seen to be justified by a follower of natural law. However, if the condom was worn with the intention of stopping reproduction then this would not be justified. ...read more.

Conclusion

This boils down to point at which something is considered to be a human life and for most Catholics this is the moment of contraception meaning that it would not be justified. However a way of combating this is to use the Doctrine of Double effect explained earlier. As the intention of the research is to eventually save lives from disease then the fact that the embryo death being a 'by product' would give further justification for embryo research. However as there is nothing that specifically relates to embryo research in natural law, because it was thought of and established before even the concept of embryo research was even thought of it is up to human interpretation whether it is right or wrong. With justification for and against it I think it will greatly depend on the individual as to what they believe but I think that they, if wanted, could justify embryo research to great lengths and I believe that the justification for embryo research is far greater that justification against it, even with a natural law view point in mind. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ben Parker 12TH ...read more.

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