• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

) Explain the theodicies of Irenaeus and Augustine ?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Q 1_a) Explain the theodicies of Irenaeus and Augustine ? A theodicy is a response to the evidential problem of evil, the challenge that the occurrence of evil in the world counts as evidence against an omnibenevolent and omnipotent God, thus leaving Gods existence questionable. Theodicies attempt to justify the righteousness of God as well as his existence in light of evil. Irenaeus (c130-202) lived around 200 years before Augustine. Just as Augustine had done, Irenaeus began his argument from a position of belief in God and acceptance in the book of Genesis. The Irenaean theodicy is 'soul making', his theodicy was focused mainly upon the creation story in Genesis one, particularly upon the quotation ?Then God said: And now we will make human beings, they will be like us and resemble us.? From this he draws the conclusion that humans were created in the image and likeness of God, with the potential for moral perfection. Irenaeus believed that we were given free will from god so that we can choose between good and bad, God and evil. ...read more.

Middle

He argued that since God is the creator and omnibenevolent, he cannot be responsible for the existence of evil in the world. Augustine rejected idea that evil it?s self exists, instead he regarded it as a corruption of goodness, a privation instead of a substance. Augustine believed that God is perfect and that the world he created reflects that perfection. However when Adam and Eve disobeyed God by eating the apple, their disobedience brought about ?disharmony? in both humanity and creation, and with it evil and sin. Augustine believed that natural evil is a consequence of this ?disharmony? of nature, leaving us all vulnerable to sin and the possibility of turning from Gods path. Also seen as we are all descendants of Adam and Eve, we inevitably inherit their guilt. Meaning that like they were by being kicked out of the Garden of Eden we too have to be punished. Augustine argues that God is justified in not intervening due to the fact that suffering was brought about as a result of human action. ...read more.

Conclusion

to a certain religious group or for simply being attracted to the same gender, it is obvious to state that none of them gained anything which would make them ?better people?. However they did go through unimaginable pain and agony through the torture and hard treatment they received before they were killed in inhumane ways, which would be more than enough to make anyone miserable regardless of whether or not they gain anything from the experience. In conclusion it is clear to state that in some sense suffering can be beneficial as it is through the mistakes which we learn from the incident that makes us better people, the greater the suffering the more likely we are to remember the consequence of our actions and obtain from repeating them. As well as this with reference to innocent suffering such as those who died within the holocaust and various other horrific events in history, Irenaeus believed that how much our souls develop is based on how loyal we remain to God through these times. It is from this that we will be judged and rewarded for after death. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Explain how the theodicy of Irenaeus differs from that of Augustine and Evil cannot ...

    Augustine compares the fall of the angels chiefly Satan, to the fall of man in the Garden of Eden. In summary God didn't create evil, humans did through the misuse of free will, and evil is merely the definition given when goodness is absent.

  2. Explain the theodicy of Irenaeus. Irenaeus theodicy is the response to the problem of ...

    However, this suffering can't be removed as then we aren't truly free and we would then be limited to what we can do. It is also seen that by suffering it allows us to move spiritually closer to God and his likeness.

  1. Explain and describe Augustine and Irenaeus' Theodicies

    To Augustine, sin occurs as the wilful rejection of God to some lesser good. Therefore when Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit, they have sinned and deserved to be punished. Because the serpent (an angel according to Augustine) mislead Eve, 'Cursed is the ground because of' him.

  2. Utopia - The Impossibility of Perfection

    It is difficult for one to take Gonzalo's proposal any more seriously than to take Trinculo's ravings for the truth, but a glimpse into the other side of Utopia is captured one that is completely free of human designs and machinations.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work