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Explain what Aristotle meant by the final cause.

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Introduction

´╗┐Aristotle essay 1. Explain what Aristotle meant by final cause This essay will focus on what Aristotle meant by the final cause. Aristotle was an empiricist; meaning he believed that all knowledge came from sensory experience. Although he was taught by Plato and lived with him for the larger portion of his life, he disagreed much with Plato?s philosophy and theory of forms. He believed that rather than there being another realm which was perfect, this world itself was transient and subject to change. Plato?s belief of dualism was discarded by Aristotle as he believed that everything is being pulled to the Prime Mover which is what Aristotle called the perfect, eternal being i.e. God. ?Aristotle's idea of nature was more 'supernatural' than modern ideas have a tendency to be?[1] Aristotle argued that we must acquire knowledge of what things are made of, look like and what their purpose is in order for us to understand the world around us. ...read more.

Middle

These examples all point out the final cause of efficient cause; they explain why something happened after efficient cause explains what actually happened. To ask for the final cause of formal cause is to ask why these thi8ngs exist at all. Aristotle also said that human beings exist to make more human beings, because they are alive. They also exist to be happy because they are rational. Why do computers exist? They exist because people made them; they wanted to use them as tools in maths, business and entertainment purposes. Aristotle also gave the example that rocks exist because the wind, sea and rain break rock formations to produce rock. These things are also final causes. It is the teleology of an object which makes it perfect and real. When something does what it is designed to do or changes into something it is meant to change into then it has achieved good. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the Final cause is the reason something exists and for Aristotle, the complete final cause was the Prime mover as any movement or chain effect must start from somewhere and that somewhere is God i.e. Prime love. b) To what extent does the final cause teach us anything about the real world? Aristotle?s final cause teaches us that the Prime mover is the complete final cause as energy must have a beginning if it exists. In the real world, humans rely on food for energy which either grows from the ground or is meat from other animals. Both sources grow by depending on other factors such as grass which is dependant on sunlight, water, warmth, nutrients ect until eventually, light cannot be justified to be dependant on another object, however it must be because it exists. The cause behind light must be the Prime Mover. This is what happens in the real world as all things link in to one another. ________________ [1] Wikipedia Aristotle?s Final cause ...read more.

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