• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain what is meant by moral absolutism.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

a) Explain what is meant by moral absolutism? Moral absolutism is the ethical theory which believes that there are always absolute rules of which moral questions can be judged against. It means that certain actions are either right or wrong. Moral absolutists will judge the actions of those who steal, child abuse, murder etc. as being absolutely immorally wrong, regardless of ones belief or ones situation therefore making it impersonal. It is based on the deontological argument, people are led on a set of rules which people must obey. These pay no regard to exceptions and are set in stone. Moral absolutism adapts the theory that certain actions are either right or that they are wrong, regardless of when or why they happened to begin with. ...read more.

Middle

Rather than moral relativism where everything changes according to the situation it's put up against. It provides safety to mankind because justice would always been made because the laws always stay the same no matter what. For example, if the previous situation was based on moral relativism then the person who killed the other would be let free without a punishment because they weren't the one who initiated the attack. Then how can you say justice has been made, when someone has just gotten away with murder, purely because of the situation it was up against? Absolutism has no room to manoeuvre, it is the fixed truth and can never be manipulated. The famous philosopher Louis Pojan, who lived from 1935-2005, emphasises that a moral absolutist does not have to believe that all moral laws are universally ...read more.

Conclusion

They pay no regard to the type of situation and have been around since beginning of Christianity. Rules such as ?Thou shall not bear false witness? and ?Thou shall not steal? are one of the main rules that they follow. We can clearly understand from this that all the rules are generic and do not take a personal attack over something in particular. We also know absolute rules are based on 'a priori' events, which basically means that they are not dependant on a given experience but contain a logically necessary conclusion. The consequences of our actions are irrelevant to whether they are right or wrong. Evil actions may accidentally have good outcomes whereas acting heroically could actually result in a worse outcome. Moral absolutism is much easier to apply than moral relativism because the laws and actions will always stay the same. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. Can moral absolutism be justified?

    actions will be, so by having moral guidelines it makes it feasible to decide on a morally good action. Furthermore, some actions are almost unanimously agreed to be right or wrong. An example of this would be rape as most would agree that rape is morally unjustifiable in any situation and therefore wrong.

  2. Critically examine what is meant by natural moral law.

    If, as Aquinas believed, morality is based on reason then why is it that in a moral predicament we actually act on our emotions? For instance if one is in a crash and one has an option to save ones child or a doctor that is about to crack a cure for cancer, which is one likely to choose?

  1. Explain what is meant by Moral Relativism

    A final example of moral relativism is child labour. In western cultures societies believe that children should be allowed to be children and play as one would expect. However in other culture it is seen as the norm for children to do hard labour at a young age, this is to help support the family.

  2. Shakespeare's Purpose in Subverting the "Moral Universe" in Hamlet, Measure for Measure, and the ...

    If it were that Gertrude had remarried too soon, the ghost would have been seeking revenge for that transgression as well. The purgatory in Shakespeare's play is a blatant upset in the conventional universe of that era. Hamlet furthermore has a dilemma, he has to believe the manifestation and the

  1. Examine what is meant by situation ethics

    He argued that the natural purpose of the world is found in God. He outlined natural law in the following way by suggesting that all people should follow the law of God. He also believed that 'Human purpose' was to 'reproduce, to learn, to live harmoniously in society and to worship God.'

  2. Capital Punishment

    the 'slayer' it self is killed by another 'slayer' it contradicts the point of capital punishment. But the next problem is who gives the person the right or permission to kill the murderer, and in what cases is this valid?

  1. The Ethical Debate Concerning Cloning.

    Simultaneously with the creation of the NBAC, Clinton called for an immediate memoratorium on any federal funding used in further research of cloning. The government seems to want to say that cloning is wrong, but they are unable to find a common ground for their accusations.

  2. Explain the differences between Cultural Relativism and Cultural Absolutism

    it is important to uphold basic moral values which are the same worldwide. This is supported by the ?golden rule? or the idea that you should treat others how you want to be treated. This rule is found in all religious scripture albeit in different ways, for example ?Love your

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work