• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain what is meant by moral absolutism.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

a) Explain what is meant by moral absolutism? Moral absolutism is the ethical theory which believes that there are always absolute rules of which moral questions can be judged against. It means that certain actions are either right or wrong. Moral absolutists will judge the actions of those who steal, child abuse, murder etc. as being absolutely immorally wrong, regardless of ones belief or ones situation therefore making it impersonal. It is based on the deontological argument, people are led on a set of rules which people must obey. These pay no regard to exceptions and are set in stone. Moral absolutism adapts the theory that certain actions are either right or that they are wrong, regardless of when or why they happened to begin with. ...read more.

Middle

Rather than moral relativism where everything changes according to the situation it's put up against. It provides safety to mankind because justice would always been made because the laws always stay the same no matter what. For example, if the previous situation was based on moral relativism then the person who killed the other would be let free without a punishment because they weren't the one who initiated the attack. Then how can you say justice has been made, when someone has just gotten away with murder, purely because of the situation it was up against? Absolutism has no room to manoeuvre, it is the fixed truth and can never be manipulated. The famous philosopher Louis Pojan, who lived from 1935-2005, emphasises that a moral absolutist does not have to believe that all moral laws are universally ...read more.

Conclusion

They pay no regard to the type of situation and have been around since beginning of Christianity. Rules such as ?Thou shall not bear false witness? and ?Thou shall not steal? are one of the main rules that they follow. We can clearly understand from this that all the rules are generic and do not take a personal attack over something in particular. We also know absolute rules are based on 'a priori' events, which basically means that they are not dependant on a given experience but contain a logically necessary conclusion. The consequences of our actions are irrelevant to whether they are right or wrong. Evil actions may accidentally have good outcomes whereas acting heroically could actually result in a worse outcome. Moral absolutism is much easier to apply than moral relativism because the laws and actions will always stay the same. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. Critically examine what is meant by natural moral law.

    Previously mentioned was that of the word 'purpose'. Purpose to Aquinas was the assumption that everyone has a divinely devised purpose in life. According to Aquinas reason can illustrate this but only faith assures man of his choices. God did not make man like robots to merely choose the 'right' thing but if he listens to his reason, there will be an unavoidable tendency towards goodness.

  2. Explain what is meant by Moral Relativism

    A final example of moral relativism is child labour. In western cultures societies believe that children should be allowed to be children and play as one would expect. However in other culture it is seen as the norm for children to do hard labour at a young age, this is to help support the family.

  1. The Ethical Debate Concerning Cloning.

    in therapy; triage decisions about conditions like complicated hepatic coma; selective abortion in intrauterine diagnosis; abortion on request a la the Supreme Court's recent decision; genetic engineering? Again without discussing them, what should we do or not do about behavior control by psychosurgery or chemotherapy; positive and negative euthanasia; cyborgs

  2. Capital Punishment

    his own image."11 This shows that Gods providence will catch up with the slayer. This also contradicts itself as it says that if a person kills another 'slays' that person therefore the person that kills the original murderer is a murderer and so forth, therefore justice is served but because

  1. Examine what is meant by situation ethics

    humans to take and this is where the conflict arises with situation ethics. There are many circumstances where what appears to be 'natural' doesn't appear to be 'loving'. This is why theologians such as Joseph Fletcher don't agree with the natural law ethic as it causes much controversy.

  2. Explain what is meant by 'moral relativism'

    We should recognise that our ideas about the right way to behave are not absolute, and therefore we have no right to try and impose them on other people. For example, a group of teenagers in the United Kingdom cannot be justified to judge another group of teenagers in the

  1. Can moral absolutism be justified?

    of higher importance that doing something just because it is believed to be intrinsically right. This is prominent in the teachings of Jesus Christ. Another weakness in the appliance of moral absolutism is the disagreement it could cause amongst different cultures.

  2. Explain the differences between Cultural Relativism and Cultural Absolutism

    The idea of God telling us what is moral is called the Divine Command Theory. However, there are some problems with getting your commands from God. This problem is known as the Euthyphro Dilemma. The Dilemma is that if you believe that things are moral because God says that they

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work