• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain what is meant by Moral Relativism. Assess the strengths the weaknesses of situations ethics.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain what is meant by Moral Relativism. Assess the strengths the weaknesses of situations ethics. Part one: Every choice we make is due to each person individual morality. Morality is concerned with the free choice of rational human beings. Relativism shows that there are no absolute moral rules and each situation needs to be examined individually. Therefore moral relativism is the belief that morality does not relate to any absolute standards of right and wrong but good and bad are dependant on culture and circumstance. According to moral relativists there is nothing that is absolutely, invariably right or wrong, and there is no universal standard by which to measure our character or our actions. A course of action can therefore be right for a person but wrong for another or the some based on culture and society. Different views or interpretations can be equally valid for different people. They believe that everyone one should be tolerant of other people's beliefs and behaviour. ...read more.

Middle

For example the government says that murder is wrong so people don't murder. He also claims that if we believe morality has some kind of objective then it is difficult to know what form this absolute form must take. Relativists believe that you cannot say that one system is right or is better than the other. However sometimes society has to make rules that go one way or the other. Breaking these rules constitutes breaking a social contract. However there are many criticisms of moral relativism. One is that however extreme a action is there will always be some way to justify that it is right. This type of thinking would lead to mayhem. It also never actually condemns anything no matter how evil the situation may be. Also as they are accepting of all cultures whatever there views are they would not be able to condemn the people responsible for 9/11. Another criticism is that it is constantly contradicting itself. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also it is based on love that, rationally as well as emotionally is a key feature of all moral situations. For Christians it provides a way to make Christian decisions not mentioned in the bible e.g. fox hunting. But on the other hand there are also some significant disadvantages to situation ethics. The simple rule of what would be the most loving thing to do can be broken easily with a lack of will power. Not everyone may have the strength in character or may just not be bothered to start asking, "where is the love " for every situation they may face. Also you can't trust all human beings with that amount of power for example people would be able to justify killing someone because they were born with a slight learning disability. Two people using situation ethics both claim to be acting out of love and come to different conclusions. It would be impossible to judge which one was right Roman Catholics would feel it is wrong to appeal to individual circumstances to justify decisions which go against the decisions of the church. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. Examine the key features of utilitarianism and its strengths and weaknesses of utilitarianism

    Surely it is better for a hundred people to be happy than five. But, people such as Alistair MacIntyre, have criticised this as it assumes that most people are good. his is dangerous, as you can justify evil with it.

  2. Explain what is meant by Moral Relativism

    This proves a major problem in moral relativism, it the most knowledgeable people have different moral beliefs, then there is no way of proving that one is right and the other wrong. There is no universal authority. It could be argued that because there are no restrictions there is little

  1. Critically evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of Kantian Ethics.

    And becoming aware of this would undermine people's ability to rely confidently on others to behave in agreed upon ways.

  2. Analyse and explain the strengths and weaknesses of deontology

    If we take this to the extreme, can any theory be truly deontological without relying on eschatological claims unless its commandments are purely arbitrary? As Barbara Herman argues, what value would there be in following your duty if it did not lead to any good at all?

  1. Examine what is meant by situation ethics

    In the English language we have only one word for love that can infer several very different meanings. The Greeks have four words for love, philos, storge, eros and agape. This profound, selfless sort of love associated with ethics, religious belief and often the idea of sacrifice is agape.

  2. Examine and comment on Christian beliefs about homosexuality

    But, since the Church still regards the main purpose of sex to be procreation, they insist that any sexual act must be open to conception in order to be ethical. On this basis, they do not condone the use of artificial methods of birth control, and consider any sexual behaviour

  1. Examine what is meant by natural law with reference to morality and analyse and ...

    Both the purpose and the aim explains why the statue is as it is. In the case of the child growing into an adult, the final cause would be the adult that the child grows into. Aristotle also believed that everything had a final 'good' which is achieved by fulfilling the purpose for which it was designed for, i.e.

  2. Situation Ethics and Moral Decision Making.

    A women may have been raped and requested an abortion, a follower of Natural Law would be prohibited from allowing her to proceed with this. Despite the women not wanting a baby, a follower of Natural Law would give her no other choice.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work