• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the teleological argument attempts to prove the existence of God.

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Part A - Explain why the teleological argument attempts to prove the existence of God. Many supporters of the teleological argument infer that God?s existence from a particular aspect of the world: order, regularity and purpose. Of which are seen to be part of a ?design?. The argument concludes that God must be the source of design. Thomas Aquinas was born in the 13th Century, he based much of his work on Aristotle?s final cause and said that all things have a purpose and have been designed. His argument is heavily is in favour for the regularity of succession. In the teleological argument, it starts with Thomas Aquinas?s fifth way. It states that the natural world, follows natural laws even if they are not conscious, thinking beings, they thrive because they obey natural laws. Non-thinking things cannot direct themselves, for example an arrow is directed by an archer and the arrow will hit the target even though it does not have a mind of its own. ...read more.


Finally, this demonstrates that the watch must have had an efficient cause; a designer. Paley then went on to suggest that what would happen if the watch had an imaginary function of being able to produce other watches, in this case, you would have great admiration for the watchmaker. He concluded by saying that anyone who found the watch must come to the conclusion that the design of the watch implies the presence of an intelligent mind. Similarly Paley says the same principle works for an eye, if you were to examine it, you would be able to see all its complex features it has in order for it to carry out its purpose; allow us vision. It has an iris which opens and closes depending on if it?s dark or light. Therefore you can apply natural or mechanical analogies to the universe. Paley?s design qua regularity argument comes on the back of some major changes in the way that the universe was understood. ...read more.


There is also Tennant (1866-1957) who talks about the Anthropic Principle (if the world had been slightly different we wouldn?t exist, we fit so well into it that it seems to have been designed for us) and says only God can provide an accurate explanation for why humans can contemplate the universe and appreciate the beauty of something and their place within the universe, and human morality. He says that human life is the result of God?s plan or at least the current stage of Gods plan. Overall, Tennant states that the universe is not chaotic and was designed in such a way that the evolutionary process would create an environment, which intelligent design could exist. In conclusion, many philosophers have argued that the universe has not come about into its present state of its own accord, but that the universe demonstrates clear evidence of an intelligent designer behind its existence. Therefore this intelligent designer, could easily be God and even though we do not know this for a fact, the evidence shown is a clear indicator that there is a design and there is a possibility this designer may be God. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The design argument is also known as the teleological argument. The argument looks at ...

    3 star(s)

    Hume also argued that we can only attribute to a cause whatever qualities are needed to produce the effect. So the design argument, if it works only proves the existence of a design producing being. We cannot also say that this being has any of the attributes traditionally ascribed to God (classical theism).

  2. Assess whether religious experience demonstrates the existence of God?

    Brain Davies responds to this by noting that people interpret things in different ways (an argument used by the sceptics), two people may see a red Ferrari one may argue that it is an ugly car where as the other could argue it is a beautiful piece of machinery, they

  1. Key Features of the Teleological Arguement

    The above analogies are linked to the universe and God as the designer. David Hume used the analogy of a machine; machines are designed by human beings with intelligence. The world and the universe it is in resembles a machine.

  2. Outline the teleological proof of the existence of God

    Behe, a professor of science, said that the idea of our universe coming about purely from chance is a bit like "a whirlwind passing through a hanger full of scrap and forming a Boeing 747". P Johnson tried to develop a Design argument of his own.

  1. Assess What Can Be Concluded From The Teleological Argument

    In the universe it is possible to see examples of both design and order; arguably reflected in the watch. Further justification is provided as Paley as he uses this idea and applies it to the natural world. He uses examples of the human eye and the wings of a bird to illustrate his point.

  2. The Design Argument for the Existence of God

    This argument has continued through the 12th century by Aquinas and on into the 17th century. Still no philosopher has been able to truly abolish this argument so it has carried on with Paley in the 17th century and on with Brown in the 19th century were it still has not managed to be ruled out.

  1. Proof and Probability in Arguing for God's Existence.

    If in rejecting the conclusion you can no longer retain all the premises, your argument is valid. A valid or sound deductive argument is one in which the conclusion necessarily follows from the premises. (The terms 'valid' and 'sound' have the same meaning in this context.)

  2. The design arguments prove Gods existence. Assess this view.

    of the universe, the two concepts are completely unlike, it becomes an inextricable situation for Aquinas here. Also in the archer and arrow situation we can see the archer?s arms directing the arrow towards the target; however we cannot see these unintelligent beings being directed by anything, as it was pointed out by Antony Flew.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work