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Explore some of the arguments in favour of abortion

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Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Explore some of the arguments in favour of abortion Abortion, the premature expulsing of an unborn child from the womb, is one of the most hotly debated issues of our time. On one side of the argument there is the pro-choice community who believe that abortion should be available to all women, and on the other there is the pro-life community who believe that it is the murder of an innocent human. Deciding what side is correct depends on an individual?s religious, scientific and ethical views. Key issues include the moral status of the unborn child, and whether its rights outweigh the mother?s. In examining the reasons why people support abortion, a good place to start is the human rights of the mother. Abortion is a situation of conflicting rights ? many that are pro-choice believe that the rights of the mother are more important than the rights of the child. To quote Margaret Sanger, ?No woman can call herself free who does not control her own body.? Proponents of situation ethics especially would believe that we should look at the circumstances behind an abortion, not the morality of the act. ...read more.

Middle

Some think along utilitarian grounds seeing the abortion of a handicapped child as providing those parents with the opportunity to have another healthy child which the presence and demands of a handicapped child might prohibit. It could also prevent the unimaginable suffering that a child with a condition such as Edward?s Syndrome would face. It is interesting to note that the law allows abortion for handicap to take place at any stage during pregnancy and is not limited to the 24 week point. To quote Judge Horner, ?In the case of an fatal foetal abnormality there is no life to protect.? Even natural law could be used to support abortion in extreme circumstances. Supporters of this theory see the act of sexual intercourse as an efficient cause that brings about the final cause of the production of a human being. Abortion prevents the final cause from being achieved and is therefore immoral. However, there is the doctrine of double effect. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some would even support viewing abortion as little more than a method of contraception. A notable feminist is Judith Thomson, author of ?A Defence of Abortion?, uses abstract analogies to promote abortion. One of these is the violinist scenario. In this scenario a woman finds herself involuntarily chained to a famous violinist in a hospital. The violinist is dying and the woman was discovered to have the correct blood type to save him. Therefore she was kidnapped and is now acting as a life support. Thomson asserts that the woman has no moral obligation to remain connected to the violinist, and if she did it would be an extraordinary act of kindness. However, Singer claims that a utilitarian outlook would imply that one is morally obliged to stay connected to the violinist. Overall, abortion is a complex issue and we should not pass judgement because we can never understand what a woman is going through when she chooses abortion. To quote Hilary Clinton, ?It's a hard choice and it's controversial, and that's why I'm pro-choice, because I want people to make their own choices.? ...read more.

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